在线一本码道高清

Renshi

Distribution area

Le'an County, now Guangrao County, Shandong. Dong'an County is located in Fuchun County, Zhejiang Province today.

Historical source

"Ren" originated

1. Irregularities. During the Spring and Autumn Period, the Chu nationality, one of the 72 wise disciples of Confucius , was pursued by the Emperor of the Tang Dynasty as Ren Chengbo, and the Emperor of the Song Dynasty as a Dangyang Hou. According to legend, there are twenty-five sons of Emperor Huang , who have fourteen surnames, including twelve surnames: Ji, Ji, Qi, Ji, Teng, Zhen, Ren, Gou, Ji, Xi, Ji, Yi. Among those who were given the surname , their descendants took the surname. 2. Biography from ancient pregnant surnames. Associated with female pregnancy, it can be considered one of the ancient surnames arising from matrilineal clan society. 3, from the surname Feng. "Tongzhi · Clans" records that after the grandchildren of Ren are considered to be Taihao: the country of the surname Feng, the site is in Jining, Shandong today, and the descendants of the country are the family. 4. Other names changed. For example, in the Yuan Dynasty, the son of Wang Xin declared that his surname was changed for refuge, and his descendants were also called Ren . 5. Minorities changed their surnames. According to the "Wei Shu", Ba (that is, the Banmudun people) has a surname of Yi Shuai; in addition, ancient ethnic minorities such as Xixia and Hani of the Ming Dynasty have any surname; Other ethnic groups have this surname.

Historical migration

In the pre-Qin period, Ren was mainly active in Shandong, Henan, and Hubei. During the Qin and Han Dynasties, the surname Ren had spread to Shaanxi, Sichuan, Gansu, Guangdong, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang. During the Three Kingdoms and the Two Jin Dynasties , the surname of Ren was more widely distributed, but its main body was still in the North and Central Plains. The surname of the Song Dynasty had emigrated to Fujian. In the early Qing Dynasty, Ren surnamed Taiwan. During the Song Dynasty, there were about 350,000 Ren, about 0.46% of the country's population, ranking 47th. The largest province with a surname is Sichuan, which accounts for about 31% of the total population of the surname. The distribution throughout the country is mainly concentrated in Sichuan, Shandong, and Henan. These three provinces account for about 70% of the total population of the country. Secondly distributed in Hubei and Gansu, the surnames of these two provinces concentrated another 14%. The national surnames are mainly distributed in the area north of the Yangtze River, forming three clusters of central surnames centered on Chuanlong in the west, Yu'e in the middle, and Qilu in the east.

During the Ming Dynasty, there were about 310,000 Ren surnames, accounting for 0.33% of the country's population, ranking 70th. Song Yuanming's pure population growth rate in the country in the year 600 was 20%. The population of the surname not only did not increase, but decreased. The surnames mainly distributed in the north have been severely impacted by the long-term turmoil. During the Ming Dynasty, Shanxi was the largest province with a surname of Ren, accounting for about 21.8% of the total population of the country. The distribution throughout the country is mainly concentrated in the four provinces of Shanxi, Shandong, Zhejiang, and Sichuan, accounting for about 61% of the total population of the country. Secondly distributed in Jiangsu, Hebei, Shaanxi, and Henan, the surnames of these four provinces concentrated another 21%. During the Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties, the overall pattern of the distribution of surnames changed greatly, and its population moved mainly from the Central Plains to the southeast and west. The whole country has formed four regions with the surnames of Shanxi, Sichuan in the west, Shandong in the east, and Jiangsu and Zhejiang in the southeast. According to the " Historical Records of Nanyue Biographies", the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty set up Nanhai County and ruled it in Panyu County (now Guangzhou). Ren was distributed in many places in Sichuan and Henan in the Han Dynasty . At the same time, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Gansu and other provinces now have any surnames . After the Three Kingdoms, Ren's distribution was more extensive. For example, Renxu in the Western Jin Dynasty was Zhang'an (now Linhai, Zhejiang), Renhao in the Eastern Jin Dynasty was Pingzhou (now Taiyuan, Shanxi), Chen Renzhong in the Southern Dynasty was Ruyin (fuyang, Anhui), and Rendi in the Tang Dynasty. Jane is a Wannian (now Xi'an, Shaanxi), and Ren Tao is a Gaoan (now Shanxi). In the Southern Song Dynasty, there was a scholar from Shaoxing Jin Wen, who was from Minxian County (now Fuzhou), indicating that Ren had moved to Fujian at the latest in the Song Dynasty . Since the Qing Dynasty , there have been migrants from Fujian and Guangdong, such as Singapore, who have Chinese surnames , and established clan organizations.

