在线一本码道高清

"

Jin State

"

Emperor Xi Jin of the Western Jin Dynasty surrendered before Zhao , the emperor of the Jin Dynasty vacated. King Nanzong and King Sima Bao of the Kingdom of Sects each have the heart of emperor, but at this time Sima Rui became emperor in 318 and established the Eastern Jin Dynasty. In the next year (319), Sima Baosui was named King of Jin, changed Yuan to Kang, set up a hundred officials, disobeyed Yuan Sima Rui, and resisted the court with his court.

Jin State

The Kingdom of the Jin Dynasty-the regime between the Jin Dynasty

Regime at the Turn of Jin Dynasty: History of Jin Dynasty

The Kingdom of Jin (883 ~ 923 AD) was a regime established by Li Ke in the late Tang Dynasty and the early period of the Five Dynasties. Some historians call it "the former Jin". It is the predecessor of the post-Tang Dynasty , both of Taiyuan, with 2 masters, and long-term land It is located in the middle and north of Shanxi and Hebei.

In 883 AD, the leader of Shatuo Li Ke used the court to settle the Huang Chao 's chaos, and he was appointed as the envoy of Hedong. In 891, Li Ke was named Jin king and established Jin state, both of which were Taiyuan. Because Li Keyong had a deep hatred with Zhu Wen , Jin and Houliang fought for a long time. In 908, Li Ke died and his son Li Cunzhen succeeded. In 923, he was named emperor, the country was named Tang, and the history was called the post-Tang dynasty. In December of the same year, after the fall of the rear beam, the capital was Luoyang.

image.png

During the three years of the reign of Emperor Tang Zongzong (883), Li Keyong was appointed by the court as Hedong Jiedong because he helped the court to calm down the Huang Chao uprising.

In February of the second year of Tang Dashun (891), Li Ke used rebirth as the envoy of Hedong Jiedong and King of Longxi County. In November, Jiafeng became the king of Jin, and the Jin state was established in Taiyuan. Some historians call this regime "the former Jin". Because Li Keyong had a deep hatred with Zhu Wen, there was a long battle between Jin and Houliang.

image.png

Emperor Tang Ai was four years old (907), and Liang Wang Zhu Wen usurped Tang as emperor, changed the name to Kaiping, and the country was called "beam". With the banner of the Tang Dynasty, Li Ke continued to use the "Tianyou" year of the Tang Dynasty to continue his confrontation with the back beam.

Jin is in a weak position in the confrontation with Houliang. In the second year of Kaiping Hou and five years of Jin Tianyou (908), Li Ke died of illness, and his 24-year-old son Li Cunzhen was appointed King of Jin.

After Li Cunzhen came to power, he inherited his father's will and worked hard to make it happen. In 910, Zhu Wen attempted to completely destroy Zhao Xiao and Peiping Guo's two small fan towns, and sent troops to attack Zhao Di. King Zhao and Chengde made Wang Yi unable to resist the attack of the back beam and advanced forward for help. At the same time, King Peiping and Yiwu Jiedushi Wang Chuzhi also sent envoys to express their willingness to return to Jin. Li Cunyu seized the opportunity to send a large army to rescue Zhao, and fight with Liang Jun in Baixiang, Liang was defeated. After the Battle of Baixiang, Zhao and Peiping both belonged to the former Jin, making the power of the former Jin gradually stronger.

In the first year of the dying of the back beam (911), Liu Shouguang, king of Yan and Youzhou Jiedushi (also known as Lulong Jiedushi), became emperor, changed to Yingtian, the country was called "big swallow," and the history was called "swallow." Liu Shouguang's self-reliance made the world dissatisfied, coupled with Liu Shouguang's brutal rule, it was not popular. Li Cunzhen then attacked the kingdom of Yan in the name of betrayal again. In 913, he died in the former Jin Dynasty and killed Liu Shouguang.

image.png

In 915, the posthumous envoy of Emperor Liang Tianxiong and the emperor Yang Shihou died. The Emperor Emperor Liang attempted to divide Weibo into two towns, which aroused the dissatisfaction of Weibo officers and soldiers. After a series of battles, Weibo states were owned by the former Jin. Since then, all three towns in Heshuo have been brought under the rule of the former Jin, which has reversed the situation of Liang Jin and changed Jin from a weak party to a strong party.

