Battle of Pingjin: There is such a scene in the movie "The Great Battle-Battle of Pingjin": Mao Zedong learns that the 35th Ace Army of the Kuomintang North China Commander Fu Zuoyi is fleeing east in Zhangjiakou, trying to escape Peiping is very urgent. He immediately asked Zhou Enlai to generate electricity for the 19th Corps commander Yang Dezhi, political commissar Luo Ruiqing, and chief of staff Geng Yue. Yan, Luo, and Geng must stop the enemy's 35th army from fleeing at new security at all costs. Hold them tightly. put. He led the department to adhere to the new security, and with the 12th brigade officers and soldiers took turns attacking the enemy's 35 army, and fought for 72 hours. He is the founding major general—Zeng Baotang.
General Zeng Baotang (1911-1989.10.2), a native of Xinfeng County, Jiangxi Province. One of the majors of the founding of the People's Liberation Army. He was awarded the two-level August 1st Medal, the two-level Independent Freedom Medal, the first-level Liberation Medal, and the first-class Red Star Merit Medal of the People's Liberation Army.
The telegram dictated by Mao Zedong said: "The 35th Army and Xuanhua Enemy are now fleeing east. Yang, Luo, and Geng Ying complied with repeated orders from the Military Commission to prevent the enemy from fleeing east; If the new security escapes east, Yang, Luo and Geng are responsible. "
The stringent wording of the message is rare, and it shows how much Mao Zedong attaches to the ability to seize the enemy's 35th Army. Indeed, when our army launched the Pingjin Campaign, Fu Zuoyi opposed our army by using its 100,000 troops with 44 divisions and 12 divisions under its jurisdiction, with Zhangjiakou, Peiping, Tianjin, and Tanggu as the hubs, and hundreds of kilometers of traffic. On the line, there was a "line of snakes ". Fu Zuoyi's wishful thinking is: if you can fight, you can fight; if you can't win, you can flee to Suimeng through the Pingsui Railway to the west, and flee to the south through the sea to the east. Understanding the intention of Fu Zuoyi, Mao Zedong and the Central Military Commission decided to cut off the enemy ’s things and escape, and adopted a combat policy of partitioning without encircling, encircling without hitting, and finally annihilating. According to this deployment, the Twelfth Brigade of the Fourth Column of the 19th Corps of the North China Field Army has just captured the new security of the main traffic line on the Pingsui Railway, controlled the enemy ’s east-west railway and highway traffic lines, and turned the enemy into a “long snake array” Waist cut off. Now, the 35th enemy army trapped in Zhangjiakou tried to escape back to Peiping through new security and reopen the traffic line. If the enemy attempts to succeed, the entire plan of our army's Pingjin campaign will be seriously affected. At this juncture, why not annoy Mao Zedong!
The emergency telegraph immediately passed to Yang, Luo and Geng. The military order is so mountainous that it must not be violated. Chief Yang, Luo and Geng felt the problem was very serious. They clearly knew that at present, the new security forces blocking more than 15,000 troops of the 35th enemy's army from fleeing to the east only have the strength of one brigade of the twelfth brigade of the fourth column of the 19th Corps; even if the main force of the regiment is fast, Reinforcement will be rushed after one day and night. That is to say, the twelfth brigade has less than 5,000 troops. It must resolutely withstand the attacks of more than 15,000 enemies and more than 400 cars on the front line of the new security, and it must stand for more than 72 hours!
Facing the severe test, the commander of our 12th Brigade is Jiangxi Xinfeng General Zeng Baotang. Zeng Baotang, who joined the peasant armed riots in Xinfeng County as early as February 1928, and later joined the Red Army of Chinese workers and peasants. China has served as the commander of the Eighth Route Army Barracks and the regiment. Since the liberation war, under the leadership of his old superior and commander Zeng Siyu, he led the army to the North China battlefield. The Fifteenth Army conducted several contests. On July 22, 1948, Zeng Baotang led the Twelfth Brigade as the main offensive task in the battle against Xianghe County, Hebei Province. They bravely and stubbornly stormed into the city, wiped out nearly a thousand defenders, and were awarded the "Military and Political Victory" banner by the column party committee. In October, Zeng Siyu, the commander of the column, led the column to the south to defend Shijiazhuang in Ji'nan. The twelfth brigade led by Zeng Baotang was left to operate alone on the Pingdu line in northern Hebei to alert the enemy. Three days ago, on December 4, they captured the new security and cut off the enemy ’s aorta. Now I have learned that the 35th Army is trying to recapture the new security and flee back to Peiping. How can they make the enemy ’s attempt succeed? Besides, this blockade is related to the whole Pingjin Campaign! Zeng Baotang gave a firm order to the brigade: The entire brigade has to fight to prevent the 35th Army from crossing the new security!
