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List of Emperors of the Shang Dynasty

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The Shang Dynasty is the second dynasty in Chinese history. It is called the "three generations" of China together with Xia and Zhou, and has a very important position in Chinese history. According to legend, the ancestor of King Shang was one of the descendants of the Five Emperors. The Shang Dynasty (circa 1675 BC-1029 BC), began in Shang Tang, and finally Shang Yang, a total of 31 emperors, enjoyed the country 646 years. The Shang Dynasty was also called Yin Shang because it was the capital of the Shang Dynasty (now Anyang City, Henan Province). In the Shang Dynasty, slavery had a great development, and reached a high level in culture and bronze smelting. Shang Dynasty surname. There are 30 kings in the business-Tang, Taiding, Waibing, Zhongren, Taijia, Woding, Taigeng, Xiaojia, Yongji, Taiwu, Zhongding, Wairenhe Jiajia, Zu Yi, Zu Xin , Wo Jia, Zu Ding, Nan Geng, Yang Jia, Pan Geng, Xiao Xin, Xiao Yi, Wu Ding, Zu Geng, Zu Jia, Xi Xin, Kang Ding, Wu Yi, Wen Ding, Di Yi, Xi, among which died of illness The 28 king, the 1 king who died by self-immolation after the country's death, may be the 1 king who died in battle. After 17 generations of 31 queens, the last king of Shang Yang was defeated by King Zhou Wu in the battle of Makino.

List of Emperors of the Shang Dynasty

List of Emperors of the Shang Dynasty-Who Are the Emperors of the Shang Dynasty? The Emperor of the Shang Dynasty

Shang Taizu and Shang Tang Introduction Shang Tang Mi Xia became the founder of the Shang Dynasty

Shang Tang (?-Circa 1588 BC), surname, surname, temple ancestor, Shang Taizu, Henan Shangqiu. The founder of the Shang Dynasty , reigned from 1617 to 1588, and reigned for 30 years. Among them, 17 were princes of the Shang Dynasty in Xia Dynasty and 13 were kings of Shang Dynasty. Today people mostly call Shang Tang, also known as Wu Tang, Tian Yi, Cheng Tang, and Cheng Tang. Oracle inscriptions refer to Tang and Dayi, also known as Gao Zuyi, the leader of merchant tribe.

Shang Tangyuan is the leader of the Shang tribe. The Shang clan is a descendant of the Huangdi clan, the ancestor deed, and once assisted Dayu to control the water. It was sealed in Shangdi, hence the name of the Shang clan. According to legend, Jane's woman Jane bathed by the river and saw a big black bird laying an egg. She was swallowed by the curiosity, and she became pregnant without a marriage and gave birth to a deed. This legend shows that Shang was a tribe of bird totems, and that it was still a matriarchal clan society. Humans knew their mothers but did not know their fathers. After men indulged, they had no need to consider family drags, and they would not bear any social responsibility. It is a golden period for men to indulge. There were fourteen generations from Qiqi to Shangtang. During this period, the Shang clan went through eight migrations and it was not until the Tang Dynasty that the capital was built.

Shang Tang is an ambitious tribal leader. Of course, he will not be satisfied with the status quo. He already has a desire to unify the world. And Xia Yi ’s brutality and injustice provided him with favorable conditions, especially the vassals of the vassal states and the Xia dynasty. As a result, the world was actually torn apart, which provided Shang Tang with a stage to realize his political ambitions and develop his political talents.

At that time, Shang was next to Guoge, another prince. If Shang wants to unify the world, he must first conquer Ge. But the teacher came out unknown, fearing the world would not accept it. To this end, Shang Tang took advantage of the fact that Ge's leader, Ge Bo, did not sacrifice the ancestors' deities, and sent people to ask questions, of course, in order to provoke the incident. But this Geber is a person who does not want to be aggressive, only cares about the immediate interests, and is greedy for small profits. He does not understand the true intentions of Tang. Therefore, for Tang's blame, he didn't take it seriously, but just wanted to make a small profit by doing so, he told the messenger that there were no cattle or sheep for sacrifice. Tang sent the cattle and sheep to go, but Ge Bo ate the cattle and sheep and still didn't sacrifice. Tang sent someone to blame, and Ge Bo quibbleed that there was no food. Tang then sent people to help the kudzu farm, and some old people came to the farm to feed the farmers. As a result, Ge not only did not think about repentance, he even intensified, leading people to rob people along the way. The original intention of Tang was to slowly carry out the "peaceful evolution" of Ge through these small favors and small benefits. I did not expect Ge Bo to be so ungrateful. So Tang made people everywhere to create public opinion, so that everyone in the world felt that Ge Bo was unbearable, and how kind he was. Seeing that the time was right, he sent troops, wiped out Ge, and cleared the obstacles for unifying the world. Due to the preparatory work and publicity work, the people in the world think that he is not for himself, but to avenge those who were persecuted by Gerber, and recover them for him. justice. Even after Xia Ling heard that the incident had passed, she could nod her head in agreement with Shang Tang's behavior. This shows that Shang Tang's political skills.

Shang Tang understands the importance of talents, so he pays great attention to recruiting talents, and is not eclectic and does not have the prejudices of the first place. Yi Yin was originally a slave of the Lao Kingdom. She always wanted to rely on Shangtang, but she had no chance. Later, Hou Hou's daughter married Shang Tang as a concubine, and Yi Yin went with him as the "sister" of the dowry to become Tang's chef. Yi Yin deliberately made the meals sometimes delicious and sometimes too salty and light to attract the attention of the soup. Sure enough, Tang called him for questioning, and he immediately took the opportunity to show his talents, talk openly, and tell Tang Chen the general trend of the world and the way of governing the country. Tang Daxi then promoted him, and Yi Yin later became Tang's right hand. Tang Zuoxiang, Zhong Zuoyuan, was a high-ranking son of the Xia Dynasty. His ancestors were Xia Yu's minister of industry. His family was prominent and he could have lived a life of respect and favor. But he was dissatisfied with the tyranny of Xia Yun and went to Shang Tang. Many of the "revolutionary youths" who were not happy with Xia Yi's tyrannical affair like Zhong Xuan and went to Shang Tang. These talents played a great role in Shang Tang's capture of the world. In particular, Yi Yin and Zhong Yan became Shang Tang's left and right arms, making Shang Tang even more powerful.

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Prince Shang Ding of Shang Dynasty introduced the monarch who died before he succeeded

Tai Ding, the Prince of Shang Dynasty , was the son of Shang Gaozu, and was not ascended the throne. He is also a monarch of the Shang Dynasty. Inheriting his father Wu Yi, he killed the Zhou Dynasty leader's quarterly calendar, which turned the Shang Dynasty and the Zhou tribe into enemies.

