The film "General Sabre", filmed by Changchun Film Studio in 1982 and released in mainland China, shows He Jian and Yan Jun, two senior Kuomintang generals. On the eve of the Huaihai Campaign in 1948, they led Jia Wang and Taierzhuang to defend the land. A total of 23,000 Kuomintang officers and soldiers in the three and a half divisions surrendered to the story. The prototype of his "Sabre General" He Jian, the underground member of the Chinese Communist Party, Zhang Kexia. Zhang Kexia once possessed a dagger with a total length of 380 mm and a blade length of 255 mm. The sword was engraved with the words "unsuccessful and benevolence", and the sword was engraved with the words "School. Zhongzheng Gift". This sword is called "Zhongzheng Sword", which was specially customized in Germany in the summer of 1933 by Jiang Jieshi in order to win people's hearts. Not many generals have been given the Zhongzheng Sword. Because Zhang Kexia has been given this sword, he is known as the "General Sabre".
Taierzhuang, a town in Lunan, is a glorious, successful and heroic place for General Zhang Kexia, because the Taierzhuang war, Lunan battle and Huaihai battle that happened in Taierzhuang area are closely related to this "unknown hero". contact. To this day, it is necessary to dig up and study the historical data of this "underground party", let it go from behind the scenes to the front, and let the people of Taierzhuang sincerely commemorate him and praise his great achievements.
First, Zhang Kexia during the Taierzhuang War
Zhang Kexia, born in Xian County, Hebei Province, was born on October 7, 1900. After graduating from Baoding Army Officer School in 1923, he joined General Feng Yuxiang 's army. In 1927, he studied at Sun Yat-sen University in Moscow. In 1929, under the guidance of Zhang Yuya, an adjunct of Feng Yuxiang, an underground party member of the Communist Party of China, and the introduction of two underground party members of Zhang Cunshi and Li Xiangwu, he secretly joined the Communist Party of China in Shanghai and was approved by the Party Central Committee as a "special party member." After joining the party, Zhang Cunshi said to Zhang Kexia: "Comrade Zhou Enlai cares about you and greets you. He is now the Minister of the Organization Department and the Military Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. In the future, he will directly lead your work." Soon, Zhang Kexia was sent by Zhou Enlai. The Northwest Army "latent" and made use of its relationship with Feng Yuxiang to gradually become the chief of staff of Zhang Zizhong's 59th Army. Since then, Zhang Kexia has had two identities, light and dark: what is publicly known is the Kuomintang officer, and what is secret is the "special party member" of the Chinese Communist Party. In the KMT army with many factions, Zhang Kexia has extensive network resources. The "Baoding Department", "Northwest Department" and "Huangpu Department" all have his share. He can meet with classmates, colleagues, teachers, students, old bosses, and subordinates everywhere, and he is "brother-in-law" with Feng Yuxiang, which has created favorable conditions for him to be undercover in the Northwest Army for 21 years.
During the Battle of Taierzhuang in 1938, Zhang Kexia, as the chief of staff of the 59th Army of Zhang Zizhong, directly participated in the Huaihe slamming battle of the Taierzhuang battle, Linyi slamming battle, and the retreat of Taierzhuang defense after the war.
In February 1938, the 51 Army Yu Xuezhong, who was based in various places in Huainan, was gradually overwhelmed by the attack of the superior Japanese army, and it gradually retreated, so that the Huai River did not defend. At that time, the 59th Army with Zhang Zizhong as the army commander and Zhang Kexia as the chief of staff served the order of Li Zongren , commander of the 5th Theater District, to assist Bengbu Yu Xuezhong. Overcoming Cao Laoji and Xiao Bengbu in Huaibei in one fell swoop, enemies of the northern criminals were frightened and fled, and completely restored the northern shore position of the Huaihe River, crushing the Japanese army ’s north-south pinch, opening Jinpu, and attacking Xuzhou.
