在线一本码道高清

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Hall test

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The founder of the palace test was considered by some scholars to be Tang Gaozong . The reason is that in the four years of Xianqing (659 years), Tang Gaozong personally opened a department to collect scholars, and the emperor personally supervised and selected talents. However, the scale of this test was not large, and it was not recorded that the test location was in front of the temple, so Tang Gaozong was not the pioneer of the temple test.

Hall test

Hall test-one of the Imperial Examinations

Why didn't the temple test eliminate the lift? What is the truth

The imperial examination system has lasted for thousands of years. Although countless people criticize it now, the imperial examination system is rigid and decaying. However, in the feudal era, compared with other countries in the world, China's imperial examination system was relatively advanced and a system for selecting talents. Like India, the caste system is ruled. People with high castes rule over people with low castes. To put it bluntly, it is pedigree theory. People of low background have no qualifications to connect with education, let alone the opportunity to govern the country in the future.

The imperial examination system in China gave Hanmen a chance, "Chao Weitian Shelang, Mudeng Tianzitang", which is the best description of the imperial examination system. There are four levels in the imperial examination system, one is a boy test, one is a township test, one is a quiz, and one is a hall test. Today, we will talk about it separately. This temple test is the last test of the imperial examinations. The top three in the test are the champions, second-rankers, and flower explorers we often say.

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Compared to the previous three exams, the hall test can be said to be the most important and the easiest. The reason why it is the most important is that this exam is to be held in the palace. The questioner is the emperor , and even the top ten examination papers, the emperor has to read in person. After this exam, candidates were able to formally appoint officials to complete the last leap of the carp. The reason why it is the easiest is that in the hall test, candidates will not be eliminated. In other words, as long as you can participate in the hall test, a jinshi 's quota will be steadily available.

So, what is Dianxuan? Dianxuan is Dianxuan, the highest level of examinations in the imperial examinations. Imperial examinations began in the Sui Dynasty and took shape in the Tang Dynasty . After emperor Sui Wen of the Sui Dynasty unified the Northern and Southern Dynasties , he further cracked down and weakened the Jiangnan clan, completely abolished the Jiupin official law and the Chiang Kai-shek system. In the seventh year of the emperor's reign, he set up the Department of Religious Studies and the Department of Qingping Ganji. Three years before the Emperor Sui's great cause, he entered the bachelor's degree program and set a precedent for the imperial examination. In the Tang Dynasty, due to Li's low birth, and various other reasons, breaking the situation of the clergy dominating the officialdom became a historical necessity. In the five years since Tang Gaozu's martial arts, China held the first imperial examination in a truly historical sense. Four scholars were admitted and the students started their careers. By the time of Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty, the imperial examination system had been fixed as a system of taking away scholars and has since become a custom. In the Wu Dynasty Zhou Dynasty , because Wu Ze did not forget the long hate of the Longxi aristocracy against her, and let go of recruiters in order to further weaken the nobility, and personally test tributemen, and further strengthened and consolidated the imperial examination system. With the opening of the imperial examinations, the situation of noble monopolies was broken. Therefore, for thousands of years, countless students have been working hard and studying hard with the ideal of "Chao Wei Tian She Lang, Mu Deng Tian Zi Tang", and formed China. Social culture-specific champion effect.

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The test papers for the palace of the warriors were first read by the emperor, and later read by the chief examiner, and the emperor ruled. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the imperial examination was only theoretically presided over by the emperor. Except for Qianlong , the emperor no longer reviewed the papers in person, and was reviewed by the reading minister. The articles were ranked as fifth and then the top ten were awarded. The judge's test paper was presented to the emperor, and the name of the candidate was revealed in person. In principle, the tributes who participated in the hall test will no longer be eliminated. Generally, they can become jinshi, only the order of the top seven champions, the top picks, the candidates for flower exploration, and the top seven of the top two will be determined by the emperor. Therefore, the palace test of the Ming and Qing dynasties actually became a special test to compete for the top picks and Dingjia candidates and determine the ranking of the new scholars. In the early morning of the next day, the emperor had to call the first ten new scholars individually, which was called "Little Biography" in history. The official ranking of the temple was announced after the emperor summoned, filling in the big and small gold lists, and waiting for everything to be released. Calling it "Big Biography" or "Big Biography" is one of the country 's most solemn ceremonies during the imperial examination period. After the release of the list, the process of the hall test was not completed. The new champion must lead the fellow scholars to a special banquet set by the Ministry of Rites. Tang and Song referred to as "flower exploration feast", Ming dynasty called "Qiong Lin feast", and Qing dynasty called "Enrong feast." After the banquet, the No. 1 scholar had to lead the jinshi to worship the Confucian originator at the Confucian Temple. After the worship was over, he went to Guozijian to set up a monument and put the name of the new scholar on the stone monument.

