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Houyan

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Houyan (384-407) was one of the Xianbei Murong's swans during the Sixteen Kingdoms period. The founder was the fifth son of the former Yan civilization, Murongyu, Murongchui, both in Zhongshan (now Dingzhou, Hebei), and later moved to Long. The city (now Chaoyang, Liaoning), in its heyday, there were now Hebei, Shandong and most of Liaoning, Shanxi, and Henan. In 384, Murongchui claimed to be the King of Swallows in Poyang (now Poyang, Henan) and established the post-swallow. Houyan was strong in the early stage, once defeated the Eastern Jin Dynasty, defeated the former Qin Dynasty, and defeated Xiyan, but Houyan lost to the Northern Wei in the 395-year battle of joining together, and in June 396, the Northern Wei captured the Yanyan city Zhongshan. Since then, Yan has been divided into two , and has fallen into disappointment. Houyan moved his capital to Longcheng. At this time, Houyan was in chaos and was eventually replaced by Beiyan in 407. There are seven monarchs in the post-yan calendar for a total of 23 years.

Houyan

Houyan-the founder is the fifth son of the former Yan civilization

One of the Xianbei Murong's Swallows in the Sixteen Kingdoms Period: The Establishment of Houyan

Houyan (384-407) was one of the Xianbei Murong's swans during the Sixteen Kingdoms period. The founder was the fifth son of the former Yan civilization, Murongyu, Murongchui, both in Zhongshan (now Dingzhou, Hebei), and later moved to Long The city (now Chaoyang, Liaoning), in its heyday, there were now Hebei, Shandong and most of Liaoning, Shanxi, and Henan. In 384, Murongchui claimed to be the King of Swallows in Poyang (now Poyang, Henan) and established the post-swallow. Houyan was strong in the early stage, once defeated the Eastern Jin Dynasty, defeated the former Qin Dynasty, and defeated Xiyan, but Houyan lost to the Northern Wei in the 395-year battle of joining together, and in June 396, the Northern Wei captured the Yanyan city Zhongshan. Since then, Yan has been divided into two , and has fallen into disappointment. Houyan moved his capital to Longcheng. At this time, Houyan was in chaos and was eventually replaced by Beiyan in 407. There are seven monarchs in the post-yan calendar for a total of 23 years.

Murongchui (326-396), the word Daoming, his real name is Murongba, the fifth son of the former Yan Wenci Emperor Murong, tired of battle. He was named King Wu by former Yan Jingzhao Emperor Murong Jun . After the former Yan You Emperor Murong Yu came to power, Murong Chui was jealous of Queen Mother Ke Hunshi and Murong Comment, and was forced to defect to the former Qin Dynasty in 370. She was worshiped as a champion general and a guest of honor.

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In the battle of Yuanshui, the 3,000 Xianbei army led by Murongchui retreated. In 383, Murongchui got the permission of Xun Jian and came to Xuncheng to worship the ancestral ancestral tomb. In fact, he contacted the old Ministry to prepare for the reunification. At that time, Zhai Bin, a Dingling tribe, fought against the Qin in Henan. The puppet guarding Wucheng immediately sent Murongchui to the army, but only gave Murongchui two thousand soldiers and horses, and also sent his uncle brother Yunfeilong to lead a thousand Qiang cavalry. Auxiliary, secretly monitoring Murongchui. In the evening, Murongchui let Murongbao lead the way, and the Dai soldiers walked in the middle. Murongchui's son Muronglong led the army behind. After making the arrangements, Murong Chui let the soldiers around them drum the war drums. Murong Bao and Murong Long immediately commanded the officers and soldiers to attack each other on both sides, and soon wiped out the Dai soldiers and killed the Flying Dragon. After killing Wu Feilong, Zhai Bin led his troops to join Murongchui and attached Murongchui. Zhai Bin persuaded Murong Chui to become emperor. Murong Chui said: "Murong Clan is the orthodoxy of the kingdom of Yan, he is our monarch." He also told his subordinates, "Luoyang is surrounded by enemies on all sides . It is not our base. Take control of the world. "So he led his soldiers to march toward Licheng (now Liyang, Henan), Murongchui claimed to be the general, the governor of the city, the king of Yan, Jianyuan Yanxing, and the history of Houyan.