Emperor Archives

Name: Ziding

Alias: Taiding

Nationality: Shang Dynasty

Date of death: circa 1102 BC

Occupation: Shang Dynasty King

Related Event: Killing the Zhou Clan Chief's Calendar

Shang Dynasty Prince

Tai Ding (year of birth and death is unknown), also known as Da Ding, surname, Ding Ding, is a prince of the Shang Dynasty in China. " Historical Records " states that he died before he became king, but some people still list him as Shang Dynasty One of the monarchs. Taiding was the son of Cheng Tang, the founding monarch of the Shang dynasty, but his original name was already crippled. Due to the death of Taiding, Taiding's brother Wai Bing was later established as emperor. Archaeologists suspect that he has assisted Shang Wang Chengtang to preside over the military.

Tai Ding (year of birth and death is unknown), the oracle bone inscription of Yin Ruins is Ding, surname, Tai Ding was the son of Shang Tang, the founding monarch of the Shang Dynasty. According to the "Historical Records", Tai Ding died before his succession, so the brother of Tai Ding C succeeded.

Tai Ding's spouse, Xing Wu, was also sacrifice by Yin people. Song Zhenhao and Han Jiangsu considered that Cheng Tang had three children, Tai Ding, Wai Bing and Zhong Ren. Tai Ding was established as the prince as the eldest son, and was therefore included in the Yin people's weekly sacrifice. However, Tai Ding died first and never became king. Oracle records do not show that Ding ascended the throne. According to Jiang Linchang's Zhou sacrifice spectrum, Ding was ahead of Djia, and he believed that Ding had been ascended.

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Brief Introduction of Shang Ai Wang Waibing The Second King of Shang Dynasty

Wai Bing, Emperor Shang of the Shang Dynasty, surname, famous place, Yi Zuo Bu Bing, unknown birth and death year, Tang second son, Tang succeeded to the throne after death, unknown place of burial, the second king of the Shang Dynasty . The son of Shang Kaiguo's monarch Tang, Tang's prince, Tai Ding, died early. Nai Tai Ding's younger brother was the king. It was the first year of Wai Bing and Yi Yin regent. Wai Cing died three years after he was enthroned and passed on his brother Zhong Ren. One said that Wai Bing was Shang Tang 's younger brother, Tang Zi Tai Ding. Shang Tang died, the prince and the prince had died before Shang Tang, and then became king. Wai Bing was not qualified to inherit the throne. Because Tang's eldest son Tai Ding was sick and his son was young, Wai Bing inherited the throne of Shang. He became ill and died in only three years.

Name: Zisheng

Alias: Ziwai C

Nationality: Shang Dynasty

Occupation: Shang Dynasty monarch

Reign: three years

Wai Bing, surnamed Wai Bing, a winner, Oracle as "Bu Bing", the second son of Shang Tang.

" Historical Records · Yin Benji" records: "Tang Beng, Prince Tai Ding died without standing, so the younger brother of Tai Ding Wai Bing, is Emperor Wai Bing." Wai Bing does not have the qualification to inherit the throne, due to Tang eldest son Tai Ding Alas, his son was young, and only the foreign king inherited the position of Shang Wang. He became ill and died in only three years.

Because Prince Taiding died early and his son was too young, he set up Wai Cing. After Foreign Minister C ascended the throne, the two ministers Zhong Ai and Yi Yin continued to assist the government and to govern the people with leniency. Wai Bing Zun Shang Tang is a "Zong Tang", which is given a grand sacrifice. "Book of Rites · Sacrifice Law" said: "The merchant's ancestral deeds and ancestral soup."

There are many records of sacrifices to Tai Ding in the Oracle Bone Inscriptions, because Tai Ding is the eldest son of Shang Tang. Although he did not succeed, he still worships at the ancestral temple as one of the direct ancestors.

"Historical Records" contains: "'Wang C ascended the throne for three years, collapsed', the throne and Zhong Ren." [

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King Shang Ye Zhongren introduced the third-generation king of Shang who prospered during the reign

Zhong Ren, also known as Zhong Ren, Yan Ren, Gong Ren, Qi Ren, Nan Ren, surnamed Yong, was a king of the Shang Dynasty in China. The Shang Dynasty flourished during his reign. After his death, his son Taijia succeeded and Yi Yin was assisted.

Emperor Archives

Name: Zi Yong

Foreign name: zhongren

Alias: Zhongren, Yanren, Qiren, Gongren, Nanren

Nationality: Chinese Shang Dynasty

Nationality: Han

Place of birth: 亳

Occupation: Shang Dynasty Monarch

Years in office: 4

谥 号: King of Shang Yang

Biography

Zhong Ren, Shang Tangzi , and the younger brother of Wai Bing, the hereditary prince and son of Shang Wang, Zhong Ren died 4 years in office. Zhong Ren, also known as Zhong Ren, Yan Ren, Gong Ren, Qi Ren, Nan Ren, surnamed Yong, was a king of the Shang Dynasty in China.

Zhong Ren was the son of Shang Tang and the younger brother of Wai Cang. " History " states that he died four years after his reign. Brother Taiding's son Taijia succeeded. After Zhong Ren's succession, Yi Yin auxiliary government basically complied with the legal system formulated by Tang. North Korea's government was relatively stable and the country became stronger and stronger.

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Shang Taizong Taijia Brief introduction to the monarch who was exiled for three years for tyrannical disorder

Taijia, whose birth and death years are unknown, is the grandson of Tang Yi, Tai Dingzi, and Shu Zhongren, who succeeded to the throne after a total of 23 years in the throne, died in the city (now Jinan, Shandong Province). In Taijia, the four dynasties elders Yin Yizheng and Yiyin Lian wrote articles such as "Desperate Life" and "Ancestral Queen", teaching Taijia to follow the ancestor's legal system and strive to become a Mingjun. Under the urging of Yi Yin, the performance of Taijia in the first two years after his succession was decent, but it will not work from the third year. He arbitrarily gave orders, blindly enjoyed, violent the people, dysfunctional government, and destroyed himself Soup made regulations. Although Yi Yin tried to persuade him, he could not listen. Yi Yin had to send him to Tonggong near the Shangtang cemetery (now southwest of Yanshi County, Henan Province) and let him reflect on himself. A ".