Seeing this, some readers and friends may be surprised. You must know that the ancient imperial examinations were fiercely competitive and the elimination was as cruel as today's civil service exams. Then why did you not eliminate anyone at the last level, the most important test of the palace? Speaking of this, it is related to a person in the Northern Song Dynasty, this person is called Zhang Yuan.

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Zhang Yuan was a man from the Northern Song Dynasty. He participated in the hall test many times, but he never thought he would be defeated every time. The young man was full of resentment, and for a moment he couldn't think of it. He even went to Xixia to make suggestions for the Xixia people, and in turn attacked the Song Dynasty . What's even worse is that Zhang Yuan did have talents. He defeated the Song Dynasty many times. Even those jinshi who successfully passed the palace test were beaten down by Zhang Yuan. This is embarrassing. They didn't pass the exam. of.

The Song Dynasty absorbed this lesson, knowing that it was able to pass the test of raising people and enter the hall test. It was a talent in itself. In the subsequent hall tests, no more people were eliminated. Of course, the Song Dynasty was also afraid of the second and third Zhang Yuan. Anyway, for the Song Dynasty, more admissions of scholars were just a matter of multi-point office, lest they not be accepted as scholars, they will be used by other countries.

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Although this happened in the Song Dynasty, later dynasties, such as the Qing Dynasty, followed the Song Dynasty's system and did not eliminate people in the palace test. His intention is probably the same as that of the Song Dynasty. These scholars, after going through many levels, finally passed the final level. If they were eliminated at the last level, they would have huge grievances, which would be detrimental to the rule of the country. It would be better to eliminate all of them and give them all scholarships. I can be an official in the future, and everyone is happy . This is why in the hall test, the candidates only ranked, but they were not in the context of elimination.

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What is the hall test? What examination process does it have?

In ancient times, he became a jinshi after passing the temple exam. The hall test in the Ming and Qing Dynasties was held in Baohe Hall. Candidates will enter Baohe Hall from dawn. After entering, they will not be issued the test papers immediately. They will go through rolls, rolls, praises, salutes and other etiquette. Then I started to ask questions. The palace test only tested the theory and gave a large text. In fact, it is very similar to the reading comprehension of the Chinese college entrance examination and the civil servant examination. Candidates who participate in the hall test must write about 2,000 words based on the questions. Candidates must not only write their own detailed information on the test papers, but also the information of the three generations of their ancestors.

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The exam will take one day, that is, the paper will be submitted at sunset. You might say, is n’t it just to write 20,000 words. As for the exam one day? The exam questions are very focused on current affairs. Candidates must think carefully before answering. Write it once or twice, and then continually revise it until you finally seriously write it on the test paper. The imperial examination is not only a hall exam, but any level of examination requires the candidate to write the correct body, which is the "Guange body". Founder, Guangyuan, Wuhe, and large body, it takes time and effort to write. In fact, from a certain perspective, calligraphy is often more important than writing. It can be seen from the examination papers that are passed down now that any candidate's examination paper is now at the level of everyone in calligraphy. The picture below is a test paper written by Huang Siyong, a Qing dynasty candidate, in the hall. Remember that it was a draft. This is not his official test paper, but his draft is quite neat and has not been changed from beginning to end. I saw this and could not help but give birth to worship.

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Finally, let ’s talk about the key point. Since it is a palace test, does the emperor actually supervise the exam? Do you really want to accompany the candidates for a day in Baohe Hall? The answer is that some emperors do their own exams, such as Yongzheng , but some emperors send ministers on their behalf Inspected by myself. If you really catch up with the emperor's invigilation, answering the questions in the solemn and majestic palace hall and in front of the emperor will also pose a huge challenge to the candidate's psychological quality. Moreover, there are many rules in the hall test. The emperor must not give a seat. The candidates must kneel on their knees, and they cannot leave until the examination is over.