After the siege of the Huaihe River, the 59th Army was deployed to defend near Tengxian, north of Xuzhou, to prepare to attack the enemies of Luzhou and Jining. During the deployment, Li Zongren ordered him to change his plan, suspend the northward advance, and immediately assisted Peng Bingxun, the 40th Army trapped in Linyi, Shandong. The military order is like a mountain, and act now. Led by Zhang Zizhong and Zhang Kexia, the 59th Army rushed to Tengxian from Tengxian County and marched out of Linyi City on March 12 with a rapid march of 180 days and nights. According to an article recalled by the KMT leader Liu Jingyue, the 59th Army arrived in Linyi City without a firm footing. Chief of Staff Zhang Kexia accompanied Captain Zhang Zizhong to Pang Bingxun's headquarters to study the battle plan. Pang Bingxun suggested to stick to the city defense. Zhang Zizhong sought Zhang Kexia's opinion because Zhang Kexia had studied military affairs in Baoding, Huangpu, and Sun Yat-sen University in Moscow, and had the talent of "strategic planning." Zhang Kexia said categorically: "I don't agree with this approach. I think we have more troops than the enemy, which is our only advantage, but in terms of combat effectiveness and weapons and equipment, we are far less than the enemy. Moreover, Linyi City is not too small The ground, if you gather the hedgehogs of a large army and stick to them by map, you are bound to fight yourself. Now the enemy has a blazing artillery and a powerful air force, and it also has modern tanks and armored troops to destroy the city. It is easy to resist. Maybe instead, many officers and soldiers will be killed. Therefore, I suggest that you launch an offensive and use the 59 army to fight in the field outside the city and attack the enemy siege side by side. Use the melee night combat method to fight for an unexpected victory to reduce the pressure of the defensive forces. It can cut its way back and block its reinforcements. After the field forces begin to attack, the garrison troops should send powerful troops to carry out a strong attack and think of coordination. This will not only enhance my strengths, but also attack the enemy's shortness. I do n’t know Pang Does the general think it is okay? "At that time Pang Bingxun called Gao Lian and expressed his full agreement. Captain Zhang Zizhong also agreed. Later, they studied the time and details of the attack together, and Zhang Kexia made good suggestions.
After reaching a consensus, the 59th Army was able to cross the Yi River with a thunderbolt in the middle of the night. It was inserted into the right side of the enemy's Banyuan Division in one fell swoop, at the Buddha's head, Sha Lingzi, Dushutou, Taiping. , Chen family Taiping, Xu family Taiping a series of villages, repeatedly rushing to kill, fighting hard. The enemy was unexpected and suffered heavy losses. Our army wiped out more than 2,000 enemies overnight. I also suffered many casualties. The enemy then abandoned the siege and turned to fight the 59th Army. Afterwards, the two sides started a large-scale battle on the banks of the Yi River, causing the fronts to be staggered and the village to be recovered. In three days of fierce fighting, they rushed to kill no less than hundreds of times and wounded more than 3,000 Japanese soldiers. The casualties of my 38th division and 180th division were over 4,000 each. The platoon leader of the two divisions almost changed again, and the battalion commander also suffered a third of the casualties.
On the night of March 15, Captain Zhang Zizhong ordered both the battalion commander and regiment commander to the front line, the brigade commander and division commander to the regiment command post, and the army commander visited the front lines of the two divisions. And all the artillery of the army was advanced to the front of the front line. Before dusk, they concentrated their firepower on the enemy's positions. After the night, all officers and men went into battle and stormed the enemies in more than ten villages such as Liujiahu, Miaozhuang, Chuanliu, and Guanzhuang. On the night of the 16th of the month, it was claimed that the Iron Army's Itagaki Division had no resistance and had more than a thousand dead bodies, fleeing to the soup head 50 kilometers north of Linyi. Our army chased to the front line of Dongguantun, Baita Temple, and Lucun, forming a confrontation with the enemy of Tangtou.