At dawn on December 7th, the enemy's 35th Army commander Guo Jingyun led the Ministry, taking his No. 1st Division as the vanguard, No. 267 Division and other divisions as guards, plus Zhuolu County and Xiahuayuan Enqian More than 16,000 people, in more than 420 cars, covered by more than 10 planes, came straight to the new security from Zhangjiakou. The motor of the car roared, and the rising yellow dust covered the sky. In the face of the fierce enemy, Zeng Baotang calmly calmed down and commanded the army to fight stubbornly. As soon as the enemy vanguard entered Xibaili, it was fought by the 36th regiment of the 12th Brigade, and its operations were blocked. At 10 am, the enemy entered the west gate of the new security city and was stubbornly blocked by the second battalion of the 34th regiment of our army. The battalion braved the turns of 18 enemy aircraft for indiscriminate firing and bombardment with enemy ground artillery, calmly fighting, and concentrated firepower to repel the enemy's multiple charge. The enemy rushed into our position several times, and the soldiers jumped out of the trenches to fight bayonet with the enemy, knocking them back again and again. At 12 noon, the enemy entered the new security city and near the railway station, and concentrated artillery fire bombarded the three battalion positions of the 34th regiment of our army in the northwest corner of the new security city. The three battalion commanders held their ground and repeatedly struggled with the enemy. The fierce battle to the evening, the enemy suffered heavy casualties and advanced only 4 kilometers. At night, the enemy cowered in the new security city waiting for the officers and men.
After a fierce day and a half of fighting, Brigadier Zeng Baotang and Wang Zhaodu, a four-column political commissar who directs the battle directly at this brigade, felt a little tired, but they knew that they couldn't be paralyzed at night, and they should be alert to the enemy's escape. Zeng Baotang took the time to adjust the troop deployment, ordered the troops to overcome all difficulties, and stood firmly against the enemy. At this time, Zeng Siyu, the commander of the column, also sent an urgent telegram: "Resolutely prevent the enemy's 35th Army from fleeing east. Even if one person is sacrificed, the enemy is not allowed to run away. The main force of the column will rush to the brigade with you today." The commander's instructions were conveyed to the brigade. He made a loud slogan: Even if there is only one person left, never let the enemy run away!
Just as the Twelfth Brigade stubbornly blocked the enemy, the commander of the Fourth Column Zeng Siyu was leading the tenth Brigade and the 11th Brigade to the new security. In order to make short cuts, the troops ignored the icy surface of the river and stepped on the ice to cross the river. Many soldiers stepped on the ice and fell into the water. At dawn on the second day, he finally met with the 12th Brigade. "The main force has arrived!" Twelve brigade officers and soldiers who persisted for 24 hours and resolutely withstood the enemy's offensive cheered. Zeng Baotang gave a long breath: the main force arrived, the enemy's 35th Army could not run away!
On December 8th, Zeng Baotang led the brigade to carry forward the style of continuous operations. Together with the main force of the column, he continued to fight fiercely with enemies who attempted to break through. Since then, according to the deployment of Mao Zedong and the Central Military Commission on the temporary "siege but not annihilation" of the enemy of the new security, the 35th Army of the enemy has been besieged in the new security city until December 22nd. . Zeng Baotang led the Twelfth Brigade to stop the enemy troops and was praised by a superior order. Zeng Baotang was very modest in front of the honor. He said: "This time, the first achievement of the capture of the 35 army of the enemy should be attributed to the army of Jirecha Military District. It is more important that they complete the task of blocking the 104th army supported by the east."
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