The population of contemporary surnames has reached 4.2 million and is the 59th surname in the country, accounting for approximately 0.34% of the country's population. From the Ming Dynasty to the present 600 years, the population of Ren surname increased from 310,000 to more than 4.2 million, an increase of about 13 times. The growth rate of Ren surname was basically the same as the national population. The distribution nationwide is currently concentrated in the four provinces of Henan, Hebei, Shanxi, and Shandong, accounting for about 39% of the total population of the country. Secondly distributed in Shaanxi, Liaoning, Sichuan, Anhui and Jiangsu, the surnames of these five provinces concentrated another 27%. Henan is the largest province with any surname, accounting for about 11% of the country's total surname. The whole country has formed a distribution area of northern surnames centered on Henan, Hebei, Shanxi and Shandong, and young surnames south of the Yangtze River. During the past 600 years, the migration of Ren was characterized by a strong return from the southeast to central and northern China. The schematic diagram of the distribution frequency of Ren's surnames in the population shows that in most parts of Henan and Shandong, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shaanxi, Jinan, Liaoning, southeastern and central Inner Mongolia, most of Ningxia, eastern Gansu, and northern Hubei, the proportion of Ren's surnames accounts for 0.63% Above, the central area can reach more than 1.5%, the above-mentioned coverage area accounts for about 18.3% of the total land area, and about 51% of the surname groups live. In southeastern Henan, southern Shandong, most of Hubei, northern Anhui and Jiangsu, Sichuan and Chongqing, most of Yunnan, western and northern Guizhou, central Gansu, northeastern Inner Mongolia and most of Jilin, the proportion of the surname is generally 0.42% of the local population. Between 0.63%, it covers about 18% of the total land area and inhabits about 26% of the group named.

Celebrities

Ren Buqi: (Before 545-Before 468) The word selection, one of the seventy-seven disciples of Confucius , was from Chu (now Hubei) during the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period . Born in March 27th, King Zhou Ling, and in September eighth year of King Zhou Yuan . It was buried in Taoxiang, the tomb was in Gepu, North Fang, Jining City. The Emperor of the Tang Dynasty pursued him as Ren Chengbo, and the Emperor of the Song Dynasty sealed him as Dangyang Hou.

Ren Dachun: (1738-1789 AD) Qing Jing scholar. The word You Zhi and Zi Tian are from Xinghua, Jiangsu. Qianlong Jinshi . Tired official Shaanxi Road supervision Yushi. Glossary. Zeng Chong was the editor of " Siku Quanshu ". Search for materials, comprehensive examination, and interpretation of ancient famous objects, and write "Executive Cases of Fuyi", "Executive Cases of Deep Clothing", "Releasing Eunuchs", "Primary Elementary School", "Word Forest Examination", etc.

Ren Bishi: (1904-1950 AD) Formerly named Ernan, Peiguo, Tangjiaqiao, Hunan Xiangyin (now Miluo). In 1920, he joined the Russian Research Organization organized by Mao Zedong and He Shuheng. He was elected to the Politburo at the August 7th meeting and became the youngest Politburo member in the history of the party. Participated in the Long March, 25,000 miles. In the Long March, he was the top political leader of the Red Six Army and later the Red Second Army. In Yan'an, he served as Secretary-General of the CPC Central Committee. In 1945, after the "Seventh National Congress" of the Communist Party of China, it was tied with Mao, Liu, Zhou, and Zhu and became one of the "five secretaries" leading the party. On the evening of October 26th, the day after the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea in 1950, he studied the war situation, thought about countermeasures, suffered from long-term exhaustion, his condition deteriorated, and died the next day. While paying tribute to him, Ye Jianying commented: "He is the camel of our party, the camel of the Chinese people, walking a long and arduous road, without rest, without enjoyment." It can be seen that his spirit has profound influence within the party.

Last name culture