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Interpretation: Who directed the battle of Pingjin among the three famous battles?
Fun history2014-08-12 13:14:42

Guide: The Battle of Pingjin is the last of the three decisive battles in the liberation war. In order to unify the combat operations in the Ping and Jin areas, the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China decided that Lin Biao, commander of the Northeast Field Army, and Luo Ronghuan, a political commissar, were responsible for unified command of the troops in the Northeast and North China. On January 10, 1949, the CPC Central Committee decided to form Lin Biao, Luo Rongzhen, and Nie Rongzhen (commander of the North China Military Region) to form the party's general committee, with Lin Biao as the secretary and unified leadership to seize and manage all matters in Ping, Jin, Tang and other places.

After the liberation of the Northeast, according to the Kuomintang North China "Zongzong" Fu Zuoyi Group, which guards the front lines of Zhangjiakou, Beiping, Tianjin, and Tangshan, more than 500,000 people, facing the joint strike of the Northeast and North China Liberation Army, have become a panic bird . Whether to withdraw or defend, Jiang Jieshi and Fu Zuoyi each have their own plans. Although their opinions are different, they all overestimate their strength and underestimate our strength. Therefore, the Fu Zuoyi Group adopted a policy of temporarily sticking to Pingjin, ensuring Haikou, and watching changes in the war situation.

In order to prevent the Fu Zuoyi Group from retreating from the south to the west, the Central Military Commission and Mao Zedong decided to jointly hold the Pingjin Battle with the main forces of the Northeast Field Army and the North China Military Region to annihilate the Fu Zuoyi Group on the spot. Quickly concealed entry, suddenly surrounded the enemies of Tangshan, Tanggu, and Tianjin, and cut off the enemy's retreat at sea; Xu Xiangqian Corps stopped attacking Taiyuan, Yang Chengwu Corps withdrew and turned to Sui (now Hohhot) to prevent Fu Zuoyi from fleeing to the northwest after defeating the battle; Fu Zuoyi held negotiations and stabilized them. In the battle of Pingjin, the PLA's total combat strength was more than 1 million.

After the battle of Pingjin began, our army first divided and surrounded the Fu Zuoyi group, cut off its path of retreating westward and retreating southward, and turned this bird that was frightened into a bird in a cage . Then, according to the attack sequence established by Mao Zedong, taking the two ends first and hitting the middle, one by one annihilated the enemies trapped in Xinbaoan, Zhangjiakou, Tianjin and other places, liberated Tianjin and Tanggu. After the liberation of Tianjin, 250,000 enemies in Peiping were in despair. In order to protect the ancient cultural city of Peiping, the Central Military Commission decided to continue negotiations with Fu Zuoyi and strive for peaceful takeover of Peiping. Through negotiations, Fu Zuoyi accepted the "Eight Peace Conditions" proposed by Mao Zedong, and led the Ministry to accept the peaceful adaptation. On January 31, 1949, the Battle of Pingjin ended successfully, the People's Liberation Army entered Beiping City, and Beiping declared complete liberation.

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