Thousands of years ago, many clans and tribes inhabited the Yellow River and Yangtze River basins in China. In China at the time, tribal alliances led by the Yellow Emperor and tribal alliances led by Chi You were two powerful tribal alliances. During the merger of the two with other tribes, fierce conflicts arose. It was under these historical conditions that a large-scale war finally occurred. Among them, Huangdi is one of the most famous tribal leaders in the Yellow River Basin. Another famous tribal leader is Yan Di. There is a branch in the Yandi tribe, Jiuli, whose leader is Chi You, who is very powerful. Chi You has eighty-one brothers. Each of them has an orc face, and a bronze head and an iron arm are extremely fierce. They are good at making various weapons such as knives and crossbows. Once, the Huangdi tribe and Yandi tribe clashed. Huangdi won and Yandi surrendered, but the Jiuli tribe refused to surrender with Yandi. The Yellow Emperor united the leaders of the various tribes and launched a decisive battle with Chi You on the fields of Mule Deer. This was the famous "Mule Deer War." After many fierce battles, Huang Di successively killed Chi You's 81 brothers, and eventually captured Chi You.
Guide: Who is Huangdi? Brief Introduction of Huangdi and the Emperor's Descendants- Huangdi (2717-2599) was one of the first Chinese ancestors and the ancestor of humanities. He was also named the Chinese ancestor and the Emperor Yan who was born on the bank of Jiangshui (present-day Baoji). Alliance leader. The son of Shaodian, his surname is Gongsun, and he lived in Jishui (now Wugong Qishuihe, Shaanxi Province), so he changed his surname to Ji, Juxuanyuan Hill (now Xinzheng Northwest), hence the name Xuanyuan, born and built in Yuxi (now Xinzheng) Therefore, it is also known as Xiong's. Because of the virtue of the earth, it is called Huangdi. He entered the annals of history with the great achievements of unifying the Chinese nation. Sowing Baigu grass and trees, vigorously developing production, starting to make clothes, building boats, inventing guide cars, fixed calculations, rhythms, and creating medicine. During this period, there were words. Huangdi is the first of the five emperors, and there are four wives, such as his ancestors and aunts.
Huang Di Introduction
Historical identity: The ancestor of the Huaxia nationality, the ancestor of the humanities, the leader of the tribal alliance in ancient China.
Mythological identity: The Central Emperor of the Divine Realm
Huang Di lived in Ji Shui [JiRiver]. Huang Di took Ji Shuicheng-"Mandarin Jin". He was rumored to speak for dozens of days after birth.
Emperor Huang: Ji Shuicheng is known as Emperor Huang because he is the world leader of King Toku.
Father: Shao Dian (named Qi Kun) (According to the Records of the Five Emperors and the Qin Benji of Shiji, both refer to "Shaodian", and the reference period differs several generations. Shaodian of Shiji refers to the tribe. )
Mother: Fu Bao
Wife: Huangdi has four concubines and ten concubines. Zheng Fei is the Xiling family and she is the famous ancestor. She teaches people to raise silkworms and weaving silk to make clothes. Therefore, she has the title of "first silkworm". , The second concubine is the aunt, and the class is under the three. Her appearance is ugly, but she is noble in virtue and respected by Emperor Huang.
Subordinates: Emperor Yan, Ying Long, Feng Bo, Yu Shi, Tian Nu, Cang Ying, Feng Hou, Ling Lun, Li Mu, Chang Xian, Dahong Shen Huang Nu, etc.
