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Shang

Distribution area

Runan County: Runan County, located in Han, governs Shangcai (now northwest of Shangcai County in central Henan Province and north of Huaihe River in Anhui Province). The Eastern Jin Dynasty suspends the city, which is now Runan. Runan County of the Sui and Tang Dynasties is Caizhou (formerly known as Yuzhou). Jingzhao County: the municipality directly under the Central Government. During the Three Kingdoms period , Wei Zhijun was governed by Chang'an (now Xi'an, Shaanxi). Puyang County: Puyang County is roughly located in Hua County, Puyang, and Fan County in Henan Province, and in Pucheng and Pucheng, Shandong.

Historical source

Origin of the Shang (Shāng)
1. Originating from the surname, from the descendants of the nobles of the Shang Dynasty in the ancient times, it belongs to the family name. 2. Born from the 25th century of Cheng Tang, Sun Yingxin lived residing in the east of the mall. 3. According to legend, Huang Di 's grandson gave his surname by the place name (now Shangxian County, Shaanxi). 4. Originating from Manchu , belongs to Hanization and changed the surname to the clan. 5. Derived from the surname of Ji , after the merchant of the Qin Dynasty in the Spring and Autumn Period, the family name was the name of Fengyi.

Ancestor

Lease, Shangtang (Chengtang), Shangyang (Shangyang, Weiyang).

Migration distribution

The Shang family is an ancient multi-ethnic group of surnames . It ranks 244th out of 100 surnames today, and 210th in Taiwan Province, with a population of about 393 thousand . It accounts for about 0.024% of the total population of the country. The surname of Shang is not among the top 100 of the 100 surnames on the mainland and Taiwan. Before the Qin Dynasty, there were historical books of Confucian disciples Shang Ze and Shang Qu, all of whom were from the Lu Kingdom . In addition to the source of the Shang family, by the Warring States Period, the Shang family had been distributed in Shangqiu, Henan, Shangxian, Shaanxi, Qufu, Shandong and other places. At the time of the two Han dynasties, the surname of Shang had been relocated to today's Henan Pingyu , Shaanxi Xi'an, and Henan-Rushan junction of today's Poyang. After development, it flourished as a local hope. The three ancient places belonged to Runan County and Jingzhao. County, Shuyang County. During the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, Shang surnamed the three counties as the center, and relocated to the surroundings in a radial pattern. Today, the surnames of Gansu, Shanxi, Hebei, and the southern provinces of Anhui, Jiangsu, and Hubei all settle in. At the time of the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the mainstream of Shang surnames continued to flourish in the north, but its surnames in the southern provinces also developed. After the southern Song Dynasty was partial to the south of the Yangtze River, the distribution of Shang surnames in the southern provinces further expanded. Today, Jiangxi, Sichuan, and Hunan have all moved in. At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, the Shang family name in Shanxi was relocated to Henan, Hebei, Shandong, Shaanxi, and Gansu as one of the surnames of the large locust tree in Hongdong. During the Qing Dynasty and after the Qing Dynasty, businessmen from Shandong, Henan, Hebei and other places surpassed the Guandong and entered the three northeastern provinces, and later extended to the northeastern region of Inner Mongolia. Here, the surnames of merchants from the east and south China coasts have crossed the sea to Taiwan. So far, the surnames of the merchants have become more widespread. Today, the distribution of business surnames is mainly concentrated in Hebei, Shandong, Heilongjiang, Henan, Beijing, Shaanxi, Liaoning, and Jiangsu. These eight account for about 74% of the total business surnames, followed by Hubei, Anhui, Zhejiang, Chongqing, Tianjin, etc. Ground.

Hall number

The main hall names of the Shang surname are: "Zhu Yuan Tang", "Xie Lie Tang", "San Yuan Tang", "Liang Xian Tang", "Jing Ai Tang", "Hao Yi Tang", "Xu Zhi Tang" and so on.

Celebrities

Shang Gao: a mathematician from the Zhou Dynasty who wrote China's first mathematics book, Zhou Jing Suan Jing.
Shang Ze: Lu people in the late spring and autumn. Zizixiu, a child season, a Confucius disciple, is one of the 72 wise men, and enjoys visiting six books.
Shang Qu: Lu people in the late spring and autumn. Zizi, a Confucius disciple, is 29 smaller than Confucius.
Shang Ye : The hero who laid the foundation for Qin during the Warring States Period is a well-known historical figure.
Shang Ting: Minister of the early Yuan Dynasty. The word Meng Qing (1209-1288), the old man of Zuoshan in the evening. In the early years of Renzong Yanyou, he pursued and co-conspired with Zuo Yungong, Taishi, Kaifuyitong Sansi, Shangzhu State, Lu Guogong, and "Wen Ding". Can poetry, calligraphy and calligraphy. Author of 6 volumes of Tibetan Spring Collection.
Shang Yan: The word Hong Zai, No. Su Yan, Ming Dynasty . The orthodox township, society, and temple test are all first. The official from Jingtai to the Ministry of War . Chenghua Chujin is a bachelor of the palace. Author of "Shang Wenyi Official Document".

Last name culture