Introduction

Shang Taizong Taijia (the birth year is unknown, one died before 1557), is the grandson of Shang Tangyu, nephew of Wai Cing and Zhong Ren. Tai Dingzi, surname, named Zhi, was the fourth king of the Shang Dynasty (1582 BC 1570 BC), and his uncle Wang Zhongren succeeded to the throne. He reigned for 12 years, and said that he died of illness in 23 years and was buried in Licheng (now Jinan City, Shandong Province). The temple name is Taizong, and the king is the king. Passed off with Woding after his death. After Taijia took office, he did not follow the Tang law and violently violated morality. Yi Yin placed him in Tonggong and became a regent himself. Taijia was in Tonggong for three years, and regretted his blame. Yi Yin greeted him back to Pudu and returned to him. The re-administered Taijia can cultivate virtues, and all the princes return to the King of Shang, and the people can be peaceful.

Biographies

About Yin

When it comes to Taijia, I have to mention the person who thought it was important to him-Yi Yin. Shang Tang destroyed the Xia Dynasty and established the Shang Dynasty. One of his powerful assistants was the right-handed Yi Yin who rescued him from Juntai. Yi Yin Mingzhi was originally a slave of Shang's father-in-law's father-in-law's family. When Yin's wife married Shang Tang, Yi Yin came to Shang Tang's house as a dowry slave.

Yi Yin had just arrived at Shang Tang's house. Shang Tang did not find Yi Yin as a personal talent, but just let him work in the kitchen. Yi Yin, who met Huai Cai last, thought of a way to let Shang Tang know that he was a capable person. Yi Yin has a good skill in cooking. He makes the dishes very delicious, but sometimes he deliberately makes them tasteless, so that Shang Tang is angry and looks for him. One day, Shang Tang was stunned by the tasteless and stir-fried vegetables, called Yi Yin and asked him to explain. Yi Yin took the opportunity to use stir-fry, for example, and said, "Cooking can't be too salty or too light. Only by putting the seasonings right and the huohou properly, can the dishes be delicious and delicious. Governance The country also makes food with a reason. It can neither be eager to succeed, nor can it be lazy. Only by being relaxed, can we get things done. "Yin Yin's use of vegetables to describe things really touched Shang Tang's mind. Shang Tang found that there were such talents in his kitchen, so he dismissed Yin as a slave and appointed him as right-handed. Yi Yin helped Shang Tang to learn about the situation and helped Shang Tang plan to attack Xia Dynasty. At the critical moment, he rescued Shang Tang from Xia Yi's imprisonment. The Shang Tang was able to complete the feats of destroying the Xia Dynasty and building the Shang Dynasty.

In the early days of the Shang Dynasty, various rules and regulations were also formulated by Yi Yin with the help of Shang Tang. The system stipulates that officials must work diligently, be loyal to the royal family, and not be jealous, or they will be severely punished; more than a dozen regulations have been enacted, and people will be punished for crimes and even slaves. Therefore, the officials in the early Shang Dynasty did not dare to act in a wrong way. They were politically clear and economically prosperous. After Shang Tang's death, the second and third-generation monarchs of the Shang dynasty were also assisted by Yi Yin to help them improve their pros and cons and manage the country. According to the ancient book, Taijia changed things after being urged by Yi Yin.

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Wang Zhaoding, Shang Zhao Wang introduced the policy of saving leniency during the reign

Vaudin is also known as Wu Ding. His surname is Xuan, and he was a king of the Shang Dynasty in China. He is the son of Taijia and the grandson of Taiding. Voddin succeeded to the throne after the death of his father, Wang Taijia. During his reign, assistant minister Yi Yin died. After Wodding's death, younger brother Tai Geng took over.

basic introduction

Vodin, also known as Li Ding, had a surname and a brilliant name, and was a king of the Shang Dynasty in China. He is the son of Taijia and the grandson of Taiding. Voddin's stepfather, Taijia, ascended the throne and was said to have been in power for 29 years (1570 BC-1541 BC). When Wodin was enthroned, Yi Yin was still the phase. After Yiyin, Woding took the blame as the Qingshi, namely the prime minister. The blame sheet is also an old minister from Shang Tangshi, who assisted the court administration, and still adopted Yi Yin Festival's policy of lenient people and practiced Tang law. He also wrote "Wording", which was used to wake up Wording, promote the ancestral system, and govern business with virtue. After Woding died, his brother Tai Geng was ascended. 谥 号 王 王.

Biography

During the sacrifice of ancient emperors, the three cattle, cattle, and sacrifice were all prepared as prisons; the sacrifice for princes was only prepared for sheep and sacrifice, which was called shao prison. So sometimes it's too specific to refer to cattle. In addition to offering sacrifice to heaven and earth and community halls, some small sacrifice can also be used for prison. From this we can see that Wu Ding respects Yi Yin, the right winger of the Five Dynasties.

Huang Fuzhen's "Emperor Century" records: "Eight years of Warding, Yi Yin died ... Warding was buried with the gift of the emperor, worshiped at the prison, and was personally lost for three years in order to report to the great virtue." The prison is also known as the prison.

Waddin, also known as Ding, is named Xuan Xuan, son of Taijia, and grandson of Taiding. Vodin's stepfather Taijia was ascended the throne. When Wodin was enthroned, Yi Yin was still the phase.

After Yiyin, Woding took the blame as the Qingshi, namely the prime minister. The blame sheet is also an old minister from Shang Tangshi, who assisted the court administration, and still adopted Yi Yin Festival's policy of lenient people and practiced Tang law. It was used to wake up Vaudin, and also wrote "Vodin" to carry forward the ancestral system and govern business by virtue. Vodin reigned for twenty-nine years and passed on to Tai Gung after his death. Ascension from younger brother Tai Geng. 谥 号 王 王.

Yi Yin was buried in Yucheng, Henan Province today after his death, and Yi Yin's tomb is piled up in Weiyu, southwest of Yucheng. Yi Yin wrote many texts during his lifetime. The Han Book contains 51 articles on Yi Yin and 27 articles on Yi Yin Shuo. "Yu Han Shan Fang Ji Shu Shu Shu" has a volume "Yi Yin". In 1973, the unearthed unearthed book of No. 3 Han Tomb at Mawangdui, Changsha contains 64 lines of "Yin".

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Shang Xuan Wang Taigeng briefed on the sixth monarch of the Shang Dynasty in China for 25 years

King Shang Xuan (Tai Geng) Sub-Debate from 1529 to 1505

Tai Geng, again as Da Geng, mistakenly called Xiao Geng. Name surname, brother of Woding, son of Taijia. Following Vaudin's assassination, he was succeeded by Zi Xiaojia (one of Tai Geng's brothers) after his death. No. Xuan Wang.