Descendants: The emperor had a total of twenty-five sons, fourteen of whom were named by surnames. These fourteen people got a total of twelve surnames: Ji, Ji, Qi, Ji, Teng, Ji, Ren, Ji, Ji, Ji, Ji, Yi, Yi. In addition, Qingyang, Canglin and Ji share the same surname. Shao Hao (his surname), Yi (second son Changyi's son), Emperor Yi (grandson's grandson), Tang Yao (eldest son Xuansun), Yu Shun (second son eighth generation grandson), and Xia and Shang dynasties (children's surnames) The monarchs of the Zhou Dynasty were descendants of Huangdi. Later Five Emperors Shao Hao, Dai, Yao, Shun, Yu and Xia Yu, the ancestors of the Shang clan, the ancestors of the Zhou clan, etc., were all descendants of Huangdi. These descendants all inherited the surname of Ji, and his descendants, Zhou Wuwang ( Ji Fa ) The Zhou Dynasty was established; when King Zhou Wu (Ji Fa) sealed the princes at the beginning of the Western Zhou Dynasty, there were 53 Ji surnames, and most of the descendants of these Ji surnames changed the name of the country, the name of the seal, and the name of the grandfather. Last name, Ji last but not much. In addition, in the Tang Dynasty, in order to avoid Li Longji 's taboo, the surname of Ji was changed to the surname of Zhou. As a result, although Ji was a very large family name, it is rare today. . The surname Ji is not among the top 100 of the 100 surnames on the mainland or in Taiwan. Emperor Huang and Yan Emperor are also known as the ancestors of the Chinese nation, the leader of the Huaxia Tribal Alliance, and our blood ancestors. It was written into the annals of history with his great achievements in unifying the Huaxia people. He planted Baigu grass, vigorously developed production, created texts, started making crowns, built boat cars, invented guide cars, fixed calculations, rhythms, and created medicine. He was the ancestor of the Chinese civilization. Legend has it that in the ancient times, the co-owner of the Chinese nation, the head of the five emperors.
Guide : Chi You : one of the first Chinese ancestors. Legend has it that the chirp is like a cow's head, with dorsal wings, and is the leader of the cattle totem and bird totem clan. He has eighty-one brothers, all with bronze heads and irons, eight arms, nine toes, all of which are extraordinary. In ancient times, the chief of the Jiuli tribe had various interpretations of his identity. About 4600 years ago, after the Yellow Emperor defeated the Yan Emperor , the war against the Chiyou tribe in the present-day territory of Zhuolu, Hebei, started the battle of the Chilu, and the Chiyou died. The earliest subject of the Chinese nation today. Xuanyuanqiu, Chiyou Tomb, Huangdiquan (Banquan), Sanyou Village, Chiyou Spring, Bagua Village, Dingchetai, Chiyou Blood-stained Mountain, Earth Pagoda, Shangxiaqiqi, Qiaoshan, etc. Remains. For details, please read the historical data of Zhuolu County Chronicle , Shiji, and Shui Jing Zhu. Modern buildings include the "Three Ancestral Halls of China".
Chiyou was the chief of the Jiuli tribe in ancient times, and the god of war in Chinese mythology.
Chi You fought with Yan Emperor and later defeated Yan Emperor. So, Emperor Yan and Huang Di joined forces to fight Chi You. Chi You led a group of 81 brothers to raise soldiers to compete with Huangdi and wage fierce battle in Zhuolu. It is said that Chi You has eight feet, three heads and six arms, a bronze head and an iron forehead. Good at fighting with knives, axes, and knights. The Yellow Emperor is incapable of enemies. Please ask God to help him break it. Killed in darkness, blood flowed into the river. Chi You was killed by Emperor Huang. The emperor cut his first burial, and the first level turned into blood maple forest. Later Emperor Huang Di respected him as the "master of war", the god of war. His fierce image is still scary. Huang Di painted his image on the flag to encourage his army to fight bravely.
"Beginner's Book" volume nine quotes "Go to Tibet · Qiluo" cloud: Chiyou comes from amniotic fluid, eight-breasted eight-toe sparse head, boarded Jiuyu to cut empty mulberry, Huangdi killed in Qingqiu. Later, "Dragonfish River Map" ("Taiping Yulan" Volume 78) quoted: "Eighty-one Chi You brothers, with orc language, bronze heads, iron foreheads, and stone gravel", "Yun: Chi You" eating iron stone "," human hoof, four eyes and six hands, ears like sword halberd, head with horns. "
And Yun: "80 brothers of Chiyou brothers" ("Dragonfish River Map") or 72 people ("Su Yi Ji"), then God's Chi You is also a giant tribe on earth.
