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War Riddles: The Truth About the Defeat of the First Opium War
Fun history2017-03-05 16:29:49

The Opium War was China's first war against Western capitalist powers. The British army defeated China with less force and less cost. The reason is that in addition to objectively possessing enemy weaponry, proper use of strategic tactics, being able to focus most of its forces on coastal cities, and occupying the economic lifeline, it is often combined with frontal attack and flanking in combat. It is the corruption and incompetence of the Qing government. Political Corruption China's feudal social system continued to decline in the 1830s. Not only was the economy stagnant and very backward, which weakened the economic foundation on which the war was based, but the entire ruling clique was permeated with happiness and corruption.

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With the importation of opium, most people in the ruling clans are increasingly relying on this drug to kill the parasitic life of absurdity. They not only accept the purchases of internal and external tobacco dealers, but also rely on this drug to take advantage of it. Some take the si ship, openly under the banner of the Governor of Guangdong and Guangdong or the Guangdong Customs Supervision, sailing from Lingdingyang to Guangzhou with all the might. The noble ministers of the Qing court received generous bribes from Guangdong and coastal officials. Even the emperor collected a large amount of Western treasures and became the biggest beneficiary of this "business" relationship. Therefore, on the issues of smoking and anti-smoking, war and peace, they have always been erratic, and there has been no firm policy throughout the war. From the emperor to the generals, superintendents, and caresses, there was no way to fight, and there was no practical method of combat. When the war was frustrated, they immediately sought peace; When reconciliation and surrender are more conducive to maintaining a shaky reactionary rule than fighting, they humiliate and surrender.

Political reaction and decay have brought military incompetence and corruption to the vast and long coastline of China, which has long been neglected for combat readiness and defenseless. The Qing Army with the Eight Banners and Green Battalions as its main force has long been respected and superior, lazy in training, distracted from the army, and lax in discipline; its generals are of low quality, its military ideology is conservative and backward, and it does not organize or direct wars.

After the Opium War broke out, many generals ignored the enemy ’s sentiment. They defended the fortified fortresses behind the building, defensive front, regardless of the depth side; the garrison in many areas opened fire when they saw the enemy, and waited for the enemy to approach. Coaxed and fled, and even raised a white flag to surrender. Ningbo, Yuyao, Cixi, Fenghua, Shanghai and other places did not even give up. The resistance headed by Lin Zexu and Deng Tingzhang, although determined and fruitful in the struggle against the British invaders, they were finally defeated by the captives of the surrenders. "They have no will to save the country, but no right to size" (Poet Lu Songyu ). Appointing captives such as Ying Ying and Iribu to resist the invaders is undoubtedly a fate.

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Separated from the people, opposed the people, and even suppressed the people against the aggressors. In the war of national self-defense, the reactionary government of the Qing Dynasty did not mobilize and organize the people extensively, relying on limited military power to disperse soldiers on the long coastline. It was originally an enemy. Situation, but on the actual battlefield has become the situation of the enemy and the others. Even when the Chinese people spontaneously fought against the invaders, they were afraid to die, and they absurdly accused them of "subliminal incitement" and "very harmful", and opposed, destroyed, and suppressed them until they fell to collude with foreign aggressors and suppress them. The struggle of patriotic people. It is impossible for such a reactionary and decaying government to win the war against aggression. This became the main reason.

Comments: The above is the truth of the disastrous defeat of the First Opium War . You know the real reason. First of all, there is no firm policy and no practical method of warfare. There is also political reaction and decay, military incompetence and Corruption, separation from the people, opposition to the people, and even repression. This war has actually been lost without fighting.

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