Chinese name: 彭 富 九
Place of birth: Jiangxi, Yongxin County
Date of Birth: 1918
Belief: Chinese Communist Party
Major achievements: awarded the rank of major general in 1955
Peng Fujiu, born in Yongxin County, Jiangxi Province, was born in 1918, and was transferred from the Youth League to the Communist Party of China in 1933. Former Captain of the Sixth Army Radio. Participated in anti- "encirclement and suppression" and the Long March in Hunan, Jiangxi, Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan and Guizhou. He later served as a researcher, deputy director, and head of the Second Bureau of the Central Army, deputy director and director of the Second Bureau of the Jinchaji Military Region, and director of the Second Bureau of the North China Military Region and Central South Military Region. Participated in the battle of Qingfengdian, Shijiazhuang, Pingjin, Guangdong, Hainan Island and other battles. After 1950, he successively served as the Director and Deputy Minister of the Technical Department of the Central Military Commission, the Minister of the Third Chief of the General Staff and the Dean of the Foreign Languages Academy of the PLA, the Deputy Political Commissar of the Academy of Military Sciences, and the Political Commissar of the Three General Staffs. He is the representative of the Fourth National People's Congress. He was awarded the rank of major general in 1955. He has been awarded the second-level August 1st medal, the second-level independent freedom medal, and the first-level liberation medal.
In 1918, Peng Fujiu was born to a poor peasant family in Meihua Village, Gaoxi Town, Yongxin County, Jiangxi Province. At the age of 10, he joined the Children's League and served as the head of the District Children's League. In 1931, he served as Secretary of the Children's Bureau of Yongxin County.
In December 1932, Xiao Ke brought a 50-watt radio station from the Central Military Commission, and the Hunan-Jiangxi Military Region immediately organized the first training course in Yongxin County. Feng Wenbin, the Central Inspector of the Communist Youth League, recommended Peng Fujiu to attend the training course. There were a total of 8 trainees in this period. After completing his studies, Peng Fujiu served as the radio operator of the Red Six Army Corps, the newspaper director of the Red Second Army Corps, and the radio captain of the Red Six Army Corps.
In August 1934, Peng Fujiu broke out with the Red Six Army.
In June 1935, the telegram between Xu Yuanquan of the Kuomintang Enshi “Bandit” Command and Zhang Zhenhan ’s 41th Division was deciphered by Peng Fujiu and others, which greatly contributed to the Red Army ’s elimination of the 41th Division and the capture of Zhang Zhenhan, the division ’s commander.
During the Anti-Japanese War, Peng Fujiu worked in the Second Bureau of the Military Commission. The Second Bureau of the Military Commission is responsible for reconnaissance work. Peng Fujiu has served as a reporter, radio station director, unit chief, deputy chief of a division, chief of cadre section, and head of the department.
During the liberation war, Peng Fujiu went to the Jinchaji Military Region as the deputy director and director of the Second Bureau.
In October 1947, Peng Fujiu personally translated a telegram on the advance strategies of the Kuomintang Third Army and the Sixteenth Army, which played a key role in defeating the Kuomintang Third Army of the Jinchaji Jiji Army.
In 1949, in the battle of Hengbao, Peng Fujiu analyzed the combat intention of Bai Chongxi's troops, which helped the Fourth Field Army win.
In 1952, the General Staff established a technical department, and Peng Fujiu was transferred to Beijing to serve as the director of the first bureau of the technical department.
During the Korean War, Peng Fujiu organized and led intelligence security work in the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea, and carried out multi-language translation and intelligence technology reconnaissance of the United Nations multinational force on the Korean battlefield. Later, due to problems with the main leaders of the Ministry of Technology, the situation was chaotic and the work was severely affected. Soon Li Tao became the Minister of Technology and Peng Fujiu was promoted to the first Deputy Minister.
In 1955, Peng Fujiu was awarded the rank of major general. In the same year, the technical department was changed to the three general staff.
In 1959, proposed by Li Tao, he was appointed Minister of the Third Chief of Staff. Peng Fujiu once left the three ministries to serve as deputy political commissar of the Academy of Military Sciences, but finally returned to the three ministries and served as minister and first political commissar. He has won the two-level August 1st Medal, the two-level Independent Freedom Medal, the first-level Liberation Medal, and the first-class Red Star Meritorious Medal.
Comrade Peng Fujiu, a former retired cadre of the Deputy Military Region and the former first political commissar of the third department of the General Staff, died of invalidity in Beijing on June 7, 2011 at the age of 93.
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