Character introduction

Tai Geng, again as Da Geng, mistakenly called Xiao Geng. His surname was a prince in the Shang Dynasty in China. He is the younger brother of Woding, the son of Taijia. Following Vaudin's throne, he reigned for 25 years (1541 BC-1516 BC). After his death, he was succeeded by Zi Xiao Jia (a brother of Tai Geng). No. Xuan Wang.

Emperor Archives

Name: Sub-Defense

Alias: Tai Geng

Nationality: Shang Dynasty

Date of death: 1516 BC

Occupation: Shang Dynasty monarch

Reign: 1541 BC-1516 BC

Title: Xuan Wang

The sixth monarch of the Shang Dynasty in China, also known as Dageng, reigned for 25 years under the name Shang Xuanwang.

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Brief introduction of Shang Jing Wang Xiaojia During the reign of King Shang Jing, the Shang Dynasty began to decline

Xiao Jia, with a high surname, was the seventh king of the Shang Dynasty in China. " Historical Records Yin Yinji" said that he was the son of Tai Geng, and also said that he was the younger brother of Tai Geng. When Xiaojia was in office, the Shang Dynasty had nothing at all. After Xiaojia's death, his younger brother Yongji succeeded and the Shang Dynasty began to decline. No. King.

Emperor Archives

Name: Zi Gao

Alias: Small armor

Nationality: Shang Dynasty

Date of birth: about 1516 BC

Date of death: circa 1499 BC

Occupation: Monarch

In the 36 years of his reign (17 years), it is now considered 17 years (1516-BC 1499). When Xiaojia was in office, the Shang Dynasty took the capital as the capital. After Xiaojia died, his younger brother Yongji succeeded and the Shang Dynasty began to decline. No. King.

Oracle Data Explanation

Xiaojia: King Shang is famous. Son of Tai Gung. Xiaojia is the temple number. Following Tai Geng took over. Yinxu's edicts are listed as sacrifices to the ancestral kings.

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Brief Introduction to Shangji Wang Yongji's Abandonment of Yongji Causes the Decline of Shang Dynasty

King Shang Yuan (Yongji) Zi Mi 1487-1476 B.E.

Yongji, the surname of his son, is the younger brother of the former king Xiaojia, and is set to Yu. After Shang Wang's death, he ascended the throne, abolished government affairs, and the Shang Dynasty began to decline. During Yongji's reign, the Shang Dynasty gradually declined, and the princes did not come. After Yongji died, his brother Taiwu succeeded. "Taiping Yulan" quoted " Historical Records " that Yongji reigned for 12 years.

Biography

Yongji, with his surname and surname, was the king of the Shang Dynasty in China. Shang Wang Xiaojia ascended the throne after his death. In the 12 years of his reign, the government was abandoned and the Shang Dynasty began to decline. During Yongji's reign, the Shang Dynasty gradually declined, and the princes did not come. After Yongji died, his brother Taiwu succeeded. "Taiping Yulan" quoted "Historical Records" that Yongji reigned for 12 years.

"Historical Records" states: "The Emperor Xiaojia collapsed, and his brother Yongji stood for Emperor Yongji." The Shang dynasty was from Tang to Yongji for more than 100 years. Socio-economic development has been stable. However, the long-term peace and stability also contributed to the imperialism of the Shang royal family.

"Historical Records" said that when Yongji was enthroned, "Yin Dao declined, the princes might not." It can be seen that the powers of the various princes are increasingly expanding, and the rights of the Shang royal family have been weakened.

During the Shang Dynasty, more than one hundred years before Shang Tang to Yongji ascended the throne, due to the adherence to the policy of saving people with leniency and governing business with morality, social and economic development has been stable. However, the long-term peace and stability also contributed to the imperialism of the Shang royal family.

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Brief Introduction to Shang Zhongzong Taiwu

Taiwu, with a close family name. The 9th King of Shang. The grandson of Tang V, the grandson of Taijia. After death he pursued as Zhongzong. The oracle bones were written as Tai Taiwu and Tian Wu, the sons of Shang Wang Taigeng, Shang Xiaojia and Yongji's younger brother. " Historical Records ": Yundi Yongji collapsed, his brother Taiwu Li, is for Emperor Taiwu. "The revival of the Shang Dynasty . Together with Zu Yi and Taijia, they are called Sanshi (three contributing monarchs).

Biography

After Tai Wu came to power, Yi Yin 's son Yi Yi was used as a photo. Tai Wu lived in Zhong Ming Ding Shi's Imperial Family since he was a child. When he inherited the throne, he was still a young man. In the 7th year of Taiwu, the phenomenon of "Mulberry Valley Symbiosis in North Korea" appeared in Lisu, that is, a mulberry tree grew under the mulberry tree. It's gone crazy in seven days. In fact, both belong to the mulberry tree. This was originally an accidental phenomenon in the process of plant growth. It is not a strange phenomenon now. There are many monsters born of human beings, not to mention plants. However, in the Shang Dynasty, people did not have botanical knowledge. Think of it as a monster. The young king was scared. His minister Yi Yi (the son of Yi Yin) replied: "Chen hears the demon is invincible, but the emperor ’s government has something to do with it? Emperor Qi ’s morality. This means that the minister heard that the monster can't beat the virtue, and probably the king is managing the government If there is any lack of morality, monsters will appear. If good government practices morality and governs the people with morality, it will automatically avoid the scourge.

Seeing the beginning of the decline of the Shang dynasty, Yizhan used this matter to exhort Taiwu, hoping that he would become angry and become a virtuous monarch. The Shang dynasty was originally superstitious about ghosts and gods, and Yi Yi said that it was beyond doubt. Since then, he has been diligent in government and ethics, governing the country and helping the people. This kind of symbiotic tree, which is not normally growing, will die naturally when it grows to a certain time. He believed that it was the result of practicing morals and ruling demons by virtue of morals.

Under the leadership of Taiwu, the Shang dynasty, which had begun to decline, was restored.

According to the ancient books, the reign of Taiwu for 75 years is the longest reign of the Shang Dynasty. Tai Wuqin was politically ethical, governing the country, and caring for the people. Appoint Yiyi and Wuxian to control state affairs. During the overhaul of the country's politics, small nations reverted one after another. During the resurgence of the Shang dynasty, the "Historical Records" named Tai Wu as the prime minister. He died of illness and was buried in Neihuang (now 30 kilometers south of Neihuang County, Henan Province). So descendants respected him as Zhongzong.