After the enemy besieged in Linyi was defeated, the 59th Army was ordered to leave a brigade under the command of Captain Pang Bingxun to defend Linyi, and the rest of the troops went to Feixian to respond to the army's battle. On March 20, 59 troops arrived in Feixian. Tangtou's enemy reconnaissance 59 army had been transferred, and at the same time was reinforced by the Sakamoto brigade, and began to storm on Linyi. Pang Bingxun called for help twice, anxious . The 59th Army also ordered Xingye to return to Linyi, and arrived in the northwestern area of Linyi on March 25. They immediately attacked the enemy's side, and the enemy fought back with all their strength. Our army fought bloodlessly without any help, and suffered heavy losses. Stalemate was redeployed on March 29 and attacked across the board. The enemy retreated northward, and I pursued with victory. As of March 31, most of the enemy turned northeast and one retreated eastward. During the two previous Linyi operations, more than 800 cadres at all levels were killed and wounded by the 59th Army, and tens of thousands of soldiers. However, more than half of the enemy Sakagaki division could not be moved westward, which laid a favorable foundation for the subsequent victory of Taierzhuang .
The victory of Linyi is inseparable from the military will of the generals who are not afraid of sacrifice, and the brave and warlike commander of Zhang Zizhong's command, and his command is determined. After the blockade in Linyi, Zhang Zizhong was promoted to the rank of 27th Army Regiment for his merit and still served as the 59th Army. Zhang Kexia was also promoted to Chief of Staff of the 27th Army and still served as Chief of Staff of the 59th Army.
In May 1938, the Taierzhuang War was over, and the fifth theater was ordered to transfer. The 59th Army was ordered to cover the Taierzhuang and Xuzhou breakout forces in the fifth theater order. At that time, there were only 9,000 officers and soldiers in the whole army and only about 6,000 combatants. In the southeast area of Xiao County, he battled with the enemy for two days and nights, so that 300,000 troops in the theater were safely separated from the battlefield. When the 59th Army withdrew to the Xixikou in the southwest of Xiao County, they met the enemy who came to intercept it from Bengbu. At that time, the officers of the military division were engaged in battle. After all passed safely, the 59th Army withdrew from the battlefield, and proceeded to Xuchang via Wucheng. Later he went to Xinyang for rectification.
During the Battle of Taierzhuang, the 59th Army suffered a heavy loss and could not be supplemented in a timely and effective manner. However, the spirit of continuous hard work, tenacious struggle, and surprisingly successful wins won praise from both China and foreign countries. The famous American writer Smedley interviewed Zhang Kexia and praised Zhang Kexia as "an outstanding person." Zhang Xia ’s accompanying aide, Wang Xingyi, said in the recall article: "I became an aide to Comrade Zhang Kexia. I naturally had the opportunity to approach him and get to know him, especially on the front line. He has always focused on investigation and accumulation According to the data, my first task is to post a military map on the wall of his bedroom where the march goes, and to mark the situation between the enemy and us, and then he can amend it at any time according to the changes in the situation between the enemy and us. " Lu Yan praised Zhang Kexia in his interview article: "The battle of Taierzhuang, the Chinese nation was elated, and it also showed that the heroine (ie Zhang Kexia) commanded a generous and extraordinary talent. He is indeed a great military strategist and great Politician. " It can be seen that Zhang Kexia is an outstanding chief of staff, which not only helped Zhang Zizhong to fight, achieved the honor of General Zhang Zizhong, but also made outstanding contributions to the battle of Taierzhuang.