In January 384, Murong Xing soldiers came to Lincheng City, and the martyrs who guarded Yuncheng sent Jiang out to persuade Murong Chui to withdraw troops early. Murong Cui ignored this uncle, and he said to Jiang Rang, "Go back and tell me, hurry up and leave the army with Wucheng. I will rebuild Yan Kingdom in Wucheng. If he is obsessed, don't blame me for being rude to him." After Murongchui sent Jiang to let go, he wrote another letter to Jian Jian, saying: "I have no talents, causing the former Yan to be a disaster wall. You have no choice but to go to you. You have a deep affection for me. I will never forget it all my life, always thinking about repaying your great gratitude . Last year's defeat of the Eastern Jin Dynasty, I still wholeheartedly support you. For the safety of the former Qin Dynasty, I was ordered to travel north, but I did n’t expect me to let me go The ancestral temple again suspicioned me. The Ding Ling rebellion, I only gave me two thousand soldiers to force me to calm down the rebellion, and also sent the Flying Dragon to secretly monitor and assassinate me. In Luoyang, Xu Hui did not let me enter the city Ding Ling, Zhai Bin, and others saw me as pitiful, and pushed me as the ally, and then the people who fled to me were endless. These are all God's arrangements, not my wishes. In this case, I also deserve it. Moreover, Lucheng is us The capital of Yan Kingdom should be returned to me Although I have surrounded Yuncheng now, I remember your kindness to me. I do n’t want to storm. I hope to handle the transfer procedure calmly. I hope you can leave Yuncheng as soon as possible after reading the letter. It ’s helpless to raise a tiger yourself, but it ’s beyond reach. When Murong saw that Jian Jian and his sons did not eat softly, they came hard and ordered Zhangshui to be blocked and irrigate the city with water. It was not until August 385 that Xun abandoned Qicheng and evacuated to Jinyang, and Murongchui occupied Qicheng.

In December 385, Murong was settled in Zhongshan (now Wangjing Town, Tang County, Hebei, formerly Dingzhou, Hebei). In February 386, Murong was ruled in Zhongshan and rebuilt in Yuan Dynasty. And removed the word "之" beside the name "Chuo" given by his brother Murong Jun, renamed it "Chuo", and changed the word to "Dao Ming".

In October 386, after Captain Xi Yan and Shang Shu ordered Murong Yong to kill his master Murong Zhong , he occupied the eldest son (now Shanxi's eldest son) and became the emperor. Murongchui and Murongyong were originally cousins, but in Murongchui's opinion, Xiyan must be destroyed. At that time, the generals thought that Hou Yan had used troops for many years, and the officers and men were exhausted and unfit to send troops. Only Murong Tzu ’s younger brother Murong De supported the dispatch of Xiyan. He said, "Murong Yong is a branch of the Yan kingdom. How can he tolerate his self-declaration of the emperor and bewitching people! In the long-term interests of Houyan, he should first eliminate Xiyan and unify his heart." . After listening to Murongde's words, Murong smiled and said to everyone, "My idea has been decided, and I will never waver. Although I am almost 70 years old, but with my ingenuity, it is enough to capture the eldest son and seize Murongyong."

In February 394, Murong Chui sent troops to attack Xiyan. After hearing the news, Murong Yong hurriedly concentrated his food on the wall, and then split his troops to fight against the army of Houyan. In August of the same year, Murong Chui captured the eldest son and killed more than 30 people. Later, Murongchui wiped out the Zhai-Wei regime established in Liyang (now Henan Junxian) by his own Henan king, Zhai Liao. At this point, Murongchui basically restored the original territory of the original Yan. The governing areas are now Hebei, Shandong and most of Liaoning, Shanxi, and Henan, becoming the most powerful country in the Central Plains in the late Sixteen Kingdoms.

West Rong was destroyed, and Murong Chui lost sight of it . In May 395, he sent soldiers to Northern Wei. At that time, Sanqi ’s regular servant Gao Hu said violently to Murong Chui: "We and North Wei are in-laws. (The daughter is married to the former monarch Tuoba Shiyijian as his wife.) The Northern Wei Dynasty is also good to us. Why do you use soldiers? Besides, Tuobayu is not a casual person. Do n’t take it lightly. "! At this time, Murong Chui was already stunned by victory. Where would he listen to the advice of others? In order to stop other people's rumors, Murong stopped Gaohu's officials. Subsequently, Prince Rongbao, Murong Nong, and Murong Lin were sent to lead an army of 80,000, and Murongde and Murong Shao led their cavalry to 18,000 to march to the northern Wei state capital Pingcheng (now Shanxi Datong). Houyan and Beiwei held on the banks of the Yellow River for more than 10 days. Due to attempts by the Houyan general Mu Yusong and others to launch a rebellion, Murong Bao had to burn out the battleship and evacuate the battlefield at midnight. Seeing the machine in the Northern Wei Dynasty, they rushed to catch up, defeated the Yan Army in Shenheqi (Yanggao, Shanxi), and surrendered 40,000 to 50,000 people. Thousands of civil and military officials such as Chen Liuwang Murongshao and Guilin Wang Murong Daocheng were killed. The Northern Wei Dynasty's leader, Tuobayu, wanted to release the captured Houyan officers and soldiers, but the central adult Wang Jian said, "Yanzhong is strong, and he is here today. I'm lucky to be a great success. It is advisable; if it is obtained by Kou, it is impossible. " As a result, Tuobayu surrendered 40,000 to 50,000 officers and men to Houyan, killing them all. This was the largest number of killings during the Sixteen Kingdoms period. After Mu Rongbao returned to Houyan, he was stunned by the defeat of Shenhe, so he again requested to send troops to the Northern Wei Dynasty. Murongchui was also frustrated by this battle and promised to attack the Northern Wei Dynasty in a big way in the coming year. In March 396, Murong Chui led the Yan army to leave Zhongshan in secret, crossed the Green Ridge, passed the Tianmen, opened the mountain, and opened the road unexpectedly through the clouds, captured Pingcheng, and captured more than 30,000 people in the Northern Wei Dynasty. When Murongchui left Zhongshan, he was in poor health. After the fall of Pingcheng, he immediately evacuated from Pingcheng with his victory. When passing by, he saw that the bones of tens of thousands of officers and soldiers killed by the Northern Wei Dynasty were piled up like mountains, and the feeling of sadness sprang up. When the soldiers saw the bones, they couldn't help thinking of their father, relatives, and comrades in arms. When Murongchui heard the cry, sadness, anger, sorrow, and resentment came to her heart, vomiting blood, and her condition worsened. When she reached Shanggu (Yi County, Hebei), she was about to die, and he spoke dying a few words. Last words: "How difficult the country is now, the funeral is simplified. In order to prevent the powerful enemy from waiting for trouble, we will send the funeral after the capital." After speaking, he died .