And "The Emperor's Tombs and Tombs" Fuyun said: "Chi Youzug, in Shixiang Township, Shouzhang County, Dongping County (now Shililiyuan Town, Yanggu County, Shandong Province), is seven feet tall and is worshipped by the people in October. The anger is like a pimple, and the name is Chiyou Banner. The shoulder and spleen are reunited in Juye County, Shanyang, and the size and the tsutsuka, etc. It is rumored that Huangdi and Chiyou fought in the wild deer, Huangdi killed it, and his body was different. Therefore, do n’t bury it; also rumored: Huang Di killed Shi Yiyou (General of Shandong), in Chiyou ’s severely wounded and desperate situation (Limaguan near Liushuzhuang), changed his clothes to wear Yuyou, and hit himself on the cliff. The clothes are identified as Chi You. Zhen Qi You is buried in Fanlushan Town, Zhuolu ";" Feng Chan Shu "records Qi worship to the Eight Gods," Three soldiers, master Chi You. " Chi Yousui finally entered the annals of history as the image of God of War.
In Chinese history, ancient books since the Spring and Autumn Period have a rich record of Chi You legends, but there are often contradictions . According to these records, Chiyou was the leader of the Jiuli tribe in ancient times. Scholars have speculated that Chiyou belongs to the Taihao and Shaohao clan according to "Yi Zhou Shu" and "Salt and Iron Theory". Chi You has eighty-one brothers (probably the meaning of eighty-one tribe, seventy-two), brave and fierce, powerful.
There is a mountain of Kunshan, a platform for co-workers, and the shooter is afraid of Beixiang. Someone was wearing Tsing Yi, named Huangdi son-in-law. Chi You was the slasher of the Yellow Emperor. The Yellow Emperor was the land of Jizhou that Ying Long attacked. Yinglong animal water. Chi You asked Feng Boyu to make a storm. The Emperor Huangdi said that the goddess of the heavens, the rain stopped, then killed Chi You. I ca n’t come back, I live in rain. The emperor of Shu Junyan, the north of Chishui. Shu Jun is Tian Zu. When he died, the one who wanted to chase, said: "God travels north!"
——The Classic of Mountains and Seas · The Great Northern Wilderness
This story is about a mountain called Kunshan with a co-worker platform on it. Archery people are afraid to pull bows and shoot arrows in the north because of the awe of co-workers. There was a man in a cyan dress called son-in-law. Chi You manufactured a variety of weapons to attack Huang Di, and Huang Di sent Ying Long to the wilderness of Jizhou to attack Chi You. Ying Long has accumulated a lot of water, and Chi You invited Feng Bo and Yu Shi to set off a heavy storm. Huang Di lowered the name of the son-in-law to help the battle, the rain was stopped, and then killed Chi You.
The son-in-law was unable to return to heaven because of the exhaustion of her divine power. There was no rain in the place where she lived. Uncle Jun reported this to Huangdi, who later placed his son-in-law north of Chishui. Shujun made Tianshen. The son-in-law often flees, and there will be drought in the people. If he wants to expel her, he prays, "God, please go north!" You also need to clear the water channel in advance and clear the ditches.
Who is the son-in-law?
According to legend, the son-in-law is a bald goddess with no hair, and where it lives, it doesn't rain.
Here is the story of a bald goddess. This bald goddess is very weird. She was the goddess of war who helped Huang Di to defeat Chi You, but was exiled by Huang Di for unknown reasons. The heart of this female bald must be very depressed ... So what kind of historical facts does this incident metaphorize?
