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Comparison of the Second Opium War and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement
Fun history2016-10-22 11:27:56

The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement was the last peasant uprising war in Chinese history. During this peasant uprising war, it promulgated its own programmatic documents, the "Tian Chao Tian Mu System" and "A New Chapter of Capital Management", and proposed the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom in these two programmatic documents. The purpose of the movement was to overthrow the Qing government's rule and create a "Taiping Heavenly Kingdom" with money and ambassadors, farmland and clothing, clothing and clothing, unevenness and warmth. Although it did not materialize in the end, it had far-reaching consequences.

Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement


Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement

The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement aims to build an ideal society in the minds of the people who worship God. In this country, the rich and the same are realized between people, the fields are farmed together, the clothes and the clothes are worn, there is no unevenness, and no one is warm. This is the ultimate purpose of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement and the most fundamental purpose. This purpose was very attractive to the farmers at the time. At that time, China was in a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society. As the bottom of the society, farmers were not only oppressed by feudal rule, but also oppressed by imperialism, and their lives were very difficult. In the case of large-scale land mergers, farmers lost their land and were unable to make a living. Even Arita farmers suffered from layers of exploitation and were unable to achieve basic food and clothing. Therefore, the goal of creating a "Tianping Heavenly Kingdom" was The people have a very strong appeal and appeal.

The ultimate goal of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom was to establish the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, and the immediate purpose was to overthrow the rule of the Qing government. This is because the rule of the Qing government is the biggest and most direct obstacle to the establishment of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. Therefore, it is imperative to overthrow the rule of the Qing government on the road to creating the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.

Comparison of the Second Opium War and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement

The Second Opium War and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement were major historical events in the late Qing Dynasty. So is there a relationship between the Second Opium War and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement?

Pictures of the second opium war


Pictures of the second opium war

As we all know, the Opium War was a corruption of the Qing court at the end of the Qing Dynasty that could not withstand British aggression, and was finally forced to sign the Nanjing Treaty , an unequal treaty. The Second Opium War was a continuation of the First Opium War . In fact, it was the war aggression of the British and the Great Powers in order to make huge profits.

The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement was a peasant uprising organized by Hong Xiuquan and others. This uprising was on the one hand opposed to the corruption of the Qing government and on the other hand to resist the invasion of the great powers.

So, what is the relationship between the Second Opium War and the Tianping Tianguo Movement?

Investigating this issue, it can be said that the serious consequences of the Second Opium War were caused by the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement. Because the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom was very large, and the purpose of the Taiping Taiguo movement was to counter Qing, the strength of the Qing Dynasty was severely weakened during the 14-year war. Therefore, the Qing court would only confront the Eight Powers. Successive defeats, and finally signed a treaty of bereavement and humiliation.

However, this does not explain that the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement directly caused the failure of the Second Opium War. Because the Qing Dynasty had already experienced the first Opium War at that time, the national strength had been reduced, and the corruption of the Qing Dynasty made those in power not aware of the seriousness of the matter. Therefore, the failure of the Second Opium War was long doomed, but The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement made the defeat of the Second Opium War even worse.

Therefore, the relationship between the Second Opium War and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement can only be said that the latter has aggravated the severity of the former.

What are the roles of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement

The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement was a peasant uprising war between China in 1851 and 1864. During this peasant uprising war, the Qing government was severely hit, which accelerated the demise of the Qing government's corrupt rule. At the same time, the forces of imperialism were also affected. The impact of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement is very large, and it is also very obvious. To sum up, there are three effects of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement.

Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement


Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement

The role of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement: First, the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement is the last peasant uprising war in Chinese history. This war is the highest peak of the old-style peasant uprising. During this war, the Qing government was hit hard and accelerated its demise. Imperialism has also been greatly affected, and this peasant uprising has a clear anti-imperialist and anti-feudal nature. It slowed down the progress of China's semi-colonial and semi-feudal society.

The role of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement 2: The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement lasted for 14 years. In these 14 years, the military and civilians of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement focused on creating the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom regime. The movement spread to 17 provinces and cities in China. It can be said that This movement inspired the spirit of resistance of future generations, and made the Chinese people greatly encouraged on the way to resist the Qing government's corrupt rule and imperialist aggression.

The role of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement III: The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement was part of the people's revolutionary struggle at the time in the world. Not only was China greatly affected by this movement in this large-scale peasant uprising war, but this struggle also promoted the Asian nation. The liberation movement has far-reaching significance, and it has also shaken the European continent.

All in all, the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement had a profound influence in history. This movement not only affected China, but even the revolutionary situation of the entire world at that time.