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In June 396, Prince Murong Bao succeeded. In August, the Northern Wei Master Tuoba saw Murong Cui's new death, and after the domestic chaos of Hou Yan, he led an army of 400,000 to attack Hou Yan. In September, Wei Jun captured Houyan's merged state (Taiyuan, Shanxi). In October, Wei Jun went out of Jingtong Pass (Hebei Jingtong) and approached Zhongshan. The Northern Wei army was smashing bamboo all the way, and the Houyan garrison fled or abandoned the city, or fled by the wind, leaving only Chengcheng, Xindu (Hebei County, Hebei) and Zhongshan three cities behind closed doors. In November, Tuobayu personally oversaw Zhongshan for several days, so he changed his strategy, abandoned Zhongshan, and attacked Lucheng and Xindu first. In February 397, Shang Shulang Mu Yuhao conspired with his wife and brother Suni and other close friends in an attempt to kill Murong Bao, and established Zhao Wang Murong Lin as emperor . After Su Ni's report, the plot was revealed, and Mu Yuhao and dozens of accomplices were arrested and killed. Murong Lin fled to Ding Ling. However, most of the city guards and soldiers were under Muronglin's subordinates. Murongbao was afraid of being harmed, and led 10,000 cavalrymen north of the city to return to Longcheng.

After Murong Bao escaped, the officials and the people in Zhongshan City became even more frightened, so he established Taigu Taishou and Kaifeng Gong Murong Xi as the emperor. Murong Xi became the emperor in May, and the Yuan Dynasty was built. Then, he killed the Northern Wei special envoy and Tuoba's brother Tuoba Alas, there are more than one hundred princes and ministers of Murong Bao; Murong Bao's queen is fully occupied by Murong Xiang. He has sex with the girls all day long and does no evil; countless famines in Zhongshan City. In July, Zhao Wang Muronglin, who had fled to Dingling, attacked Zhongshan, beheaded Murong and his party feathers, and beheaded more than 300 people. At this point, Zhongshan City had basically run out of food. Murong Lin allowed the people in the city to go out to gather food and hunger. Within a few days, the national treasury had run out of food. Murong Lin had to send 20,000 soldiers to escape from Zhongshan to eat in the new city. . Wei Jun dug Mu Rongxian's tomb and opened a coffin to kill the corpse; he also captured the murderer who killed Tuobayu and filed thousands of files. At the same time, he sent troops to pursue Muronglin, fighting against the water, and fighting in Yitai. Muronglin failed, took his wife and a belt, entered the Xishan, fled to Yuncheng, and went to Emperor. He was still called King Zhao and trusted in his uncle. Fan Yang Wang Murongde was later executed by Murong for rebellion.