Zhang Kexia at the Battle of Lunan
The battle of Lunan took place from January 2nd to 20th, 1947. Under the command of Chen Yi and Su Yu , the Shandong People's Liberation Army and Central China Field Army in Lunan wiped out two KMT editors and a rapid column. , Captured the 26th division commander Ma Liwu and the 51st division commander Zhou Yuying. After the war, Chen Yi proudly wrote the poem "The Great Victory of Lunan": "Fast Columns are flying, Indian and Burmese are advocating. Lunan is muddy, the tanks are turned into waste iron piles. The Fast Columns are now 矣, 20 What is the purpose of the Sixth Division? Xue Yue , Xuzhou, covered her face with tears, and the thief in Nanjing should cry. "Some of the captured KMT officers and soldiers said mournfully:" We have been fighting against Japan for three years in the Indian-Myanmar battlefield, and we have been rushing forward. We can also look down on it. We never thought that when we came to Lunan, we lost so badly. "
The battle of Lunan was divided into two phases. The battlefield in the first stage was in Taierzhuang, Majiazhuang, Taizitang, north of Lanling, and Tangtang, mainly attacking and reorganizing the 26th division; the battlefield in the second stage was in Lixian and Zaozhuang, mainly reorganizing the 51th division. The reason why the Kuomintang army failed so quickly and so miserably, although there are many reasons, one of the important ones is that the friendly forces that are close at hand are weak and the response is weak. Who is this friendly force that does not actively cooperate and does not actively respond? Looking back at history, it turned out that it was the Kuomintang army led by Zhang Kexia, who was stationed on the Grand Canal defense lines such as Jiawang, Hanzhuang, Wannianzha, and Taierzhuang. General Su Yu said in the recollection article: "During the siege of this group of enemies (Ma Liwu's reorganized 26th division), the enemies of Zaozhuang and Yixian had sent some troops to the east, all of which were repelled by me and destroyed one of them The enemy reorganized the 33rd Army with a force to the Hengshan area for a little harassment and then withdrew south. "At that time, Zhang Kexia was the deputy commander of the Lieutenant General of the Third Appeasement Zone of the Kuomintang and directly directed and reorganized the 33rd Army and other troops. Strong soldiers and strong horses . However, in the battle of Lunan, he first kept his guard, as stable as Mount Tai, and did not respond to the friendly forces. Later, under the strict order of Chief Xue Yue even in Chiang Kai-shek, he had to send a small unit to shake the flag and scream for a while. Closing his hands, he watched as Ma Liwu and Zhou Yuying were eaten by the PLA. From this point, it can be seen that it was Zhang Kexia who secretly weakened the KMT's strength and strongly supported the PLA's attack, which really played the role of "undercover party members and the underground front."
After the victory of the Battle of Lunan, General Su Yu commented on the characteristics of the battle in Lunan as follows: "First, the enemy's position is very long. From Xinzhuang (now Cangshan County), Zaozhuang, and Tai'erzhuang to Xuzhou, it became a corner of the state. Easy to respond to each other The army also has a rapid column composed of multiple arms, which has not been played in the past. The third is the cooperative battle between the two field army associations in Shandong and Central China. The first contact between the battle commander and half of the participating troops was unfamiliar with each other. These have made me more diligent and extra cautious in assisting Comrade Chen Yi in directing this battle. "
According to historical records and reminiscence articles from the military figures of the Chinese Communist Party and the Communist Party, Zhang Kexia had contact and contact with Chen Yi before the Battle of Lunan, which laid an important foreshadowing for the "internal and external cooperation". In December 1945, a secret emissary sent by Chen Yi, Zhang Guoen, took over with Zhang Kexia through the relationship between the First Division of the KMT and the Sixth Army and a special party member of the Communist Party of China. When Zhang Kexia took the letter Chen Yi wrote to him from Zhang Guoen, he watched while showing surprise and surprise. He waved his hand to signal the lieutenant to step down, lowered his voice and asked Zhang Guoen: "Who are you?" Zhang Guoen truthfully introduced his situation. With a smile on his face, Zhang Kexia said, "Welcome! Welcome! Welcome to Comrade Zhang! Thank you