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Brief introduction to Shang Xiaocheng and Wang Zhongding

Zhong Ding, surnamed Zhuang Zhuang, King of the Shang Dynasty , unknown birth and death years, one for Zhong Ding, Tai Zi Zi. After Tai Wu died, he reigned for 13 years, died of illness, and was buried in Diquan. Yin Chao declined, and the Ninth Chaos began.

Biography

Zhongding, 1413 BC-1403 BC, surnamed Zhuangzhuang, King of the Shang Dynasty, Zhongding, Taiwuzi, Xiaocheng Cheng.

After Tai Wu died, he reigned for 13 years, died of illness, and was buried in Diquan. During his reign , Zhong Ding moved his capital to Ao (near Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, and one in the northeast of Rongyang County, Henan Province). At that time, the Yi tribe in the southeast rose, and Zhongding six years later. Among them, Lanyi attacked the Shang Dynasty, and Zhongding sent troops to repel Lanyi.

After Zhong Ding's death, the younger brothers fought for the throne, causing the Nineth Rebellion on the succession, and the Shang Dynasty was at a loss. After Zhong Ding's death, his younger brother was ascended.

The Nineth Rebellion

When Shang Wang Zhongding reigned, the Yi tribe in the southeast rose up, Lan Yi attacked the Shang Dynasty, and Zhong Ding sent troops to repel Lan Yi. But Zhong Ding's own power was hit hard. After Zhong Ding's death, a large number of brothers fought for the throne he left with their own power. Zhong Ding's younger brother Wei Ren was ascended after Zhong Ding's death. Set a precedent of "who has the greatest power and who will take the throne." As a result, the IXth turmoil on the inheritance of more than a century. After the death of the foreign son, his younger brother He Bingjia succeeded to the throne. He Bangjia was the son of Shang Wang Taiwu, the younger brother of Shang Wang Zhongding and the foreign son. After the death of the foreign son, He Bangjia took over the throne, and He Bangjia once sent troops to conquer the Lan and Ban in the southeast. During the war, He Bangjia died of an illness, and his son Zu Yi succeeded in the throne and successfully served Lan Yi, Ban Fang and other countries. After Zu Yi's death, his son Zu Xin took the throne, and after his death his brother Vo Jia was ascended. After the death of Vojka, Vojka's nephew and Zuxin's son Zudin was ascended. After his death, his cousin Nan Geng, the son of Shang Wang Wojia, was the Shang throne. After Nan Geng's death, his son Yang Jia was succeeded. Yang Jia was the older brother of Pan Geng who became famous later. When Yang Jia reigned, the Shang Dynasty was in chaos, and slave owners and nobles killed each other. Yangjia has no control over the situation. The Shang Dynasty declined, and the princes did not. After Pan Geng assumed the throne, he decided to cross the Yellow River and relocate the capital from Qiang (now Qufu, Shandong) to Yin (now Anyang, Henan). Yin merchants finally arrived and stabilized.

From the above information, we can see that not only sons and younger brothers can take the throne during this period, but even cousins and nephews jumped out to take over the throne. It can be seen that Di Xin had to repair Bigan (Uncle Di Xin), and others such as Jiuhou (Father Di Xin's father) and Xi Bochang (Uncle Di Xin). It can also be said that it was to avoid the "Nineth Rebellion". Di Xin was killed by his "cousin" King Zhou Wu, and the struggle was fierce.

The royal turmoil in the middle of the Shang Dynasty. Since Zhong Ding, the dynasty has been in decline, there have been successive throne disputes, and the capital has been repeatedly moved, and the princes have defected. This unrest went through the nine kings of Zhongding, Wairen, Hebangjia, Zuyi, Zuxin, Wojia, Zuding, Nan Geng, and Yangjia, hence the name.

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Shang Siwang's introduction to the vassal rebellion after the throne marks the decline of Shang

Foreigner, birth and death are unknown. King Shang was too young, brother Shang Zhongding. Zhong Ding succeeded after his death. He died of illness for 15 years and was buried in Diquan. After Zhong Ding's death, the foreigner successfully seized the throne and compromised with his brothers, causing confusion on the succession of the Shang dynasty. The Shang Dynasty began to decline. After the death of the foreign son, his younger brother He Jiajia succeeded.

Biography

The foreigner, known in Oracles as Bu Ren, surnamed first, was the eleventh king of the Shang Dynasty. One said 10 years in office. The Nineth Incident occurred during his reign, but the princes did not pay attention. " Historical Records · Yin Benji" reads: "The Emperor Zhongding Ding Beng, the younger prince stood, is for the imperial prince."

Character story

Shortly after the foreign monarch took office, the two Hou kingdoms, Xia and Xia, launched a rebellion. Xun was a descendant of Xun's family. Shang Tang once married the daughter of Xun's family as concubine. Yi Yin was married to Shang as a courtier. Therefore, the relationship between You and the Shang Dynasty is very close.

Due to the decline of the Shang royal family, some descendants of the Ji family were condemned and rebelled. Xun was the descendant of Xia Yuche Zhengzheng Zhong, that is, the descendant of Zhong Xun. At the beginning, he also had a good relationship with the Shang royal family. At this time, he also betrayed business. Xi and He's ancestors were left and right during Shang Tang. They all rose to rebel against the foreigners, which shows the decline of the Shang royal family at that time.

Regarding the rebellion of the uncle and the uncle, the foreigner had no way to do it. It is said that the "Great Peng State" helped calm the rebellion of the uncle and the uncle. The "Great Peng State" was established under the leadership of Peng Zu, the leader of the Peng tribe. It was a country that was relatively strong in the East during the Xia Dynasty and had close political relations.

In the early part of the Shang Dynasty, the Great Peng State was still relatively strong. According to legend, Peng Zu lived for 800 years and was a god of longevity, who knew how to keep in good health. In fact, the so-called 800-year-old Peng Zu is actually the age of the Peng Kingdom. After 15 years in office, the foreigner was crowned emperor by He Bangjia.

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Brief introduction of Shang Qianping and Wang Hejia stabilized the situation of the Shang Dynasty

He Yanjia, the surname is full, the birth and death years are unknown, Shang Wang Taiwuzi, Shang Wang Zhongding, the foreigner's younger brother, the foreigner's death succeeded. During the reign of He Bangjia, the Shang Dynasty declined again. In desperation, he moved 200 kilometers north to the capital of Henan Neihuang to ease the situation of internal and external difficulties. He Bangjia also sent troops to conquer the Lan and the Ban in the southeast. With the help of some countries, the rebellious princes were settled again. He Jiajia died of illness for 9 years, and was buried in Xiangxiang (now in Neihuang County, Henan Province).