In 921, Zhao was in chaos. Zhao Wang and Wang Ye were killed by his adopted son Zhang Wenli. Li Cunzhen sent an army to fight against him. Zhang Wenli died of illness. In 922, the Jin Army captured Zhao Guodu's cities and towns, killing Zhang Wenli's son Zhang Chujin, and since then Zhao Di completely owned Jin. In April 923, Li Cunzhen was named emperor, with "Tang" as his country name, changed Yuan Tongguang, and historically known as "later Tang". In December of the same year, Houliang was destroyed and Luoyang was the capital.

Disclaimer: The above content originates from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If you infringe your original copyright, please let us know and we will delete the related content as soon as possible.

...see more
Which of Jin and Qin is better? If Jin is not divided into three Qin can get the world?

On the road of Qin's unification of China, it seems that a country can be seen in several major battles during the Spring and Autumn Period, and it is also the same in the countries that had caused Qin to suffer during the Warring States Period. Once the shadow of the Big Mac.

This country is Jin Kingdom. We all know that Jin Kingdom no longer existed in the late Warring States Period. Han, Zhao, and Wei divided the Jin into three powers. These three forces are called the Three Jins, and the so-called Three Jins are also powerful nations. Wei between the three kingdoms was Qin's east neighbor. He often defeated Qin, and as a result, he seized the "land of Hexi", a large piece of land between the Yellow River and Beiluoshui, and built a number of city walls there. As for Zhao Guo , let alone, the only country in the late Warring States period that could challenge Qin Guo was Zhao Guo.

image.png

So how did this Jin country come from, how powerful was it, and why was it divided up in the end. Let's briefly sort it out today.

Jin Shu 's first monarch Tang Shuyu was the son of Zhou Wu Wang Jifa . At the beginning, his country name was Tang. When Tang Shuyu's son Xun took over, he changed his country name to Jin.

The rise of Jin State began during the Jinxian Gong period, and almost reached the strongest princes at that time. What Chu State , Qin State, Qi State, etc. were conquered by him, showing how powerful it is.

Let's take a look at several major battles in the process of Jin's domination.

image.png

Battle of the City: In 632 BC, King Chu Cheng and the princes besieged the Song Kingdom. Song asked Jin for help. Jin State did not directly rescue, but first attacked Cao and Wei, who were allied with Chu. In the end, the two nations of Jin and Chu fought the first battle of Central Plains hegemony in Weicheng. Jin Wengong fulfilled the promise of "exiting from the three houses" promised by the exiled Chu State in that year, which made the Jin army retreat and avoid the sharp edge of the Chu army. Ziyu ignored King Chucheng's warning and led his army into the army. He was wiped out by the Jin army. The battle ended with the defeat of the Chu army. This is the war with Chu.

The battle for food: In 627 BC, Wen Gong died and Xiang Gong was ascended to the throne. Mu Gong of Qin Kingdom saw that the new emperor of Jin Kingdom had just come to power, and took the opportunity to send troops to attack Jin. The Jin Xianggong led his army to annihilate more than 30,000 people from the Qin Army who attacked Zheng Guo on the Laoshan Mountain in Jin Dynasty. This was a famous ambush and annihilation battle. After this war, Qin and Jin often exchanged troops, and Jin Guo strongly restrained Qin Mu 's ambition to dominate the Central Plains. This is a war with Qin.

Battle of Puppet : In 589 BC, Jin Guo ’s ruling secretary, Chen Ke , revenge on Qi Guo ’s humiliation. Lu and Wei turned to Qi for help, eventually defeating Qi Guo. However, Ke wanted to make Qi Guo surrender Qi Qinggong's mother as a condition for reconciliation. As a result, Qi Guo refused, and finally reconciled. Since then, Qi Qinggong went to Jin, "want to respect Jin Jinggong as king, Jing Gong did not dare." This is a war with Qi.

image.png

Battle of Fuling: In 575 BC, Zheng Guo disregarded the covenant with Jin State and instead formed an alliance with Chu State. Luan Shu suggested sending troops to defeat Zheng. In this war, the Jin Army inspected warplanes and cleverly commanded and defeated the two countries' allied forces that had been fighting Chu for a long time in the Central Plains and their alliance with Zheng Guo, further consolidating their dominant position in the Central Plains. The Jin State captured the Prince Prince Chu's son-in-law, and the King of the Chu Kingdom was also shot blind; Zheng Jiangtang Gou fought to protect Zheng Chenggong and flee. This was the war between Jin and Chu and Zheng.