Comrade Chen Yi! Please go back to meet Comrade Chen Yi, and pay my respects and greetings to him. At the same time, please report back as soon as you return Comrade Chen Yi said that I have important information and opinions to report to and request from Chief Chen Jun. I asked Chief Chen Yi or send important cadres to meet with me. The time and place of the meeting can be contacted by the center of the court. "Zhang Guoen said immediately after returning Report to Chen Yi. After the incident, Zhang Guoen recalled: "I do n’t know what Chen Yi wrote to Zhang Kexia, but judging by Zhang Kexia's expression, I guess he must be his comrade." After receiving Zhang Guoen's report, Chen Yi immediately sent Jinpu to the front line. Song Shilun, chief of staff of the field army, and Wang Shaoyong, director of the Urban Engineering Department of Lunan District Party Committee, went to meet Zhang Kexia in order to listen to his opinions. On December 31, 1945, under the leadership of Zhang Guoen, Song Shilun and Wang Shaoyong successfully arrived at the division of Wu Tingbin. Wu Tingbin was also very pleased to see senior leaders of the Chinese Communist Party for the first time. While calling Zhang Kexia to report, he called his wife and children to meet, and hosted a banquet for Song and Wang Jiefeng. Wang Shaoyong felt that he did not bring a meeting gift to the children of Yun Tingbin. He was very sad, so he found a small piece of gold in his arms and said, "I ’m very sorry for the first meeting without a gift! This little thing is for the little nephew to buy sugar Eat it. "Wu Tingbin repeatedly quit and refused to accept it. After persuasion by Song Shilun and Zhang Guoen repeatedly, he reluctantly accepted it. At this time, Zhang Kexia and He Jizhen (members of the CCP ’s underground party and deputy commander of the KMT 33rd Army also received Chiang Kai-shek's "Zhongzheng Sword.") Also rushed to Wu Tingbin's division. The two parties talked secretly for six or seven hours and did not end until two o'clock in the morning. In this conversation, Zhang Kexia and He Jizheng proposed to Song Shilun that the commander of the 33rd Army Corps, Feng Zhi'an, hopes to preserve strength and is unwilling to fight the civil war. They will persuade him to stay in place and cooperate with the Kuomintang Huaihai Appeasement Office Director, Sixth Route Army Commander-in-chief Hao Pengju was stranded together in the existing position, and called the 19th Army of the Kuomintang (commander-in-chief Chen Daqing) to advance north alone to allow the PLA to concentrate its superior forces and eliminate Chen Daqing's ministry. Then, striving for Feng Zhian and Hao Peng to retreat to Xuzhou, the People's Liberation Army could just follow the victory and form a siege to Xuzhou. On the evening of January 4, 1946, Chen Yi also personally held talks with Hao Pengju to persuade him to withdraw from the civil war and hold a battlefield uprising. Hao Pengju said: He must consider Chen Yi's suggestion. Unexpectedly, the news was revealed, and Commander Gu Zhutong of the Third Theater Command was greatly frightened. Later, Zhang Kexia saw a confidential document in Gu's Xuzhou camp, which contained two contents: First, the army was reorganized, the 33rd Army was changed to the third appeasement zone, and the sixth army of Pengju Hao was placed under the command of the third appeasement zone. . As for why this was done, Secret Telecommunications explained that this was in accordance with Chiang Kai-shek's instructions and that all the adapted and unadapted puppet troops should be settled in order to respond to the strong call from the country's public opinion to punish traitors. The second is about the operational deployment of the offensive liberated areas. On January 7, Zhang Kexia rushed to the station of Hao Peng's Ministry in Taierzhuang. While talking with Hao Pengju, he deliberately disclosed to Hao Pengju the news that Chiang Kai-shek had ordered the dissolution of the puppet army. Hao Pengju—listen, his face turned grey. Zhang Kexia took the opportunity to say: "I'm afraid you have only one way out now." Hao Peng raised his heart and said, "Chen Jun has sent someone to contact him. He will meet again tonight to discuss specific details." "Great This is a crucial moment in your life's future. You must take the initiative and never hesitate! "Zhang Kexia said. In this way, with the concerted efforts of many parties, Hao Peng stationed in Taierzhuang raised his uprising. However, Hao Pengju was a capricious guy. A year later, he rebelled against the revolution and was finally captured by the PLA.