Biography

He Jiajia, the surname is He Jiajia, a whole, oracle bone inscriptions, the son of Taiwu, the brother of the foreigner. " Historical Records · Yin Benji" reads: "The emperor's foreign enemies collapsed, and the younger He Jiajia was established for the Emperor He Jiajia." When He Jiajia was reigned, he was troubled internally and externally, and there were many contradictions . He could only relocate the capital to reverse the unfavorable situation. "Ancient Bamboo Books Chronicles" said: "He Jia Jia was in office, and moved from the arrogance to the phase." Sima Qian also said: "He Jia Jia is the phase." The phases are all in the southeast of Henan Province today. He Qianjia's relocation of the capital to a certain extent eased the contradictions within the royal family. After a few rectifications, He Jiejia wanted to fulfill his brother Zhong Ding's last wish, and then waged a war of "recruiting Lanyi and then recruiting the squad." At the same time, with the help of Fang Guoda Peng, Zigui subdued the Shang Dynasty. During the battle against Lanyi, Lanyi fled to Banfang, so Hebang ordered Pember and Weber to lead the army to conquer the Banfang and the Banfang surrendered. In this way, the puppet was isolated, and he also surrendered to the Shang dynasty, and Nagong became the official.

He Bingjia contributed to the stability of the Shang Dynasty when he was in office. He laid the foundation for the subsequent revival of Zu Yi. He Jiejia reigned for nine years and was succeeded by Zu Yi after his death.

Historical evaluation

When He Jianjia was in office, he was troubled internally and externally, and had conflicts. He had to relocate the capital to reverse the unfavorable situation. The relocation of the capital to some extent eased the contradictions within the royal family. After a few rectifications, He Bangjia launched a war of "conquering Lanyi and then recruiting the squad." At the same time, with the help of Fang Guoda Peng, Zigui subdued the Shang Dynasty. During the battle against Lanyi, Lanyi fled to Banfang, so Hebang ordered Pember and Weber to lead the army to conquer the Banfang and the Banfang surrendered. In this way, the puppet was isolated, and he also surrendered to the Shang dynasty, and Nagong became the official.

He Bingjia contributed to the stability of the Shang Dynasty when he was in office. He laid the foundation for the subsequent revival of Zu Yi.

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A Brief Introduction to Shang Mu Wang Zuyi Makes the Shang Dynasty Once Again the Outstanding Meritor

King Shang Mu (Zu Yi) Zi Teng from 1388 to 1910

Zu Yi, unknown birth and death year, He Jiajiazi. Also known as Qi B, surname Teng (one for victory), the fourteenth king of the Shang Dynasty in China. He Jijia succeeded to the throne after dying of the disease. He died in the 19th year and was buried in Diquan. When Zu Yi was in office, he moved his capital to Xing (also known as Geng, today Wendong County, Henan Province). He dispatched troops several times to serve the Lanyi, Banfang and other countries, relieved the threat of the Yi people in the southeast to Shang, and the National Games once again revived. In the Oracle inscriptions, he is called Zhongzong Zuyi, and together with Dayi and Taijia, he is called the "Sanxian". He is the son of Hejiajia, and he was given the throne when he died. The Shang Dynasty flourished again when he was in office. "Zhu Shu Chronicles" called his temple name Zhongzong. "The Book of Bamboo Books" states that during the reign of Zu Yi, he moved the state capital from Geng to Geng, and later moved the capital to shelter. Assumed by his brother Zu Xin.

Personal profile

Zu Yi, King of the Shang Dynasty, King of the Shang Dynasty Hejia Jiazi, who succeeded to the throne after the death of the emperor, moved to Xing after the throne, the social economy of the Shang Dynasty was restored and developed, and the Shang Dynasty flourished. Reigned 19 years (one said 75 years). When Zu Yi reigned, he moved the capital four times. In 1525 BC, Zu Yi moved the capital from Xiang (now Henan Province. Neihuang County) to Geng (now Hejin City, Shanxi Province). Moved the capital to Xing (now Xingtai City, Hebei Province). The last time I moved to Pik (now Shandong Yutai). He dispatched troops several times to serve the Lanyi, Banfang and other countries, relieved the threat of the Yi people in the southeast to Shang, and the National Games once again revived. In Oracle, he is called Zhongzong Zuyi, and together with Taiyi and Taijia, they are called "three indications" (meaning three outstanding ancestors). He died of illness and was buried in Diquan. Ascended by his son Zu Xin.

Biographies

Zu Yi, surname B, a son of Teng, He Bangjia. In the 19 years of his reign, he moved to the capital after the throne, the social economy of the Shang Dynasty was restored and developed, and the Shang Dynasty prospered again. At that time, the unpredictable weather made him distressed. A minister named A Heng, in order to please Zu Yi, claimed to set up a rooftop to worship the gods. Zu Yi thought it was reasonable, so he led Baiguan to sacrifice to heaven, but to no avail. After knowing it for thousands of years, I couldn't help but took the sundial and leaky pot to the emperor, and explained to Zu Yi the reason of the sun and the moon. After hearing that, Long Yi Dayue felt right. So he left Wannian and built the Riyue Pavilion in front of the Temple of Heaven to build the Sundial Terrace and Leaking Pot Pavilion. Twelve boys were sent to serve for ten thousand years. Zu Yi said to Wannian: I hope you can test the sun and the moon, calculate the accurate morning and evening time, create a calendar, and benefit the people of the world. On one occasion, Zu Yi's biography asked Ah Heng to learn about the progress of the ten-year test calendar. When he ascended to the Sun and Moon Altar, he saw the stone wall beside the Temple of Heaven engraved with: 386 sunrise and sunset, starting again and again from time to time. There are four rounds of grass and trees, and twelve rounds in one year.

Seeing this, A Heng knew that the ten thousand-year calendar had been successfully researched, and his heart was disturbed. He was extremely afraid that Wan Nian would be favored for the creation of the calendar, and the monarch would blame himself for his idea of sacrificing the gods. So he conspired and sent an assassin to remove 10,000 years. Assassin climbed up to Riyue Pavilion, seeing Wan Nian watching the stars on the pavilion, he opened his bow and put arrows, ready to shoot him. Who knew that the assassin was found by the guards and arrested on the spot. After Zu Yi learned, he punished A Heng and personally went to Riyue Pavilion to visit Wannian. Pointing at the sky, Wan Nian said to Zu Yi, "It is now twelve months and the old age is over. The Spring Festival is beginning again. Please ask the monarch to set a festival." Spring Festival . Winter comes to spring, year after year. Later, after long-term observation and careful calculation, Wannian worked out an accurate solar calendar. When he presented the solar calendar to his successor monarch, he was already full of silver whiskers. The monarch was deeply moved. In order to commemorate the achievements of thousands of years, he named the solar calendar "perpetual calendar", and sealed the million years as the sun and moon. In the future, people will hang the longevity chart during the New Year, it is said that it is to commemorate the esteemed ten thousand years. Here comes the Spring Festival.