What was the death toll from the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement

The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement was a peasant uprising war. This war lasted for 14 years. During these 14 years, the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and the Qing Army fought a brutal war. Both the Qing Army and the Taiping Army suffered heavy casualties. The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement killed Can be described as countless. Although there is no data in history to show the death toll of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement, historians can infer the death toll of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement by examining historical data.

Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement


Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement

The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement is a protracted war. The number of deaths in this war is no longer verified, but according to the number of hukou registered in the "Inventory of Households" before and after the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, Chinese modern and contemporary historians of the population believe that the Chinese population from 1851 to 1864 A sharp drop of 40%, with an absolute loss of 160 million. Some scholars compared the pre-war population data with the 1911 Xuantong census data, and concluded that the excessive deaths caused by the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom War in the five provinces of Jiangsu, Anhui, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Hubei amounted to at least 54 million. To the other battlefields of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom War, such as Hunan, Guangxi, Fujian, Sichuan and other provinces, the population loss caused by the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom War to China was at least 100 million, and the direct death toll was 70 million.

In fact, the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement was a protracted tragedy. In this movement, not only a large number of people died on the battlefield, but also many civilians died in the massacre of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and the Qing Army. Many Taiping Heavenly Kingdom people also died. The self-killing of the Tianjing Incident, in short, the blood flowed into each battle during the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom War, and the bodies of each slaughter piled up like a mountain. This war lasted for 14 years and brought a heavy disaster to the Chinese land. Sexual consequences, resulting in a significant reduction in population.

Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement Process

The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement was a peasant uprising aimed at overthrowing the Qing dynasty between 1851 and 1864, and ended with the fall of Tianjing. So what is the process of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement?

Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement Painting


Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement Painting

The process of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement includes eight parts, namely, the Jintian Uprising, the Yongan Formation, breaking northward, setting up the capital Tianjing, heading north for expeditions, leading the Western Expedition, the Tianjing Incident, and defensive warfare.

The Jintian Uprising took place on January 11, 1851. Hong Xiu collected a total of 20,000 people to officially announce the uprising in Jintian Village, Guangxi, and set up the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. He and Yang Xiuqing , Feng Yunshan and others formed the core figures of the leadership movement. What Yongan Formation said was that in September 1851, Hong Xiuquan broke through north and successfully occupied Yongan, and then Hong Xiuquan began to reward soldiers. The breakout north said that on April 5, 1852, the Taiping Army broke through from Yongan and did not capture Guilin. Instead, it captured Quanzhou, and Feng Yunshan was killed by shells. By January 1853, the Taiping Army had captured Wuchang, and in February it had captured Jiujiang and Anqing. The capital of Tianjing took place on March 19, 1853. The Taiping Army captured Nanjing, and the capital was renamed Tianjing here. The northern expedition was on May 13, 1853. Lin Fengxiang and local official Li Kaifang and others led 20,000 troops from Pukou and passed northward through Anhui, Henan, Shanxi, and other places. On October 29, they reached Jinghai and Duliu towns in the southwest. And stationed in the army for assistance. The leading Western Expedition occurred at the same time as the Northern Expedition. The leaders of the Western Expedition were Hu Yihuang, Lai Hanying, and others. They led more than a thousand warships, and the army went up from Tianjing to start the Western Expedition. The Tianjing Incident occurred in 1856. Yang Xiuqing was proud of his merits and was killed by his subordinate Wei Changhui in early September. After the defensive battle, Tianjing fell, Hong Xiuquan died, and the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement eventually failed.

How long does the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement last?

The question of how long the Taiping movement lasts is actually controversial. However, the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement began in Jintian Village in 1851, and the fall of Tianjing in 1864, that is, a total of fourteen years. Since it is so obvious, why is there any controversy about how long the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement lasts?

Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Pictures


Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Pictures

In fact, how long the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement lasts is controversial because some people think that the end time of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement cannot simply use the fall of Tianjing as the end mark, and there are two other time points that can be used as the ending mark of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement.

One of them is to mark the end of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement according to the time of the defeat of Yuan Dakui, because this unit still uses the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom instrument. If this time is counted, how long will the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement last? The answer is 19 years. .

The other is calculated based on the time when Shi Dakai's army fell. Because this is the last army left by the Taiping Movement. This army was completely defeated only in 1872. If you count according to this time, the answer to the question of how long the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement lasts is 22 years.

In fact, the answer to the question of how long the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement lasts mainly depends on what event is used as the end mark of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement. The signs are different and the duration is different. However, most historians still regard the fall of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom as a sign of the end of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement, because the fall of the capital indicates the demise of the regime. Even if there are subordinates remaining, it is no longer sufficient to represent the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom Movement. This statement is more acceptable to the public A saying.


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