From the above historical facts, we can see that Zhang Kexia's "Underground Front" contributed to the Lunan Campaign. As evaluated in the book "Sword General Zhang Kexia" (Chinese Literature and History Press, April 1987): "The Chinese Revolution led by the Communist Party of China is long-term, vigorous, and complex. In this great cause that has shaken human history Among them, countless outstanding Chinese sons and daughters wrote heroic chapters that can sing and weep. Some of them battled and killed their enemies on the battlefield; some dueled in the tiger's den in the white zone with bare hands; some posts were open; some jobs were secret .All of this is for a common lofty ideal: to create a bright new China and a happy new world. "
Third, Zhang Kexia during the Huaihai Campaign
The Huaihai campaign was one of the "three major battles" in the third state-communist civil war. It began on November 6, 1948 and ended on January 10, 1949, and lasted 65 days. The battle centered on Xuzhou, starting from Haizhou in the east, Shangqiu in the west, Lincheng (now Xuecheng, Zaozhuang) in the north, and the Huaihe River in the south. The Chinese Communist Party called this battle the "Huaihai Campaign" and the Chinese Kuomintang called it the "Xu Meng Campaign." Xuzhou Bandit Command Headquarters Du Kunming and Liu Kun commanded more than 555,000 people in the five Corps, 22 military divisions, and 56 divisions of the Republic of China. They were destroyed by the East China Field Army and the Central Plains Field Army under the command of the CPC's Huaihai Campaign General Enemy Committee. adaptation. At the same time, there were 134,000 casualties in the PLA.
The most important line of defense in the Huaihai Campaign is the northern line of defense, that is, the Grand Canal line of defense connected by Hanzhuang, Jiawang, Wannianzha, and Taierzhuang. As long as the national army strengthens its defense and guards heavily, it can stop or delay the release of the army to the south. Ensuring Xuzhou safety. Who knew that just two days after the Huaihai Campaign started on November 8, 1948, Zhang Kexia and He Jizhen led 23,000 officers and men to revolt in Jiawang and Taierzhuang areas. As a result, the Xuzhou defense lines carefully deployed by the Kuomintang Army completely messed up, and a 80-kilometre opening was opened in the northeast canal defense line. The three columns of the East China Field Army of the People's Liberation Army quickly passed the location of the insurgent forces and penetrated Longhai, cutting off the connection between the Kuomintang Army Huang Baitao Corps and Xuzhou. On November 22, Huang Baitao's regiment was siege in Nianzhuang area 10 kilometers south of Taierzhuang. Although the results are brilliant, the victory is not easy. Zhang Kexia also almost fell into the tiger's mouth when he organized the uprising. According to the information in the "Diary of Zhang Kexia Army" (March 2007 edition of the Chinese People's Liberation Army Press), on November 2, 1948, the telephone at the frontline command post of the Third Appeasement Command of the Kuomintang Army in Jiawang Suddenly, Zhang Kexia called from Xuzhou. Zhang Kexia told He Jizhen: A situation just happened in Xuzhou. The 59th army commander Liu Zhensan was going to Shanghai on the grounds of seeing a doctor, and Feng Zhi'an (then commander of the Kuomintang's Third Appeasement District) had already approved it. If this happened in normal times, it is normal, but on the eve of the uprising, it is very likely that Liu Zhensan's departure was something he had noticed, and he did not want to follow the troops if he wanted to come. Moreover, he had told everyone at the cadre meeting above the regiment before leaving: "The army has something to listen to Deputy Commander Meng (Shaoxing)." "Obviously, this is a hint." Zhang Kexia analyzed on the phone and said . He Jichen was also worried about this, but he still thought in a good way and said, "Liu Zhensan is gone, which is good for the uprising!"