After Zu Yi ascended the throne, he moved his capital to Geng, now in Hejin City, Shanxi Province. Not long after Zu Yi moved to Geng, a flood occurred on the Yellow River, which eventually destroyed the capital. At that time, Wu Xian, son of Wu Xian, assisted the court. Sima Qian said: "Emperor Zuyi established, Yin Fuxing, Wuxian served." Wu Xian was a famous minister of Wuxi, Wuxian was a famous minister of Zu Yi. When Gengdu was destroyed by the flood, Wu Xian proposed to move the capital to Xing (now Xingtai City, Hebei Province), and Zu Yi accepted his suggestion. Later, the floods spread, and finally moved to shelter. Therefore, "Ancient Bamboo Books Chronicles" said: "Zu Yiteng ascended the throne, is for the Zhongzong, dwelling." It is not contradictory to " Historical Records ."

Pidu is close to the Great Peng State, and Peng Bo is loyal to the Shang royal family, which is a good barrier for the Shang Dynasty. At the same time, the sheltered area has excellent natural conditions and abundant products, which is conducive to the development of agriculture and animal husbandry. Therefore, after the relocation of the capital, the social economy of the Shang Dynasty was restored and developed, and the Shang royal family flourished again.

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Brief Introduction of King Shang Xin Zuxin, the 14th King of the Shang Dynasty

King Shang Ye (Zu Xin) was reigned for 16 years before 1369 to 1356,

Zu Xin, surname Dan. King Shang Zuzi. After the death of Zu Yi, he reigned for 16 years, died of illness, and was buried in Diquan. After his death, his brother Wo Jia was ascended. The nickname "Shangyang King".

Emperor Archives

Zuxin (1363 BC-1346 BC) reigned for sixteen years. Oracle writes "Qi Xin". During the reign of the Nineth Century, the Shang Dynasty declined further.

Name: Zidan

Alias: Zu Xin, Qi Xin

Nationality: Shang Dynasty

Date of death: circa 1346 BC

Occupation: Monarch

Related Event: Rebellion

Reign: about 1363 BC-1346 BC

谥 号: King of Shang Yang

Zu Xin, the fourteenth king of the Shang Dynasty. The surname is Dan. Birth and death years are unknown. King Shang Zuzi. After the death of Zu Yi, he reigned for 16 years, died of illness, and was buried in Di Quan. After his death, his brother Wo Jia was ascended. The nickname "Shangyang King".

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The King of Shang Yang Wajia Brief Introduction to the Life of the 15th King of Shang Dynasty

King of King Shang (Wojia), over 1355 BC to 1336 BC, reigned for 20 years

Wo Jia, surname surname, the fifteenth king of the Shang Dynasty . "Shiben" is used as the open armor, Oracle oracle script is used as the armor, and Shang Xinzu is the younger brother. After Zuxin died, he succeeded. After 20 years in office (one said 25 years), he died of illness and was buried in Diquan. After the death of Vojja, Zudin's son, Zuddin, came to the throne. The nickname "Shangyang King".

Emperor Archives

Chinese name: Zi over

Alias: Walla

Nationality: Chinese Shang Dynasty

Nationality: Han

Occupation: Shang Dynasty monarch

Fundamental contents

King of the Shang Dynasty. Voya, surname surname. Birth and death years are unknown. "Shiben" is used as the open armor, Oracle oracle script is used as the armor, and Shang Xinzu is the younger brother. After Zuxin died, he succeeded. During his 25 years in office (one said 5 years), he died of illness and was buried in Diquan. After the death of Vojja, Zudin's son, Zuddin, came to the throne.

The Nineth Rebellion

The Nineth Rebellion was an incident in which the Shang Dynasty since the Shang King Zhongding successively had disputes over the throne and repeatedly moved the capital, which caused the dynasty to decline and the princes to rebel. This turmoil has gone through the nine kings of Zhongding, Wairen , Hebangjia , Zuyi , Zuxin , Wojia , Zuding , Nan Geng , and Yangjia . The Nineth Rebellion lasted for nearly a hundred years, and it did not end until Pan Geng moved to Yin .

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Brief Introduction of Shangzhuang Wang Zuding The 16th King of Shang Dynasty in China

Zu Ding, written in oracle bones and named Ding, surnamed "The Book of the Bamboo Book", named him new, and was the 16th monarch of the Shang Dynasty in China. Son of Zuxin, nephew of former monarch Vojia. "Zhu Shu Chronicles" states that Zu Ding must be protected. "The Year of the Bamboo Book" states that he was in office for 9 years. After his death, he was succeeded by his younger brother Nan Geng. During the reign, the Nineth Anarchy was happening, the princes did not pay homage, and the power of the Shang dynasty declined.

Emperor Archives

Name: Zixin

Alias: Zuding, and Ding

Nationality: Chinese Shang Dynasty

Nationality: Han

Place of Birth: Shelter

Occupation: Shang Dynasty monarch

Main achievement: Nineth Anarchy

Uncle: Voyager

Brother: Nan Geng

Zu Ding, written in oracle inscriptions and with a new name, was the 16th King of the Shang Dynasty in China (1335 BC-1327 BC 9 years). The son of King Shang Zuxin and the nephew of the former King Wojia, according to the Zhushu Chronicles, will be settled in Bei (now Xingtai City, Hebei Province) for a total of nine years (one said 32 years). (Brother, the son of Shang Wang Wojia) Nan Geng ascended the throne. The nickname "Shangzhuang King".

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Brief introduction of Shang Qing Wang Nangeng

King Shangqin (Nan Geng) was resigned from 1326 to 1321

Nan Geng, surname surname, Shang Wang Wo Jiazi, cousin of Shang Ding Zuding, Zu Ding succeeded to the throne after his death, retired for 6 years, died of illness, and was buried in Diquan. During the reign of Nan Geng, the Shang Dynasty's national transportation declined again, and the country was relocated from Piji to Qiang (now Qufu County, Shandong Province). After his death, Yang Jia, the son of Zuding, succeeded. The nickname "Shangqing King".

King of Shangji (Nan Geng) Information

Nan Geng, unknown birth and death year, King of Shang Dynasty. Shang Wang wo Jiazi, a cousin of the King Shang Ding, who succeeded to the throne after his death, retired for 25 years, died of illness, and was buried in Diquan.