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Moreover, this hall test is only the last pass. Before that, there were child tests, township tests, and conference tests. The number of admissions was lower than one. Looking at today's college entrance examination, I still feel happy today.

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What are the top three in the ancient temple test? Is it just the No. 1 pick, the second pick, and the flower search?

The top three who have always thought of the palace exams are the top three in the highest examinations in the imperial examinations . They should be the first prize, the second prize and the probe . It was later discovered that this was ridiculous. The palace test, although it was already in the Tang Dynasty, was not formed until the Song Dynasty . During the Tang Dynasty , there was no such ranking. Only in the Southern Song Dynasty did it come out.

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In the Ming Dynasty, the imperial examinations were divided into three stages, namely the township test, the union test, and the hall test. Township exams take place every three years. Those who take the exams need to register as talents . Those who pass the township exams can be referred to as people, and the first place in the township exams becomes the solution. The township test here is equivalent to today's provincial exams, and the solution to the yuan is basically the same as the current provincial college entrance examination champion.

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Candidates who have won the examination can continue to register at the Ministry of Commerce and participate in the examination. Candidates who pass the exam will be called Jinshi. The first name of the exam is Huiyuan. In the same year, Jinshi can go to the Baohe Hall of the Forbidden City to participate in the hall test. The hall test papers will be submitted to the reviewing ministers in turn. In a similar way to drawing the word "Zheng", find the top 10 supporting papers supported by the reviewing ministers, and finally give it to the emperor to decide. Ranking.

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In the end, the emperor will divide the top three in the hall according to the level of performance. The top three here is definitely not the meaning of the top three, but the meaning of "third class". The first class is the first, with three winners, namely the No. 1 pick, the second pick, and the search for flowers, given the title of "Jinshi and No.". The second class is the second class, with several names, given the title of "Jinshi origin", the third class is the third, and there are several names, with the title of "Same Jinshi origin". It can be seen that this top three is by no means the top three!

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The emperor presided over the hall test. Why was the candidate the first emperor angry?

In ancient China, in the era of peace, apart from birth, it was particularly important. The only way to change your own destiny was to gain a reputation. The so-called ten years of hard reading is only when the title of the gold list. Only through the imperial examination system can the poor turn themselves into an official. To achieve his great ambitions.

Until the Emperor Gaozong of the Tang Dynasty, a palace test appeared. The imperial examination means that the emperor personally organizes and, as the examiner, selects talents from the jinshi admitted from various places.

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By the Northern Song Dynasty, the imperial examination system had been perfected. In the eight years of Kaibao, Zhao Kuangyin organized a palace test every three years. People from all over the country gathered in Beijing to take the test. They all wanted to use their talents and get reuse from the court. One after another hoped that they would be able to win the title and win the top spot.

However, there are not many people who can advancing into the ranks, and the number one champion is a thousand miles. Most of them will be named Sun Shan.

After some elimination, when the emperor personally tried it, there were only dozens of candidates left. These dozens of candidates are the best candidates among all the candidates. Regarding poetry and poetry, they can be described as catching each other's hands.

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On this day, Zhao Kuangyin sat in the hall and waved his hands, and the candidates began to do the questions at the same time. After reading the questions carefully, the candidates began to work on the questions nervously. It didn't take long for the two candidates to submit the papers respectfully and respectfully. They handed in almost at the same time. Zhao Kuangyin looked at the papers of the two and felt that they were very talented. For a moment, it was not known who was selected as the champion. So let them fight in the hall, whoever wins can be the champion!

The two were helpless and could only obey Zhao Kuangyin's instructions and fought for a while. One candidate defeated the other candidate, and the successful candidate blamed Zhao Kuangyin for being the top prize winner!

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After that, Song Taizong also continued Zhao Kuangyin's work. In the one-year hall test, a candidate with the surname of Qian also imitated the previous champion and rushed to do the problem. After finishing the task, he handed it to Zhao Guangyi . Song Seeing this candidate's submission so early, Taizong Zhao Guangyi was very angry and said, "The question you have submitted is so esoteric, but you are the first to submit it, don't you look down on me? Qian did not even enter the top three in the end, and he could only speculate on Sun Shan. Now ...

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Conclusion

It is also called "the Imperial Examination", the Imperial Court Examination, and the Imperial Court Examination. The palace examination is prepared by the internal organization and then submitted to the emperor for selection. Those who participate in the conference examination can only participate. The purpose is to distinguish the qualifications of the conference examination.

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