Real name: Marcus Lissini Krasu
Age: Roman Republic
Birth time: about 115 years ago
Time of death: 53 years before
Main achievements: Leading the Roman army to suppress the Spartak slave uprising; one of the first three
English name: Marcus Licinius Crassus
Marcus Lissini Crassus (Latin: M · LICINIVS · P · F · P · N · CRASSVS, English: Marcus Licinius Crassus, circa 115-53 BC), an ancient Roman strategist, Politician, Rome's richest man at the end of the Roman Republic.
He helped Sura seize power in the civil war to establish dictatorship. He spent most of his life in politics and inherited his father's business for commercial speculation. He accumulated wealth through the slave trade, operating minerals, speculative real estate trading, and illegally seizing other people's property.
From 72 to 71 years ago, Spartak led a slave uprising and Krassus led the Roman army to brutal suppression. After Sura retired, he cooperated with Pompey and Caesar to form a three-head political alliance. Compared to the two giants, Krasu controls the most troops and possesses the most wealth, but it is not enough in terms of military achievements. Since then, jealous of Pompeii and Caesar, he hastily launched a war against the Resting Empire in 53 BC, and was completely annihilated during the Battle of Carlisle , and he died in the battle.
Krasu was born in a privileged environment and is the second of three children in the family. Krassus's father, Pbulius Krassus, was already Rome's richest man, a member of the Senate, and had once held a Triumphus in Rome for military merits.
Because Pubulius was politically biased towards the Sura of the Senate, he was oppressed during the reign of Sura's opponent, Majoro. After the death of Majoro, Lucius Cornelius Cinna, the dictator in power, continued to oppress the Sura faction and implement a dictatorship in Rome. Qin Na's behavior caused the young Krasu to flee to Sura's base camp, Africa, and eventually returned to Rome with Sura.
Biggest source of money
The public catastrophe is Krassu's greatest source of personal wealth. Crassus noticed that the houses in Rome were so crowded that it was easy to catch fire. He organized a fire brigade, which was still very rare at that time. Once there was a fire in the house, he bought the fire at a very low price when the owners were afraid House and its adjacent houses before they started fighting the fire. In this way, Krasu acquired thousands of houses and dwellings, and then rented them out at high prices.
In order to get a villa for a virgin in a temple, he entangled her so diligently that he was suspected of having sex with the virgin. In addition, Krasu also has numerous silver mines, as well as a large number of slaves with a clear division of labor. He personally directed the education of slaves. He often said that the master should let the slave do everything, and all the master had to do was manage the slave.
Crassus is said to be enamored of Aristotle's doctrine. When he traveled abroad, he was always accompanied by a scholar. Each time, the scholar was given a cloak for travel, but was returned when he returned. For this scholar, it is "difficult to say whether he became poorer before he had a friendship with Krassus or whether he became poorer afterwards." The clumsy Krasu is extremely generous and very kind in buying people: he often lends money to friends without interest (but when the loan period expires, he immediately and ruthlessly forces debts); he often feasts at home Ordinary people; on the street, no matter how low the other party ’s status is, as long as you say hello to him, he can call the other party ’s name (it is said that this was a way to please the people at no cost).
Ambition and hostility
Crassus, known as the "Big Three" with Pompey and Caesar, never confuses ambition with hostility. When Caesar was captured by pirates in Asia in his early years, he once said, "Klasu, how happy you should be when I hear the news of my captivity." But Klasu can see the hero with wisdom, even in Caesar and him After his wife was infected, he also gave money to support Caesar's elections; before Caesar left for Spain to become the administrator, the creditors came to the door and arrested him, and Klasu also guaranteed Caesar's huge debt.
In short, "He is not a loyal and determined friend, nor is he an injusticeable enemy. Once his vital interests are involved, he can get rid of personal grievances without hesitation." Krasu, whose political opinions are fickle, is more like a businessman, He is good at buying everything that is valuable, especially the human heart. From the Senate to the bottom, he has countless debtors and supporters.
Krassu's most brilliant "performance" was that during the crisis, the leader defeated and killed Spartacus and wiped out more than 10,000 insurgents. During the war, in order to rectify the military discipline, he restored the ancient method of punishing deserters: he divided five hundred deserters into fifty groups, and by drawing lots, one person was selected from each group and then executed.
Crassus later died in the East. His head was cut off, and his mouth was filled with melting gold from the enemy.
After the end of the term of the second consul, Krasou was appointed Governor of the Syrian Governorate. Using Syria as a base, he launched an offensive against Rome's longtime enemy, the Sabbath empire. Crassus was completely defeated, and he himself was killed in the Battle of Calle.
Crassus's death broke up Caesar's alliance with Pompeii. Four years after his death, Caesar led his troops across the Rubicon and began a civil war against Pompeo and the legitimate government of the Republic.
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