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"He Mei Agreement" in doubt: He Yingqin denied signing "Takahashi Letter"
Fun history2015-06-02 11:32:22

He Yingqin believed that Japan was looking forward to China's refusal to withdraw. In order to obtain an excuse for military conflict, at that time the Chinese garrison in Hebei did not have a deployment of combat. On June 9, he suggested to Jiang that the Central Army be dispatched to Henan Province, "with the aim of preserving Pingjin and the country's vitality and keeping it as the basis for a protracted war of resistance." After receiving Wang's instructions on the morning of the 10th, he met Gaoqiao in the afternoon of the same day and verbally stated: "(1) The withdrawal of the Party Headquarters in Hebei Province has been ordered today. It will end now; (2) The 51st Army has Began to move, scheduled to start on the 11th. Transportation to Henan Province by train will be completed on the 25th of this month, but if there is a lack of vehicles, it may need to be extended for a few days; (3) The 25th and 2nd divisions have decided to adjust them . It is scheduled to be shipped within one month; (4) The prohibition of xenophobia and exclusion of the whole country has been reiterated by the National Government. "Takahashi expressed satisfaction with He Yingqin's reply and left without exception. Therefore, He Yingqin originally thought that the "Hebei incident" had come to an end. But the next day (11th) Takahashi went to the military branch again and met with Zhu Shiqin, deputy leader of the general office of the military branch. He was asked to send a Japanese text book and asked He Qin to send it back with a stamp. The full text of the book is as follows:

A. On the Chinese side, the matters that the Japanese army had implemented were as follows: (1) Yu Xuezhong and Zhang Tingde were dismissed. (2) Jiang Xiaoxian, Ding Chang, Zeng Xingqing, and He Yifei were fired. (3) The death of the Third Regiment of the Gendarmerie. (4) Dissolution of the Political Training Department of the Military Branch and Beiping Military Magazine. (5) The ban on the so-called Lanyi Club, Fuxing Club and other secret agencies harmful to the diplomatic relations between China and Japan is not allowed. (6) Withdrawal of all party departments in Hebei Province and withdrawal of Peking Branch of Inspiration Club. (7) The Fifty-first Army retired from outside Hebei Province. (/) The Second Division and the 25th Division retreated from outside Hebei Province, and the dissolution of the 25th Division student training class. (9) General in China Xenophobic prohibition.

B. Regarding the implementation of the above items. It also acknowledges the attached items: (1) Matters agreed with the Japanese side must be implemented within the agreed period, and personnel and institutions that make Sino-Japanese relations bad are not allowed to re-enter. (2) When appointing provincial and municipal staff, they hope to accommodate the hope of Japan. Choose people who do not make China-Japan relations bad. (3) Regarding the implementation of the agreed matters, monitoring and picketing measures shall be adopted in the former aspect.

The above is for the sake of memorandum.

Kakushu is an informal document submitted by Japan to the other side in diplomacy. It is widely used in various institutions and mostly contains some binding clauses. Chinese can be translated as a "memorandum".

The purpose of Gaoqiao's sentiment book is that one hopes that the Chinese side will verbally promise to make it written and increase its binding force, and the second one adds "attached matters", so that all administrative staff in North China must comply with the intention of the Japanese side. The bridge raised its value, and wanted to create the wrong impression that He Yingqin had an equivalent status on the document. He Yingqin was furious that Takahashi regarded him as the opponent of this negotiation. In addition to the principle that the Central Committee of Nanjing does not have to use words or writing, Zhu Shiqin sent the book back and explained to Gao Qiao that the points that the Japanese side hopes have been automatically implemented by the North China authorities. There is no need to reply in writing. , Said that he had refused to sign the book of Takahashi and obtained the consent of Nanjing.

On June 13, He Yingqin concluded with the Hebei incident. And to avoid Takahashi still entangled. He left Peiping to Nanjing to report the incident to the government. On the same day, Takahashi came to the military branch again, and still submitted a written document exactly the same as the aforementioned "Takahashi Kakusho", except that the "Kakushu" was officially changed to a "memorandum", requiring Takahashi to represent Meiji Mijiro, the military branch The Director of the General Office, Bao Wenji, signed on behalf of He Yingqin. However, this request was still rejected by He Yingqin. Takahashi then continued to negotiate with the personnel of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Peiping, saying that the memorandum was handled by the order of the Tokyo Military Department, and if it could not be achieved, it could not be revived. China has repeatedly refused. The Japanese side then made a concession and gave up asking for a memorandum, and only asked the Chinese side to give a written notice of commitment. After repeated consultations between the two parties and amendments to the text, on July 6, with the consent of the Executive Yuan Wang Jingwei , He Yingqin sent a normal letter to the Peiping Army Branch and sent someone to Takahashi to Meijin. The full text is as follows:

The opener , all the matters raised by the Chief of Staff of Sakai on June 9, promised. And autonomously expected to do so. Hereby notified. Sincerely,

His Excellency Commander Meijin

He Yingqin Republic of China July 6, 24

Gao Qiao accepted the typed note, and the Hebei incident came to an end.

This typed note, according to He Yingqin, was only a simple "notification", which he himself had not signed or sealed. From the Japanese standpoint, however, it is deemed that the "agreement" between the two sides has been established. At first, the Japanese mostly called the "North China Agreement" as an excuse to undermine China's administrative sovereignty in North China. Bao Wenxuan, director of the General Office of the Military Branch, and Shang Zhen, chairman of Hebei Province, struggled to cope. In early December 1935, because Japanese military planes arbitrarily flew over Peiping for demonstrations on the basis of the "Agreement", He Yingqin issued a statement through a newspaper for the first time, denying the existence of the "Agreement"; The school principal and student representatives spoke publicly and denied the He Mei agreement . Although China has repeatedly denied. However, the Japanese side ignored it. It can be said that after the "memory letter" was issued, the dispute over the "He Mei Agreement" had begun.

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