After this war, the Jin Guoba industry reached its peak.

So how was Jin Guo divided up?

The main reason for this was the massacre of Jin nationalities. What is a clan, a family member with the same surname. In the process of hegemony in the Jin Dynasty, it was almost to fight the war while clearing the clan inward.

There is a saying in history that the Jin Wugong clan is that the uncles, uncles, cousins, cousins of the Jin monarchs no longer exist. Why? All were killed, for fear of threatening the monarch's status. This is a very cruel practice, but it is effective for the monarch himself. In the history of China, there are many things that have taken place among his brothers and elders. And this monarch later in Jin Dynasty was actually snatched from his clan by force.

The man who won the monarch was the father of Jin Xiangong. After he killed the monarch of Jin State, he made Jin Xiangong's great grandfather become the monarch.

After Jinxian became the monarch, he faced a big problem. He himself became the monarch by rebellion. There were many descendants in the family of the former monarch who was killed. You killed the father and took the throne, but The father is dead and his son is still there. These sons are all called clan, rich and powerful and have land. The presence of these people naturally threatens the throne of Jin Xiangong. Therefore, eight years after the offering of the Gong, Jin Xiangong ordered the slaughter, killing a large number of sons of the Jin Dynasty, so the killing of the same surname, the Gong tribe is gone.

Who does Jin nationality without a clan rely on to buy his life for the monarch? If you kill the same surname, someone must come to power. If the same surname is gone, you must let some capable aliens stand up to work. So in this competition South Korea, Zhao and Wei won, and eventually they were awarded points.

History has no if, but there are always people willing to make assumptions. When future generations look at the history of Qin's unification of China, they always inevitably ask, if the three families did not divide Jin, then the first to reunify China would be Qin.

Indeed, if Jin State is not separated, the possibility of its unification with China still exists. If the Jin centralization movement is successful, Jin country will not only hope to unify China, but it may be many years earlier than Qin unification.

Disclaimer: The above content originates from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If you infringe your original copyright, please let us know and we will delete the related content as soon as possible.

...see more
Why did Jin Kingdom, who dominated the Central Plains, split?

As we all know, during the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, it was divided into the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. The dividing line was the three divisions of Jin and Tian's Dai Qi. Among them, "Tian's Dai Qi" caused the Jiang family who was once the king's family to lose. After the kingdom was replaced by the domestic aristocracy Tian, the "three families divided Jin" were as the four Qing princes in charge of the kingdom, and they were tormented each other. The Zhao, Wei, and Han tribes wiped out the Zhi clan, and later divided up the Jin monarchy , Established the three kingdoms of Zhao Wei and Han .

Someone once inferred that if the Jin Kingdom that dominated the Central Plains did not move towards division, then the Qin Kingdom would be locked in the Guan Dynasty by the unified Jin Kingdom and could not go east. If the Jin Dynasty had a bright king, then the Jin Kingdom at the center of the world, the North The weak Yan country can be destroyed, the poor Qin country can be destroyed in the west, the southern Chu country can be eroded by the south, and the wealthy Qi country can be intimidated by the east. Unfortunately, there is no hypothesis in history. The Jin state finally splits. After the split, the Jin state became the Three Jins. The Qin State could not be locked in the middle. Instead, it was broken by the Qin State one by one and became a stepping stone to the east of the Qin State.

So why did Jin Kingdom, who dominated the Central Plains, finally split? Where did the last monarch of Jin Kingdom go?

image.png

Let ’s take a look first. Why did Jin Kingdom, who dominated the Central Plains, finally split?

In the final analysis, the Jin Dynasty was divided. The Qing clan is strong, but the clan as a clan is weak!

The division system at the beginning of the Western Zhou Dynasty was "Tianzi founding the country, layer by layer". Tianzi divided the princes and granted the land and the people. The princes also divided the clan's children as doctors, granted the doctors the land and the people, and made them hold important positions. Or master military power. This situation abounds in other vassal states. For example, Qin Xiaogong made his brother-in-law to be the general of the Qin kingdom, and led the nation's army and horses; King Qin Huiwen let his brother-in-law to replace his uncle's father-in-law as the general of the Qin kingdom. Take control of the military power and let another younger brother, son Hua, become the general and open up the country for Qin Kingdom ; King Chu Qingxiang worshipped his younger brother, son Lan, as Ling Yin (equivalent to Xianguo), forcing the old royal court Qu Yuan ; Wei Wangbai The son-in-law is Doctor Qing, who leads the administration of the court; King Qi Wei made his younger brother, son-in-law, a relative. After the son-in-law's death, he worshipped his nephew, the son-in-law, as a relative .... There are countless examples, but the Jin Dynasty is an exception. !