Murong Bao met Jirong (Xi'an Guangmen, Beijing) on the way back to Longcheng, and met with his second son, Murong, at the meeting. Murong will be Murong Bao's sister-in-law. He was versatile and was loved by his grandfather Murong Chui, and was named Qinghe Gong. When Murong set out to discuss the Northern Wei Dynasty and marched into Pingcheng, he was asked to "represent the palace affairs, record government affairs, and treat him as if "Prince", in the minds of all ministers, became the established emperor grandson. At the end of his life, Murong asked Murong Bao to become his prince, but because Murong Bao liked his youngest son, Puyang Gong Murong Ce, he did not do so. Murong would be very dissatisfied. This time Murong came to rescue Zhongshan, progress was very slow, and stayed near Lu Long for more than 3 months, did not advance to Zhongshan, and then repeatedly blamed Murong Bao before slowly entering Jicheng, causing Dissatisfied with many ministers. Therefore, upon meeting with Murong Hui, Murong Bao divided Murong Hui's army to his two younger brothers Murong Nong and Murong Long. He won the military right of Murong. Murong's face was naturally very ugly. Murong Bao saw this. He foretold that leaving Murong would be a scourge in the end, so he told Murong Nong and Murong Long frankly, hoping to get their understanding. . Unexpectedly, both of them said, "Murong is still young. I only know how to coquettish you, and it won't mean anything else. Let's educate it well." The news of Murong's deprivation of military power came out. Murong's barracks was like a flooded oil pan. Officers and soldiers came to Murongbao's residence in unison, and said in unison: "Murong is talented and slightly superhuman. We are willing to He died together. He hoped that His Majesty and the Crown Prince would stay in Jiji Temple temporarily, allowing Murong to take us to lift the Bei Wei siege from Zhongshan, and then come back to pick you up. When Murongbao's ministers saw Murong would be so popular, they were even more jealous of him, so they urged Murongbao to kill Muronghui as soon as possible. But before he had time to do it, Murong would have sent more than 20 strong men and other soldiers, sneaked into Murong Long's account, and killed Murong Long. Later he commanded officers and men to attack Murong Bao. Murong Bao sent Murong Teng to meet Murong Hui. He led a hundred rides, galloped 200 miles, and fled back to Longcheng. Murong would be killed by Murong in detail because he lost dozens of people to Zhongshan City because he lost to Murong Teng.

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In January 398, Murong Bao met and defeated Wei Jun in Longcheng for a second time, and asked him to return to the ambassador of Wucheng, the ambassador of the city. On February 26, Murong Bao did not listen to the advice of the ministers, and decided to let the prince Murong Ce guard the Dragon City. He led the Baiguan south. He set Murong Teng as the former army and Murong Nong as the army, and he led the army. On the way, former Murong Long veterans Duan Sugu, Song Chimei, and others did not want to go south to fight again. They launched a mutiny in Yilian (approximately near Jianchang, Liaoning), killing Lelangwei Wang Murongzhou, Zhongmugong Duanyi and the royal family The kings, the sons of Murong Long, and Murong Chong, the king of Gaoyang. The army moved south, and Murong Bao fled to Murongnong's camp. Murongong surrendered to the rebels and was killed by the chaos. Murong Bao, Murong Sheng , Murong Teng and a few other light riders continued south. Soon, Shang Shulan Khan in Longcheng calmed down the rebellion, killed the rebel leader Duan Sugu, Song Chimei, and others, abolished Murong Chong, and supported the crown prince Murongce. However, when Murong Bao and others arrived in the outskirts of Wucheng, they learned that Wucheng had fallen. Murongde had become the emperor on the slide (now Henan County, Henan), and established Nanyan. Murong Bao had nowhere to hide and had to return to Longcheng. When approaching Longcheng, the ministers accompanying Murong Bao felt that the atmosphere was not right and advised Murong Bao to be cautious. Mu Rongbao has suffered from the displacement for months and just wants to return to Longcheng quickly. Furthermore, he thinks that Lan Khan is his grandfather and his son Murong Sheng's father-in-law. . Unexpectedly, Mu Rongbao was killed by Lan Han's brother Lan Nan (also known as Kanan) when he arrived at Somo Khan, a mansion of Lan Han 40 kilometers away from Longcheng. Later, Lan Khan killed Prince Murongce and more than a hundred people.

In April 398, Lan Khan became the emperor, claiming to be the Governor, General, Dadanyu, and King Changli, who changed to Qinglong. Because Lan Khan's daughter married Murong Sheng as his wife, under the pleading of his wife and daughter, Lan Khan did not kill him, and served him as a waiter and a doctor named Zuo Guanglu. In July, Murong Sheng used the diaspora to make the Lan Khan brothers attack each other. Lan Khan was killed by Murong Sheng's relatives, including Li Han, Wei Shuang, and others. Murong Sheng renamed King Changle and changed Yuan Jianping. In October, Murong Sheng was the emperor, and the year was changed to Changle; his aunt, Duan, was the empress, and her aunt Ding (wife of Murong's eldest son, Murong Ling) was the queen of Xianzhuang. Murong Sheng's wife, Lan, was supposed to be queen, but because of his father Lan Khan, he could not be queen, and was still called a concubine, but Murong Sheng did not establish a queen. In 400 years, Murong Sheng ’s biological mother, Duan ’s mother, died. Murong Sheng respected her aunt Ding as the empress queen and established Murong as the prince. In August 401, Murong Sheng was killed by former general Duan Ji (nephew of Murong Sheng's biological mother) during the mutiny and reigned for three years.

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Demystified: How did Houyan go down?

Houyan (384-407) was one of the Xianbei Murong's swans during the Sixteen Kingdoms period. The founder was the fifth son of the former Yan civilization, Murongyu, Murongchui, both in Zhongshan (now Dingzhou, Hebei), and later moved to Long. The city (now Chaoyang, Liaoning), in its heyday, there were now Hebei, Shandong and most of Liaoning, Shanxi, and Henan. In 384, Murongchui claimed to be the King of Swallows in Poyang (now Poyang, Henan) and established the post-swallow. Houyan was strong in the early stage, once defeated the Eastern Jin Dynasty, defeated the former Qin Dynasty, and defeated Xiyan, but Houyan lost to the Northern Wei in the 395-year battle of joining together. Since then, Yan has been divided into two , and has fallen into disappointment. Houyan moved his capital to Longcheng. At this time, Houyan was in chaos and was eventually replaced by Beiyan in 407. There are seven monarchs in the post-yan calendar for a total of 23 years.