When we analyze this way, we find a strange thing that is wrong. It seems that the war between Huangdi and Chiyou is not as exciting as the legend. In fact, this battle for power is far more than myth. More exciting. This seems to be the case. Chi You is Huang Di ’s most powerful competitor. At least Chi You ’s campaign team is stronger than Huang Di ’s camp and supported by the public. If nothing happens, Huang Di Tie will definitely be in this round of elections. Get out of the game and get eliminated. If history goes on like this, we can't call ourselves the descendants of Yanhuang now. We should say we are descendants of Yanyan.
However, Huang Di's old man was unwilling to accept the fact that he was behind in the election. How can he solve this problem? His old man pondered over it and finally came up with a good solution.
Huang Di found the most famous female communication lady in the society at that time, Ms. Hua, and asked Ms. Wu to testify on the spot that the candidate Chi You was full of excitement. The unlucky emperor candidate Chi You could not explain it anymore. The more I believe it is true.
In this way, Chi You suddenly became the protagonist of gossip news, and became a hot news person with Ms. Qi, but Huang Di took advantage of this opportunity to slam votes, jumped to become the candidate with the most votes, and eventually became our generation. Worried old ancestors.
But the matter is not over yet. She is especially out, but Ms. Qi is eager to get a seat in the cabinet, but how can Huangdi tolerate this kind of thing? So Huangdi continued to smear Ms. Qi, and eventually led Ms. Qi to go out. It was the welcome of bricks all over the street. In desperation, Ms. Xun had to escape to the most remote place and hid.
After that, in order to make ends meet, Ms. Xun had to have a good relationship with a large number of male compatriots. Eventually, the famous socialist flower in politics fell to the point of standing on the street. She was just a victim, but it was harmful to others. And no one else is blamed for this tragic end.
In Shan Hai Jing, not only is it full of prehistoric political news, the lace news of the emperor family is not a small number, the same, these Fenghua Xueyue have undergone folk reprocessing and creation, I am afraid that it is the parties who watched it, and can not tell the truth. coming.
The war between Huangdi and Chiyou was the earliest recorded war in China. This war led the Yellow Emperor to gradually unify the tribes of the Yellow River Basin, the cultures of the various regions of the Yellow River Basin began to merge with each other and produced the early Chinese culture, which laid the foundation of Chinese civilization.
The time of the war was about 26th century BC.
The location of the war was in China.
Background and Process of Huang Di's Battle for Chi You
The story of Huang Di's battle with Chi You, from the ancient Chinese ancient book " The Book of Mountains and Seas ", is very exciting in Chinese Myths and Legends and the myth of Eastern Mythology by Yuan Ke. Huang Di Ji Xuanyuan had a bear sandwiched between the Shennong and Jiuli tribes. At that time, these three tribes were the most powerful between the middle reaches of the Yellow River and Fenshui, so the battle for hegemony began. Ji Xuanyu was afraid of being attacked on both sides, so he adopted a preemptive strategy, assaulted the Shennong tribe, and defeated Shennong in the battle in the Hanquan countryside. tribe. Ji Xuanyu crossed the Yellow River with victory, marched to the base of the Jiuli tribe, and battled in the countryside of Zhuolu. This was one of the earliest and most famous wars in history. Chinese mythologists deified this battle of the Yellow Emperor Chi You. Both sides used immortal mana, and Feng Bo and Yu Shi came to fight. In the end, the Yellow Emperor defeated the Jiuli Tribe and killed Chi You. This famous battle made Ji Xuanyuan famous in the world at that time. Chiefs of various tribes called him "Heavenly Son" and honored him as "Yellow Emperor". Yellow Emperor, yellow land.
In the 27th century BC, there were more than 10,000 tribes in the middle reaches of the Yellow River and the lower reaches of Fen River. Among them, three tribes are the most powerful. One is the declining Shennong tribe. The base is in Chen Qiu (Huaiyang, Henan), and the chief Jiang Yuyu is a descendant of Shennong. One is the Jiuli tribe who is fierce and fierce. The base is in Zhuolu (Zhaolu County, Hebei Province), the chief of Chiyou; he has nine sons, all warriors of Wongfu Modang, and the nearby tribes are subject to his control. The other is the emergence of a bear tribe that seems to have a higher cultural standard (this tribe obviously uses bears as totems, otherwise they must have bear owls), and the base is in the bear (Xinzheng, Henan), and the chief Ji Xuanyuan; he has Great wisdom and great ability, combining politicians, scientists, military men and magicians.