The impertinent Jin Xiangong forced Prince Sishen to death in the " Rebellion of Jiji", forced his son, Yiwu to leave Jin, and massacred the royal family, which greatly reduced the power of the royal family, and he no longer appoints his father and grandson as doctors. , History called "Jin Wu Gong". Later, the emperor of the Jin Kingdom became weak due to the strength of the clan, and was already unable to support the government, so he used a large number of ministers of the opposite sex to assist the government. When the Jinwengong was formed, the Liu Qing system was formed. Since then, the Qing people have become stronger and stronger. It is the rise and fall of the river that began to control the Jin Dynasty. By the time of Ding Jingong , the Fan and Zhongxing clans were gradually declining, and under the influence of the other four major Qing clan, they ceased to exist and Liu Qing evolved into Si Qing.

When the emperor was promoted , the four Daqing clan fought openly. After several years of war, the arrogant Zhi family was destroyed. The three families of Zhao Wei and Han divided up Zhi's fiefdom and the monarchy. The Zhou royal family recognized the princehood of the three families. .

image.png

The history goes like this:

In 453 BC, the three families of Zhao Weihan wiped out the ruling Zhishi, and they were recruited by Qilu to defeat the three families. They were defeated, and they died on the way to escape.

In 403 BC, the king of Zhou Weilie named Zhao Wei, Han and Han as princes, but at this time there were still dozens of cities including Quwo and Qiang.

In 376 BC, Jin Jinggong was ousted by Zhao Weihan's three houses, the Jin State Office was destroyed in one fell swoop, the monarch's territory was divided up, and the Jin State was perished.

image.png

So, where did the last monarch of Jin State go?

From ancient times to the present, the fate of the deceased king has always been very bumpy, as has Jin Jinggong, the last king of the Jin Dynasty. At the beginning of the reign of Jin Jinggong, the three families of Zhao Weihan and Han Dynasty had become princes. They were no longer ministers of the Kingdom of Jin. In the second year of the throne, they were dismissed by the three families of Zhao Weihan.

Because of the conflicts between Zhao Wei and Han's three families, there was a lot of conflict, and Jin Jinggong, the king of the country, suffered. After the death of Jin State , Jin Jinggong was placed in Tunliu of Wei State . In the sixteenth year of Zhao Chenghou , South Korea captured Wei Guotun and moved to Jin Duanshi. In the first year of Zhao Suhou , Zhao Guo captured South Korea's Duanshi and transferred Jin Jinggong returned to Tunliu.

As for the last whereabouts of the dying king, there is a vague record in " Historical Records "-"Ten years of Zhaohou, Han Jizhen ’s mourner." The Zhaohou here should be Han Zhaohou , and the mourning here Gong is by no means Han Zhaohou, nor is Jin Jinggong who has long since died, only Jin Jinggong who may have no place to live. In other words, Jin Jinggong, the last monarch of the Kingdom of Jin, most likely died in the hands of his own concubine, and this concubine was also a nail inserted by Jin Jinggong who had already lost power. After all, Jinggong died in the hands of San Jin!

Disclaimer: The above content originates from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If you infringe your original copyright, please let us know and we will delete the related content as soon as possible.

...see more
How powerful is the Jin Dynasty in history? It will not break the Qin Kingdom without a chance

Zhao Wei, Han and the three families divided Jin in the history of the Spring and Autumn Period and Warring States Period , which is of great significance, it directly rewrites the development of history in the future. Seriously, Jin was the largest country in the Spring and Autumn Period, and Jin was just blocked on the inevitable path for Qin to go east. If Jin State did not disintegrate, Qin State would have no chance of going abroad. Even if Qi Guo chose to go east, there was no chance of winning against the powerful Jin country. Then, after the disintegration of Jin State, what impact will it have on countries.