During the reign of Nan Geng, the Shang Dynasty's national transport declined again, and it later moved its capital to Qiong (now Qufu County, Shandong Province). After his death, Yang Jia, the son of Zuding, succeeded.

Nan Geng, the surname of the surname is unknown, and the eighteenth monarch of the Shang Dynasty. King Shang wo Jiazi, cousin of King Shang Ding, who succeeded after his death. "This Bamboo Book Chronicle" states that he was in office for 6 years, died of illness, and was buried in Diquan. During the reign of Nan Geng, the Shang Dynasty's national transportation declined again, and the country was relocated from Pyongyang to Qu (now Qufu County, Shandong Province). After his death, Yang Jia, the son of Zuding, succeeded. The nickname "Shangqing King".

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Brief introduction of Shang mourning Wang Yangjia due to more than civil strife, the Shang Dynasty declined again

King Shang Meng (Yangjia) Zihe, 1320 BC-1314 BC, 7 years in office

The Yangjia was called the elephant weevil in the Oracle inscription, the surname is Hezu, the ancestral son, is the nineteenth king of the Chinese Shang Dynasty , the son of the previous king Zuding, and the brother of the later king Pan Geng. Slave owners and nobles killed each other. Yangjia has no control over the situation. Definitely capitalized in the concubine, when Yang Jia reigned, he went to Dan Shanrong. The Shang Dynasty declined again during the Yangjia period. Since the Zhongding period, the succession of the throne began to be chaotic, causing the princes not to come.

During his 7 years in office, he died of illness and was buried in Diquan.

Introduction

The age of birth and death is unknown. The Yangjia was named the elephant weevil in the Oracle inscriptions, and its surname is He. It was the eighteenth king of the Shang Dynasty in China, the son of the king of the dynasty of the Shang Dynasty, the later brother of the King Pan Geng, and Nan Geng died. He retired from the disease for 7 years (4 years) and was buried in Diquan. When Yang Jia reigned, the Shang Dynasty was in chaos, and slave owners and nobles killed each other. Yangjia has no control over the situation. The capital was set at Yan, Zeng Xizheng Dan Shanrong. During the reign, the Shang Dynasty declined again, and the princes did not. The nickname "Shang Mourning King".

The age of birth and death is unknown. The Yangjia was called the elephant weevil in the Oracle inscriptions, and its surname is He. It is the nineteenth king of the Shang Dynasty in China, the son of the king of the Shang Dynasty, the later brother of the Pan King, and Nan Geng died after he died. During his 7 years in office, he died of illness and was buried in Diquan. During the reign of Yang Jia, the Shang Dynasty was in chaos, and slave owners and nobles killed each other. Yangjia has no control over the situation. The capital will be Yu Yan, who reigned for a total of four years. During the reign, he enlisted Dan Shanrong. During the reign, the Shang Dynasty declined again, and the princes did not.

Reign history

Yang Jia, Zu Dingzi, Nan Geng succeeded after his death. During his 7 years in office, he died of illness and was buried in Diquan.

When Yang Jia reigned, the Shang Dynasty was in chaos, and slave owners and nobles killed each other. Yangjia has no control over the situation.

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Brief Introduction of Shang Shizu Pan Geng

Pan Geng, the oracle name Bengeng surname, ten names, birth and death unknown. The granddaughter, the youngest brother. Yang Jia succeeded after his death. The 20th King of the Shang Dynasty was a great king. In order to change the unstable situation of the society at that time, he was determined to move the capital again to Yin (now Anyang). Rectifying the Shang Dynasty 's politics there brought about a revival of the declining Shang Dynasty. He died of illness and was buried in Yin (now Antun Xiaotun Village).

Biographies

Pan Geng, oracle bones made like Geng, name is ten, birth and death years are unknown. The granddaughter, the youngest brother. Yang Jia succeeded after his death. The 20th King of the Shang Dynasty reigned for 28 years according to the Amendment to the Xia and Shang Anniversary Tables (before 1300-before 1277). In the third year of his reign (before 1298), he moved to Yuyin. Is a very useful king. He died of illness and was buried in Yin (now Anyang).

"Shang Shu Pan Geng" is his speech record before and after Qian Yin. He also advocated frugality, improved ethos, and reduced exploitation, and finally settled the situation. The hard work of the people made Yin develop into a very prosperous city, and the capital city of Shang has been here for more than 270 years. The Shang Dynasty was also called Yin Dynasty Yin and Shang. He is a very useful king. He died of illness and was buried in Yin (now Xiaotunzhuang, Anyang County, Henan Province).

Before Pan Geng, the political situation of the Shang Dynasty was chaotic, the ruling class was extravagant and luxurious, and the rule of the Dynasty was in crisis. After Pan Geng assumed the throne, he decided to move the capital from Qiang (now Qufu, Shandong) to Yin (now Anyang, Henan), which was opposed by the aristocracy. However, Pan Geng determined to move the capital, and wrote a book to sue, and the offenders will be severely punished.

After the capital was moved in 1298 BC, a more enlightened policy was implemented. People lived and worked in peace, cultural development, and society became prosperous and prosperous. Therefore, the quotient can also be called Yin or Yin quotient. After moving to Yin, he used tough means to stop the nobles' attempts to move back to the old capital.

Historical events

Move the capital to Anyang

Twenty kings passed from Shang Tang , and the throne passed to Pan Geng. Pan Geng is a capable monarch. In order to change the unstable situation of the society at that time, he was determined to move the capital again. However, most nobles are eager for ease and are unwilling to relocate. Some influential aristocrats have also instigated civilians to oppose it, causing a lot of trouble.

When the Shang Dynasty established the Shang Dynasty, the earliest kingdoms were in Qiang (yin bó, today's Shangqiu, Henan). In the next three hundred years, the capital relocated five times. This is because the royal family often competed for the throne and civil strife occurred; coupled with the frequent floods in the lower Yellow River. Once there was a flood that flooded the capital and had to move.

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Conclusion

The Shang Dynasty is a dynasty in Chinese history after the Xia Dynasty. The leader of the Shang Dynasty, the prince of the former Xia Dynasty, Shang Tang led the vassal of the lords, Yu Mingtiao, and was established in Shangqiu (now Puyang District, Shangqiu City, Henan Province). Because the deed was sealed in Shang, his descendants, Shang Tang, called his dynasty "Shang"; to Pan Geng, he moved the capital to Yin, so the Shang Dynasty was also called Yin Shang. From 1600 BC to 1046 BC, after 17 generations and 31 queens, the last king Shang Shang was defeated by King Zhou Wu in the battle of Makino.

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