The next day, a new situation came up: On the afternoon of November 3, Li Baoshan, the 37th division commander, ordered the 111th regiment in Hanzhuang to withdraw the southern bank of the canal. It can be seen at a glance that this is preventing mutations. He Jizheng and Zhang Kexia immediately talked on the phone and judged that the uprising work might have been "divided." Therefore, they decided to inform Zhang Zhaofu, the head of the 111th regiment, to leave a battalion controlled by Wang Shijiang (member of the CCP ’s underground party) north of the canal, so that they could take the lead in the uprising when necessary to contact the PLA. On November 5, when the East China Field Army officially notified He Jizhen of the uprising time of the third appeasement zone at 12 o'clock on November 8th, the 10th column of the East China Field Army had crossed Tengxian and Guanqiao and was marching toward Hanzhuang. . What was unexpected was that at this moment, a gunshot sounded suddenly in front of the three battalions of the 111th regiment stationed on the northern bank of the Hanzhuang Canal. Battalion commander Wang Shijiang knew that the situation had changed, so he ordered the company commander to inspect it. Soon, the commander of the nine company brought back two PLA soldiers. So Wang Shijiang's third battalion took the lead in uprising according to Song Shilun's order. At this time, Zhang Kexia and He Jichen were still in the dark. On November 7, Zhang Kexia was called from Jiawang to Xuzhou by Feng Zhian and could not get rid of him. Seeing that the last day of the uprising was left, it was really disturbing! Feng Zhi'an was wary of Zhang Kexia, because Zhang Kexia had mobilized him uprising many times. Therefore, when the war came, Feng Zhi'an "ordered" Zhang Kexia to live in Xuzhou, and he was not allowed to approach the army. There was a full day of meetings on the 7th. In the evening, Feng Zhian asked Chen Jiyan to preside over the meeting, and went to entertain Qiu Qingquan himself. At this time, Zhang Kexia received one call after another. Chen Jiyan asked: "Who's calling? Is there anything urgent?" Zhang Kexia calmly replied, "Deputy Commander He urged me to go to Jia Wang. In addition to fighting is urgent, what else is urgent?" The meeting was held until At 00:00 on the 8th continued. Zhang Kexia couldn't get rid of himself, and said in a hurry, "The battle ahead is urgent. It is not appropriate for the commander to stay here. Let them go back tonight to prepare and come again tomorrow." This opinion was approved by the majority of participants and the meeting had to end. Zhang Kexia returned to the office with anxiety , simply packed up his equipment, and awakened the driver He Jiexiu at about 4 am. He deceived the sentry as "Deputy Commander Zhang" and rushed out of Xuzhou. At 8 am on the 8th, Zhang Kexia rushed to Jia Wang and gave Feng Zhian a phone call in Jia Wang stating the reason: "The commander-in-chief, the war is imminent. I must share our lives with our troops." At the same time, he asked Feng Zhian again. Came to the front line of Jiawang to sit and command.
Feng Zhi'an knew of fraud, but he had no choice but to make a favourable relationship and ordered Zhang Kexia to be in charge of commanding the battle at the front. The uprising was originally scheduled for 12 o'clock on November 8, but Zhang Kexia and He Jizhen decided to act two hours in advance after discussing with the representative of the People's Liberation Army, Yang Side. In this way, when Zhang Kexia returned to Jiawang two hours. The uprising began: the 59th Army of the Kuomintang Army was assembled in Taierzhuang under the leadership of Zhang Kexia and deputy commander Meng Shaoling; the 132nd Division was directed by division commander Jia Jiafang, North moved to the north of She County to regroup; the 111th Regiment of the 37th Division was led by Li Liancheng to regroup in She County; He Jizheng won Liu Zizhen's uprising regiment at the last moment after the uprising of the frontline command post and the direct troops to Qiantang Transfer. At dawn on November 10. The various insurgent forces have reached designated locations north of the canal. On November 12, Zhang Guangzhong, commander of the Luzhongnan Military Region of the People's Liberation Army, and Gaoketing, a political commissar, welcomed the insurgents. On November 28, He Jizheng, Zhang Kexia, Meng Shaoxing, Guo Jiafang, Cui