image.png

I. The disintegration of Jin State is inevitable, this is a matter of system

Seriously, the disintegration of Jin State is inevitable, because the system structure of Jin State is very problematic. Who is responsible for this? The first person in charge is Jin Wengong . At that time, the Jin kings all had certain powers. These royal families fought each other so much that Chong Er could only escape. After Chong Er returned to Jin and became the monarch, he changed the original ruling structure of Jin. Those royal families no longer held actual power, and Chonger established the Liuqing system. Liu Qing reports directly to the monarch, which is equivalent to six ministers. In fact, such a ruling structure also has its own problems. The loss of royal power will inevitably lead to the full expansion of ministerial power. This is a difficult problem with no answer, and it has repeatedly appeared in Chinese history since. With the development of history, Liu Qing's power is getting larger and larger, while the monarch's power is getting smaller and smaller. Coupled with several undisputed monarchs in the Jin Dynasty in succession, the monarchs almost vanished.

image.png

At first, Liu Qing was able to discuss with He Qi. But since we all have strength, we have to compete. So at the end of the Jin Dynasty, the internal fighting between Liu Qing continued. In the end, two were sacrificed, and the four doctors of the Jin Dynasty controlled almost all the actual power. The problem is that the four did not plan to spend time together, and eventually Zhao Weihan and the three jointly destroyed another. The situation of the three families of Zhao Wei and Han was basically formed. At first, they also left a little face to the Jin monarchs. But in the end, they directly asked Zhou Tianzi to seize them as princes. The official seal of Zhou Tianzi was basically a dummy, and in this way, the situation of Zhao Wei Han's three families splitting into Jin appeared. In Qi State, Lao Tian's family replaced the Old Jiang's, and Qi State became the Tian's Qi State. The situation of the Seven Warlords in the Warring States Period was formally formed, and together with the second-rate countries such as Song , Lu , and Zhongshan , everyone staged a good show of your singing.

2. If Jin State did not disintegrate, Qin State would have no chance at all.

Let's talk about the Qin Kingdom to the west. During the Spring and Autumn Period, Qin Kingdom wanted to go east to compete for the Central Plains. However, Jin State was blocked on the road that Qin Guodong had to go through. Qin State had war with Jin State once, but it was always beaten by Jin State. This great country in the East was not something that Qin could provoke. Under the circumstances that it was impossible to go east, Qin could only temporarily develop west. According to Qin Guo ’s own words, the Qin Kingdom dominated the West. In fact, due to the large number of western nomads , Qin Kingdom has been suspected of being abandoned by Eastern countries. As for Jin State, it is a giant country. This country is huge and has sufficient human logistics resources. In order to deal with Jin State, Qi State and Chu State often united. As a whole, Qin Guo did nothing to Jin Guonai. But when the three families were promoted, this situation changed immediately. The original family became three. Although the three were allies, they were not as close to each other as they were in the same period. Qin Guo's attitude was to defeat each and then gradually conquer.

image.png

Based on the historical development of the Warring States Period, we can see the general direction of Qin's eastward strategy. In the face of Zhao Wei, Han and the Three Kingdoms , Qin Guo always kept an attitude of fighting against each other and never gave the three companies a chance to join forces. In this way, Qin Guo defeated each of Zhao Wei, Han and Han. Even when Qin Shihuang conquered the Six Eastern Countries, he first conquered the Three Jins and then dealt with the Yan and Chu states. In fact, the Jin Dynasty is like the Soviet Union in the 20th century. No country can treat it from the outside. All problems erupt internally. In the early days of the Warring States Period, the Wei family was dominated. Wei had once almost unified the three Jins. This has caused great shadows to all countries, and Qi and Qin jointly undermine Wei ’s unified plan. Therefore, no country wants a strong adversary to appear. For them, the more dispersed the power, the better.

Disclaimer: The above content originates from the Internet, and the copyright belongs to the original author. If you infringe your original copyright, please let us know and we will delete the related content as soon as possible.

...see more
Conclusion

At that time, a severe famine occurred in Shangyu, and the civilians were in distress. Zhang Chun escorted Sima Bao to Qishan in Nan'an. Zhangzhou of Liangzhou Assassin sent Zhang Han to lead 5,000 infantry and cavalry to rescue Sima Bao, Chen An retreated, and Sima Bao returned to Shangyu. Soon after, Sima Bao was pushed by Chen An, Zhang Ye sent Song Yi to the rescue, and Chen An retired.

Related news reading