After Murong Sheng's death, his prince, Murong Ding, should have inherited the throne, but Murong Ding was still a child at the time. Murong Bao's fourth son and Pingyuan Murong Yuan were the most suitable candidates. However, the Empress Dowager Ding did not agree, and Muronghui's youngest son Murongxi had a private relationship with him, and he embraced Murongxi.

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Hee word Tao Wen, weeping son. The first king of the river. The difficulty of Duan Sugu was caused by the kings. Xi Su was dear to Gao Yang Wang Chong, so he was spared. Lan Khan's usurper also regards Xi as the Liao Donggong and prepares the ancestral worship. Sheng Chu was ascended the throne, and he descended from the rank of lord, admiring the Chinese and foreign military forces, the generals riding horses, and Shu Shu shooting at the left to lead the leader. From Zheng Gaoju, Qidan, all brave champions. Sheng said: "My uncle has a strong fruit and a strong ancestor, but Honglue is not as good as the ear."

And Sheng Sheng, his queen mother Ding Shi, how difficult it is to the country, should set up Changjun. The crowds are all in the plains, and Ding means Hee, and then he destroys Prince Edward and welcomes Hee to the palace. The ministers persuaded to enter, Xi gave way to Yuan, Yuan Gu gave way to Xi, and Xi then reigned. His ministers Duan Wei, Qin Xing, etc., and the three ethnic groups. Yuan died with suspicion. Yuan word Daoguang , the fourth son of Bao also. The death of Shao Shu has been changed, and the Yuan Dynasty was changed to Guangshi, and the North Yantai was changed to a large single on the platform.

At the beginning, Xi Xi was in Ding's, so he stood. And fortunately, noble people, Ding's resentment curses, and his brother Qi Bingshang Shuxin letter to dispose of Xi. Hearing it, he was so angry that he forced Ding's order to commit suicide.

Xi Xun was in Beiyuan, and Shi Cheng Ling Gao He killed Si Li's captain Zhang Xian. Xi led his ride back, and all the others cast their sticks, and Xi entered it. So he introduced Zhou Jun and Shan Yu Ba Bu to the old palace in Donggong.

The building of Longteng Garden is more than ten miles wide, and there are 20,000 inmates. Qijing Yunshan is in the garden, five hundred steps from Jiguang, and the peak is seventeen feet high. There are also Xiaoyao Palace and Ganlu Hall, with hundreds of rooms, and the Pavilion meets. Dig the Tianhe Canal to divert water into the palace. For his Zhaoyi Yan family, he curved Guanghai and a cool pond. In the summer and summer, soldiers and soldiers are not allowed to rest. Xixi swims in the south of the city, under the big willow tree, if anyone shouts, "The king is the only one."

Established Guigui's queen, and Amnesty died.

Xi Xi attacked Khitan and broke it.

Zhao Yi's death died, and the pseudo-queen queen. Presented to Momo Dazai, the public document. The second wife was beautiful and beautiful, so she banqueted a little, and Xi Fu's forbidden too. Please follow me. At the beginning, Zhaoyi had a disease, and Wang Cheng, a Longcheng man, said that he could cure it. He died shortly afterwards. He stood on the door of the bus and then burned it. After that, he had a good tour of the fields, and he followed it. He climbed the Bailu Mountain in the north, crossed the Green Ridge in the east, and the sea in the south. The people were suffering. He would gossip about Kou Yan County, killing more than a hundred people. Xi Fa Gao Juying, with the Clan from, as a rushing tunnel to attack Liaodong. Xi Yue said: "Being at the level of Ping Kou City, you should enter with the queen, and you will not board the soldiers first." Therefore, the city was prepared for attack. It will rain and snow, and many soldiers die.

Fengyang Gate, which is to be erected as Hongguang Gate, is three-tiered.

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Xi and Ji's attacked Khitan, and stunned its public prosperity. He returned, and Ji's Buddha listened, then abandoned the weight, and attacked Gaojuji, and traveled for more than three thousand miles. Attack the wooden city, and return without fail.

Kill all the treasures. Feicheng is as good as the army, with Qiu Nini as the general of the east of the town, Yingzhou assassination history, Zhensu army, Shangyong as the general of the west of the town, Youzhou assassination history, Zhenling branch; The history of Jizhou thorns, such as Zhenfei.