Zhenlun, and Yang Qian jointly called Chen Yi, Rao Shushi, Zhang Yunyi, Su Yu, and Tan Zhenlin, and energized the whole country. They announced their departure from the Kuomintang reactionary camp and revolted in the battlefields of Jiawang and Taierzhuang. According to Zhu Lin, former Minister of Social Affairs of the East China Bureau of the Communist Party of China, on November 8th, when Chiang Kai-shek learned that Zhang Kexia and He Jizhen, two "general sabers", led an uprising, they were extremely angry and thundered, threatening Nanjing to martial law and hunting down suspects. On the same day, a "little news" was published in the "news" of Nanjing newspapers, saying that Zhang Kexia and He Jizheng led a regiment to "rebel." According to an article recalled by former Kuomintang rebel officer Peng Bingxin: On November 8th, from early morning to dusk, Jiang Ji continued to scout, fire and bombard. When Xia Chia was speaking to all officers and men of the 59th Army, enemy planes suddenly bombed and Kia Xia was in danger. Because of the usual prestige of Ke Xia among officers and men, he could smoothly mobilize the troops. The army was concealed in a timely manner with little loss. Ke Xia commanded calmly, avoiding danger, and keeping the troops in order, without chaos, and the uprising went smoothly. On the night of November 9, the insurgents crossed the canal from Taierzhuang from south to north, and entered the area of Lunan Mazhuang on the 10th. In the Shandong Liberated Area, San Ye sent Vice Minister Chen Tongsheng to welcome and offer condolences. After the insurgents arrived in the liberated area, they evacuated the battlefield, and the officers and men were in a very good spirit. Since then, they have embarked on a new life.
After Zhang and He led the uprising, according to the instructions of the East China Bureau, the insurgents were reorganized into two army 59 army and 77 army, Zhang Kexia served as the 59 army commander. On January 10, 1949, the Huaihai Campaign ended. The 59th Army and the East China Field Army Bohai Column were jointly composed as the 33rd Army of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. Zhang Kexia served as the captain and belonged to the ninth Corps of the Third Field Army. Subsequently, Zhang Ke quickly led the army. Participated in the battle across the river. Destroyed more than 10,000 enemies in the pursuit of Guangde. Later, he participated in the Battle of Liberation Shanghai and served as Chief of Staff of Songhu Police District.
In 1950 after the founding of the People's Republic of China, Zhang Kexia requested that he withdraw from the military world, move to another place, and participate in the work of greening the motherland. He has successively served as a member of the East China Military and Political Committee, the Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, the Director of the Forestry Bureau of the East China Administrative Committee, the Deputy Minister of the Central Forestry Department, a member of the Party Group and concurrently the President of the Chinese Academy of Forestry. In the forestry front, he traveled to the mountains and rivers of his motherland, and once visited the Yimeng Mountain and Taierzhuang areas where he fought to guide the forestry and greening work. On July 7, 1984, on the 47th anniversary of the Lugouqiao Incident he participated in, he silently walked through the last arduous journey in his life, at the age of 84. At the farewell ceremony of the Babaoshan Revolutionary Cemetery Hall, party leaders and national leaders such as Hu Yaobang, Ye Jianying , Deng Xiaoping, Zhao Ziyang, Peng Zhen, Deng Yingchao, and Wan Li gave wreaths. Song Renqiong, Qiao Shi, Song Shilun, Zhang Zhen, Han Nianlong, and Yang Shide More than 300 people including friends, relatives, and former Northwest Army Robe Ze participated in the farewell ceremony.
To sum up, Zhang Kexia and Taierzhuang have a deep relationship and sincere feelings. "Whether in the period of the War of Resistance Against Japan or the second civil war between the Communist Party and the Communist Party of China, he was in southern Jiangsu and northern Jiangsu. On the battlefield, they silently charged, withstood the severe test, and deserved to be the "Unknown Hero" of the Communist Party of China and a loyal fighter of Communism. Let us remember him and remember him forever!
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