The three tribes are fighting for hegemony. In the situation, the bear tribe is sandwiched between the Shennong tribe and the Jiuli tribe. There is a danger of fighting on both sides. Therefore, Ji Xuanyuan decided to preempt the attack. He first attacked the Shennong tribe and defeated the Shennong tribe during the battle in the outskirts of Hanquan (Banquan, Zhuolu County, Hebei Province), capturing all the enemy's population and cattle and sheep.
Battle of Roe Deer
Then Ji Xuanyuan defeated Yu Wei, crossed the Yellow River, and marched to the base of the Jiuli tribe, Mule Deer. The battle took place in the countryside of Zhuolu. This was one of the earliest and most famous wars in history. Chi You, like Ji Xuanyuan, is also a divine person. He opened his mouth wide and sprayed a thick mist. The soldiers of the bear tribe lost their way. Ji Xuanyuan invented the guide car, so that his troops could identify the road even in the thick fog. Chi You turned to Fengshen and Yushen again for help. He immediately hurled the wind that fell down the mountain and pulled up the trees, and it rained down like a waterfall. Ji Xuanyuan also cast mana to summon the goddess Drought to help out. The dry face is terrible. It is said that the zombie turned into a zombie. His eyes were born on the top of his head. His hair was all small snakes. His body was covered with white fur. Everywhere he went, there was not even a drop of rain. Three years of drought, thousands of miles of red land, all living creatures died of thirst. People will tremble when they hear her name, but it is most appropriate to ask her to face the god of wind resistance. As soon as she appeared, Fengshen and Yushen ran away, the wind stopped raining for a while, the water disappeared, and the mud was dry. Ji Xuanyu took the opportunity to counterattack, Jiuli tribe was defeated, Chi You was killed, the remaining people fled south, and settled in Wanshan, Guizhou Province, which is said to be the ancestor of the Miao people.
This battle demonstrated the invincible strength of the bear tribe, and made Ji Xuanyu famous at the time. So the horrified chiefs of all tribes trembled to support him as "the emperor" and honored him as the "yellow emperor". The meaning of the emperor is the beloved emperor, of course, the supremacy. The original meaning of "Emperor" is the same as the original meaning of "Emperor" and "Clan". They are both deities, but the divinity is reduced again, and it can be said to belong to the fourth level. The Yellow Emperor is a yellow-colored deity. This is exactly the position that Ji Xuanyuan hopes for. He set up the capital in the base of his tribe, Xiong (Henan Xinzheng), and established the Yellow Emperor Dynasty. He ordered that the disputes among the tribes not be followed by the use of force to solve them, instead, he would complain to him, and he would judge everyone as righteousness.
The date of the establishment of the Yellow Emperor Dynasty is described by ancient historians as 268 BC. This is an important day. Many times the Chinese want to use this year as the start of the year, just like the Western countries used the year of Jesus' birth as the start of the year, to replace the unique chaotic year system based on the individual emperor in China. . This advocated yielding to pressure from an authoritarian regime without success. But its memorable value is obvious.
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At the time when human beings were still in the wild and backward times, a war could make a nation perish or raise a nation. The nation that entered the forest of the world today may be only an occasional winner in the process of the merger and integration of the original clan and tribe. For the Huaxia people, when she was first formed, if it was not Huangdi who led the Huaxia tribe to defeat the Li Miao tribe headed by Chiyou in the Battle of Zhuolu, and made Huaxia from barbarism to civilization, then she may be another look today. The battle of Chi Di of the Yellow Emperor was a major turning point for the people of Huaxia from the primitive and into the era of civilization.