Cheng Huadian was built for the Clan family, Gao Chengguang doubled, and the soil was at the North Gate. Dian Jun Du Jing contained a coffin, and the letter was extremely stingy. Hee angry, cut it. Chang's tasted Jixiasi frozen fish bream, mid-winter must be born with Rehmannia glutinosa. The Clan's death, Xi's sorrow, and if he was mourned, he held his corpse and stroked him: "The body has become cold, and the life has broken off!" The big converge was stubborn, reopened its coffin and handed over. Take chop soup, eat porridge. Controlling a hundred clerks cried in the palace and convinced Salmon. Those who had cried for the investigation of the case had tears that thought they were loyal and filial piety, and that there was no crime, so the ministers were terrified. Murong Long's wife, Zhang Family, is also full of beauty, with ingenuity. Xi will think that the concubine's concubine wants to kill him with sin, but destroys his boots, and there are disadvantages in it, and he is given death. The three women scratched their heads and begged, Xi He forbid. The system of public officials has been sent to the people, led the households tombs, and collected by Feifu House. Xiayu Sanquan, lost a few miles in the week, inside the picture is still sitting in eight books. Xi said: "Be good for it, I will enter this tomb later." The conscious person thought it was ominous. His right servant shoots Wei Yan and waits for him, bathing and waiting to die. The tomb of No. 曰 said Zheng Pingling. Xi was apprehended and Bu Cong was mourned. The car was so tall that it came out of the north gate. The elder stole said: " Murong's self-destructing his door will soon be."

Zhong Wei General Feng Ba and Zuo Wei General Zhang Xing both died and ran to death. They allied themselves with the abuse of Xi Zheng and 22 people including Bu Cong brother Wan Ni. They mainly admired Rong Yun and sent more than 5,000 disciples. Behind closed doors. Zhong Huangmen Zhao Luosheng rushed to tell him, Xi said: "This rat steals its ears, but I should also be the one." It is to send and receive Guan Jia, Chi is still in trouble. Night to Longcheng, defeated the North Gate, failed, then went into Longtengwan, micro clothing hidden in the forest, as persuaded by the clouds, and his sons with the same city north. Twenty-three years, six years in office. Yun was buried in the Tomb of the Shi Family, and the Emperor Zhaowen was pseudo- 谥.

Standing in the eighth year of Emperor Xiaowu Taiyuan, it reached the fourth year of Xixi, and in the twenty-fourth year, it was destroyed by the Emperor Yixi in three years. At the beginning, the nursery rhyme said: "A bunch of crickets, two heads, and bald children come to destroy swallows." There are grass on the word, and there are grasses on the bottom. Yun's father was named, with a small head bald, three sons, and Yun Ji also. Xi was destroyed by the cloud, like rumors.

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After the destruction of the 400,000 army of the Northern Wei Dynasty, why did Murong Nong lose the river?

In November of the eleventh year of the Northern Wei Dynasty (396 years), the seriously injured Wang Yan Liao Wang Murongnong returned to Zhongshan, the capital. He brought bad news: "Jinyang was occupied by the Northern Wei." He led a 400,000 infantry cavalry, and the soldiers divided into three routes, competing for the Central Plains . Jinyang bears the brunt. After Yan Sima Mu Yusong attacked Murongnong, he closed the gate and dropped Wei. The Northern Wei Dynasty and Houyan both played Xianbei and were married in the world. Why did they tear their faces and fight?

At the beginning of the Northern Wei Dynasty, Houyan always stood on the side of Tuoba, supporting and helping Tuoba to settle the rebellious tribes. As the Northern Wei's national strength gradually increased, it repeatedly violated the tribe that belonged to Houyan. Relations between the two countries have plummeted, conflicts have intensified, and it is inevitable that soldiers and soldiers will meet each other.

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Houyan's new owner, Murong Bao, was shocked by Jinyang's fall. He summoned the group ministers in Dongtang to discuss countermeasures. Zhongshan Yin Yimo's monk Shu Feng advocates keeping the gate by risk and rejecting the enemy outside the country. Zhao Wang Mu Ronglin and Zhong Shu Ling Xuan advocated that the wall be clear and that the battle be protracted. Murong Bao chose the latter. He surrendered his military power to Murong Lin, abandoned small cities, clung to large cities, and built up grain to prepare for a protracted battle with the Northern Wei Dynasty. Murong Bao's decision is the most reasonable. Among the two military defense options, the weaker side often chooses the second option, which is also helpless and sad for Hou Yan.

The Wei army was like bamboo shoots , and counties and counties surrendered the Northern Wei Dynasty. Officials at all levels either fled or surrendered. According to Murong Lin's defense plan, Houyan soldiers and civilians resolutely defended the city and retreated to the three cities of Zhongshan, Wucheng and Xindu, trying to trade space for time. The progress of the incident is fully in line with Muronglin's plan in advance, and Hou Yan is waiting for the moment when the Northern Wei Dynasty showed a flaw.

Hou Yan's opportunity quickly appeared, and more than once. Zhongshan, Wucheng, and Xin were unable to attack for a long time, and the X factors that affected the fighting power of the Northern Wei Army began to ferment. Gonghe Lu, a member of the West Liaoning Reinforcement, relied on Tuobayi's status and resigned due to the identity of the state. What's more serious is that adults from other parts of the Northern Wei Dynasty had no root for being jealous of Tuoba and surrendered after surrender. Murong Bao was overjoyed , and Jinfeng Zhendong Town was defeated. No enthusiasm and eagerness, demanded a night attack on the Beiwei camp.

Murong Bao only gave him more than a hundred cavalry. Wu Gen performed an excellent "Infernal Affairs" and killed the army's large account, but unfortunately there were too few men and women, and the lead soldier retreated. Murong Bao did not have Cao Cao 's strategy, and the battle of Guandu failed to reproduce the battlefield.

Ugan's nephew, Ugti, was a prisoner in Bianzhou. Hearing that Ugan had surrendered, Yan was afraid of being implicated. He simply pulled the army back to the savannah and launched a rebellion. The Helan Ministry, the Neighbor Ministry, and the Ministry also joined the rebel team. For the Northern Wei Dynasty, the situation was very unfavorable.

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At this point, the letter came with good news. Under the fierce offensive of the Northern Wei army, Xindu keeps Murongfeng away and flees, Xindu surrenders to Northern Wei. A multiple-choice question was placed in front of Tuobayu. Whether to fight or withdraw? Tuobayu weighed again and again and decided to take his younger brother Tuobayu as a hostage and ask Yan to make peace. Murong Bao unexpectedly rejected Bei Wei's request.

In early February, Tuoba hurriedly withdrew his troops. According to Hou Yan's strategic deployment, it is time to fight back. Murong Bao used the palace maids and treasures as rewards, recruited more than 10,000 death squads, mainly bandits and robbers, and recruited 120,000 infantry and 40,000 cavalry, stationed in Baizhuang (now Quyang County, Hebei Province), and was on the northern bank of Luohe Set up a battalion to intercept the Northern Wei army. A decisive battle related to the fate of Houyan started.

On the 9th day of February, Wei Jun arrived at Luohe. Murong Bao led more than 100,000 Houyan troops to surround the Northern Wei army, and the daredevil team attacked the northern Wei camp at night as a striker. The daredevil team entered the camp of the Northern Wei Dynasty, set fire in the wind, and chopped everybody, and the Wei army made a mess. Tuobayu woke up in his sleep, barefoot and escaped from the camp. Yan rushed over 100 people to the army's account, and found Tuoba's clothes and boots.

Murong Bao, wearing a hood, covering a fox fur crotch, kicking high-top buckskin boots, immediately rushed to the bank of the river, watching nervously the actions of the vanguard. The situation was particularly favorable for Houyan. Murong Bao held heavy soldiers but did not order an attack. The two armies fought and the situation faded. Tuobayu carefully observed and found that in the flames of the air, Houyan's army actually killed each other in order to compete for property. Tuobayu seized the opportunity, drummed up Wei Jun, and inserted torches outside the camp, allowing Wei Jun cavalry to impact Yan Jun, and the death squad defeated. For the second time, Hou Yan missed the chance to defeat the Northern Wei Dynasty.

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The next day, Wei Jun braved the storm and stormed Murongbao Camp. After the fierce battle last night, the morale of the Houyan army was low, and they were defeated repeatedly. Mu Rongbao was timid and cowardly. He led 20,000 horses to abandon the army and fled. In order to rush back to Zhongshan lightly, Murongbao ordered the army to discard all weapons, armor and weight. After the journey, Yan soldiers trampled on each other, corpses were everywhere, countless freezers, and more than 100,000 people were captured.

After participating in the two decisive battles of Hehe and Baisi, Houyan's army lost everything. It was only a matter of time before the country was destroyed. "It is imperative to take blame for God's sake." The difference in personal capabilities determines the outcome of this war. One soldier, one raging, one raging, Mu Rongbao's command was improper, and ruined Houyan's National Games.

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Revealing the Secret of the Founding Emperor: Qian Yan, Nan Yan, Hou Yan, Bei Yan

1. Former Yan, Former Yan (337-370) was a regime established by the leader of the Xianbei aristocracy, Murong Yu, during the Sixteen Kingdoms Period. The areas under its heyday included Jizhou, Chenzhou, Qingzhou, Bianzhou, Yuzhou, Xuzhou, Youzhou and other parts. Three masters and three masters, a total of thirty-four years. Former Yan took its place as the old land of Yan State during the Warring States Period, so the country name was "Yan".

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Qian Yan

1. The founding emperor, huang (huang, 297-October 25, 348), is the former emperor of the civilization of Yan, the character is true, the small is ten thousand years, Changli Jicheng (now Liaoning Yi County), Xianbei, The third son of the Rongdong Emperor Murong in the Western Jin Dynasty, the founder of the former Yan during the Sixteen Kingdoms period. Reign 337-348 years and 12 years. During the reign, the emperor broke into Maruto, the capital of Gogugo, Murong digs the tomb of Gao Zhao ’s father, Gao Yifuli, and uses his body to carry his body, his mother's wife and treasures , looting more than 50,000 men and women, and burning Gao Zhao's palace room destroyed Maruto and returned.

2. The last emperor , Murong Yi (wěi, 350-384), the former Yanyou Emperor (reigned 360-370 years), the characters Jingmao, Xianbei, Changli Jicheng (now Liaoning Yixian), The third son of former Yan Jingzhao Emperor Murong Jun, the mother queen can be Hunshi, the former emperor of the last Yan during the Sixteen Kingdoms period. In the end, he surrendered to Jian Jian and moved to Changan. In 384, he planned to kill Qian Jian and was found to be killed by Qian Jian in advance.

Second, Nan Yan

Nan Yan, one of the 16 countries during the Sixteen Kingdoms Period, was built by Murongde . Built in 398 in 398. The part that ruled today Shandong and Henan is called Nanyan in history. Twelve years of the Second Lord.

1. The founding emperor, Murongde (336-October 18, 405), later renamed Murong Beide, the word Xuanming, Changli Jicheng (now Yi County, Liaoning), Xianbei, the younger son of the former Yan civilization, Murongyu, His mother-in-law, Sun, former Yan Jingzhao Emperor Murong Jun , and later Yan Chengwu Emperor Murong Chui were all his brothers, the founding emperors of Nanyan during the Wuhu and Sixteen Kingdoms. Reigned 398-405 years for a total of 8 years.

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2. The last emperor, Murong Chao (384-410), the word Zu Ming, the nephew of Nan Yanxian Wu Emperor Murong De, the son of Beihai Wang Mu, the last emperor of Nanyan during the Sixteen Kingdoms period. Born in Xiqiao, he was born in Murong and ruined aristocracy. He ascended the throne in 405 AD (5 years in office) and was defeated and cut.

Houyan

Houyan (384-409) was a country established by the Xianbei Murong Family during the Sixteen Kingdoms period. The founder was the fifth son of the former Yan civilization, Murongye Murongchui, both Zhongshan (now Dingzhou, Hebei), and later moved to Longcheng (Now Chaoyang, Liaoning). At its heyday, most of Hebei, Shandong and Liaoning, Shanxi, and Henan were present. There are seven masters in the post-Yan calendar, twenty-four years in total.

1. The founding emperor, Murongchui, Emperor Yancheng Wu Murongchui (November 4, 326-June 2, 396), the word Daoming (one said the word Daoye, Shuren), formerly known as Ba, Xianbei Dun . Murong Jun was named "名" when he was in office, and later changed to vertical. The Xianbei people of Changli Jicheng (now Yi County, Liaoning). After the Sixteen Kingdoms, Yan opened the monarchy. The fifth son of the former Yan Wenci Emperor Murong Yu, the biological mother Lan Shuyi.

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2. The last emperor, Murong Yun (? -409), the word Ziyu, formerly known as Gao Yun, was the adoptive son of Emperor Huirong Emperor Murong Bao, the last emperor of Emperor Houyan during the Sixteen Kingdoms Period (the first state was the founder of the Northern Yan State) Emperor), reigned from 407 to 409. The dead one was more interesting. He selected a group of strong samurai as his confidants and minions. He was later killed by his close relatives Liban and Taoren.

4. North Yan Beiyan (407-436) was a regime established by the vassal Han Chinese Feng Ba during the Sixteen Kingdoms. Two generations, 29 years in total.

1. The founding emperor, Feng Ba (? -430 years), from the beginning of the text, begging for small print, Changle Xindu (now Hebei Jizhou), the monarch of Beiyan during the Sixteen Kingdoms period, ascended the throne in 409 AD (21 years in his reign) ).

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2. The last emperor, Feng Hong (? 438), the character Wentong, Changle Xindu (now Hebei Jizhou), the younger brother of Emperor Feng Ba, the emperor of Northern Yan, the emperor of Northern Yan during the Sixteen Kingdoms period. He was the throne of his nephew. Six years in office. In 436 AD, the Northern Wei Dynasty attacked the North Yanbing City , Feng Hong was forced to flee to Goguryeo, and was killed by King Goguryeo two years later.

The four countries called the "Swallows" of the sixteen countries are basically Murong families, and the last one was the founding of Murong's family members, which is relatively rare in Chinese history.

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Conclusion

Zhong Wei General Feng Ba and Zuo Wei General Zhang Xing both died and ran to death. They allied themselves with the abuse of Xi Zheng and 22 people including Bu Cong brother Wan Ni. They mainly admired Rong Yun and sent more than 5,000 disciples. Behind closed doors. Zhong Huangmen Zhao Luosheng rushed to tell him, Xi said: "This rat steals its ears, but I should also be the one." It is to send and receive Guan Jia, Chi is still in trouble. Night to Longcheng, defeated the North Gate, failed, then went into Longtengwan, micro clothing hidden in the forest, as persuaded by the clouds, and his sons with the same city north. Twenty-three years, six years in office. Yun was buried in the Tomb of the Shi Family, and the Emperor Zhaowen was pseudo- 谥.

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